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Anti-FGF23 neutralizing antibodies show the physiological role and structural features of FGF23

Yamazaki, Yuji*; Tamada, Taro; Kasai, Noriyuki*; Urakawa, Itaru*; Aono, Yukiko*; Hasegewa, Hisashi*; Fujita, Toshiro*; Kuroki, Ryota; Yamashita, Takeyoshi*; Fukumoto, Seiji*; Shimada, Takashi*

Fibroblast growth factor (FGF)23 is proposed to play a physiological role in the regulation of phosphate and vitamin D metabolism; deranged circulatory levels of FGF23 cause several diseases with abnormal mineral metabolism. We developed two antibodies (FN1 and FC1) that recognize the N- and C-terminal regions of FGF23, respectively. Both FN1 and FC1 inhibited FGF23 activity in a cell-based Klotho-dependent reporter assay. The present study using neutralizing antibodies confirms that FGF23 is a physiological regulator of phosphate and vitamin D metabolism. Then, we addressed the mechanism of action for these neutralizing antibodies. Structural analysis of the FGF23/FN1-Fab complex revealed that FN1 masked putative FGF receptor-binding sites in the N-terminal domain of FGF23, while biochemical analyses showed that FC1 interfered with the association between FGF23 and Klotho by binding to the C-terminal domain of FGF23. Taken together, our results suggest that the N- and C-terminal domains of FGF23 are responsible for association with cognate FGF receptors and Klotho, respectively, and that these interactions are indispensable for FGF23 activity.

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Category:Endocrinology & Metabolism

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