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SCCき裂先端近傍の変形挙動解析,3; EBSP法による塑性変形解析

Analysis of deformation behavior at SCC crack tip, 3; Plastic deformation analysis by EBSP method

加治 芳行; 三輪 幸夫; 塚田 隆; 長島 伸夫*; 早川 正夫*; 安藤 昌視*; 仲田 清智*; 越石 正人*

Kaji, Yoshiyuki; Miwa, Yukio; Tsukada, Takashi; Nagashima, Nobuo*; Hayakawa, Masao*; Ando, Masami*; Nakata, Kiyotomo*; Koshiishi, Masato*

国内の沸騰水型軽水炉(BWR)の低炭素ステンレス鋼製の炉心シュラウド及び再循環系(PLR)配管の溶接部近傍に応力腐食割れ(SCC)が多発しており、同鋼のSCC機構の解明が求められている。本研究ではSCC機構に及ぼすき裂先端塑性変形挙動の影響を検討するため、後方散乱電子線回折パターン(EBSP)法によりSCCき裂先端の塑性変形挙動の解析を実施した。その結果、SCCき裂は、疲労予き裂から45$$^{circ}$$程度傾いた方向に分岐しながら結晶粒界を進展しており、主としてランダム粒界を進展していた。き裂から1結晶粒程度のき裂の極近傍での塑性変形量は、10$$sim$$20%程度と大きな値を示した。また、SCCき裂の両側の塑性変形量は不均等であり、一方の結晶粒で大きな塑性変形が観察される傾向が見られた。これらの結果から、SCCき裂進展は1結晶粒程度のき裂先端極近傍の塑性変形に律速されていることが推測された。

In recent years, incidents of the stress corrosion cracking (SCC) were frequently reported that occurred in the weld part of core shroud and primary loop recirculation (PLR) piping of low carbon stainless steels, and the cause investigation and measure become the present important issue. In this study, to investigate the effect of plastic deformation behavior at the crack, analyses of plastic deformation behavior at the SCC crack tip were performed by electron back-scattering diffraction pattern (EBSP) method. SCC crack propagated along the grain boundary in the 45 degree direction of a fatigue crack, especially random grain boundary. The plastic deformation showed 10 to 20% in the one grain region of the crack. The plastic deformation behavior was different in both of a SCC crack and large plastic deformation was observed on one side of grain. From these results, it was considered that SCC crack propagation behavior was controlled by plastic deformation of very near crack tip.

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