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Integral experiment on beryllium with DD neutrons for nuclear data benchmarking

DD中性子によるベリリウムの核データベンチマーク積分実験

近藤 恵太郎; 落合 謙太郎; 立部 洋介; 八木 貴宏; 大西 世紀; 高倉 耕祐; 佐藤 聡; 今野 力

Kondo, Keitaro; Ochiai, Kentaro; Tatebe, Yosuke; Yagi, Takahiro; Onishi, Seiki; Takakura, Kosuke; Sato, Satoshi; Konno, Chikara

原子力機構の核融合中性子源施設FNSでは、DT中性子による核融合炉材料の積分実験が数多く実施され、核データの精度検証に大きな成果を挙げてきた。DD中性子に起因する核データをより効果的に検証するため、われわれは新たにFNSのDD中性子源を用いた積分実験を開始した。本会議ではDD中性子によるベリリウム積分実験について報告する。実験では直径63cm,厚さ45cmのベリリウム疑似円筒体系をDD中性子源から20cmの位置に構築し、体系内における$$^{115}$$In(n,n')$$^{rm 115m}$$In, $$^{197}$$Au(n,$$gamma$$)$$^{198}$$Au, $$^{6}$$Li(n,$$alpha$$)T反応率と$$^{235}$$Uの核分裂率を測定した。測定値はMCNP5コードと最新の評価済み核データライブラリ(JENDL-3.3, ENDF/B-VII.0, JEFF-3.1)を用いた計算値と比較した。その結果、0.3MeV以上の中性子に感度のあるInの反応率について、実験値と計算値の系統的な違いが見られた。解析の結果、この違いは3MeV付近の弾性散乱断面積と(n,2n)反応のしきいエネルギー付近の断面積に起因することがわかった。一方、低エネルギー中性子に感度のあるAu, Li, $$^{235}$$Uの反応率の計算値は大きな過大評価傾向を示した。この傾向はDT中性子のベンチマーク実験で見られたものとほぼ同様で、その原因はまだ明らかになっていない。

At the Fusion Neutronics Source (FNS) facility of JAEA we have conducted various integral experiments with DT neutrons for fusion reactor materials and have made a significant progress in the verification of their nuclear data. Recently we started a new series of integral experiments with DD neutrons at FNS in order to verify nuclear data relating to DD neutrons effectively. An integral experiment on beryllium with the DD neutron source will be presented in this conference. A beryllium pseudo-cylinder assembly of 45 cm in thickness and 63 cm in the diameter was built at the distance of 20 cm from the DD neutron source, and reaction rates of the $$^{115}$$In(n,n')$$^{rm 115m}$$In, $$^{197}$$Au(n,$$gamma$$)$$^{198}$$Au and $$^{6}$$Li(n,$$alpha$$)T reactions and a $$^{235}$$U fission rate were measured. The measured values were compared with calculations with the MCNP5 code and the latest nuclear data libraries; JENDL-3.3, ENDF/B-VII.0 and JEFF-3.1. A slight disagreement between the measurement and the calculation was found in the reaction rate of In, which is sensitive to neutrons above 0.3 MeV. We identified that the disagreement originated from the angular differential cross section data of the elastic scattering around 3 MeV and from the (n,2n) reaction cross section data near its threshold energy. The calculated reaction rates of Au, Li and $$^{235}$$U, which are sensitive to low energy neutrons, showed a large overestimation, which also appeared at the beryllium integral experiment with DT neutrons previously carried out at FNS. This problem has not been solved yet.

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