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Advanced safeguards and proliferation resistance of the future nuclear fuel cycle systems

次世代核燃料サイクルシステムへの先進保障措置と抵抗性

久野 祐輔; 井上 尚子; 千崎 雅生

Kuno, Yusuke; Inoue, Naoko; Senzaki, Masao

包括的保障措置と追加議定書からなる国際保障措置は、最も効果的な核不拡散手段である。原子力平和利用においては、保障措置のような制度的なバリアと技術的なバリアの良いバランスが重要となるが、中でも今後の日本のチャレンジは、クライテリアを満たす強い保障措置を原子力システムにどのように適用していくかである。

International Safeguards including the Comprehensive Safeguards Agreement and the Additional Protocol is the most effective extrinsic measures. To find a good balance of safeguard-ability (so-called extrinsic measure or institutional barrier) and impede-ability (intrinsic measure or technical barrier) will come to be essential for nuclear fuel cycle designers to optimize civilian nuclear technology in terms of nuclear non-proliferation, although it is of importance that PR measures should economically be viable. Japanese primary challenge in nonproliferation for future nuclear fuel cycle is to accomplish robust Safeguards system to meet Safeguards criteria.

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