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Development of the cryogenic hydrogen system for a spallation neutron source in J-PARC

J-PARC核破砕中性子源用低温水素システムの開発

達本 衡輝; 麻生 智一; 大都 起一; 上原 聡明; 櫻山 久志; 川上 善彦; 加藤 崇; 二川 正敏

Tatsumoto, Hideki; Aso, Tomokazu; Otsu, Kiichi; Uehara, Toshiaki; Sakurayama, Hisashi; Kawakami, Yoshihiko; Kato, Takashi; Futakawa, Masatoshi

J-PARCの核破砕中性子源ではMW級の陽子ビームによる核破砕反応によって発生した高速中性子を超臨界圧水素を用いて冷中性子に減速しビームを供給する。陽子ビーム1MW時において、水素モデレータ容器内で発生する核発熱は約3.8kWであり、この大きな熱負荷を除去するために、大流量の超臨界圧水素を安定に強制循環させる低温システムを製作した。6か月に渡るオフビームコミッショニング期間で、低温水素システムの特性試験を実施し、設計どおりの性能を満たすことを確認することができた。

In JSNS, supercritical hydrogen at around 20 K and 1.5 MPa was selected as a moderator material. Three kinds of hydrogen moderators are installed to provide pulsed neutron beam with higher neutronic performance. A cryogenic hydrogen system, in which a hydrogen circulation system is cooled by a helium refrigerator system with the refrigerator capacity of 6.45 kW at 15.6 K, provides the supercritical hydrogen to the moderators and absorbs nuclear heating in the moderators. Through the off-beam commissioning, we have confirmed that the cryogenic hydrogen system can be cooled down to 18 K within 19 hours. The supercritical hydrogen with the mass flow rate of 190 g/s can be circulated at the rated condition. It is verified that the cryogenic hydrogen system is satisfied with the performance requirements. In May 2008, we have succeeded in providing the first cold neutron beam cooled by the cryogenic hydrogen system.

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