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低炭素オーステナイト系ステンレス鋼SUS316Lの粒内・粒界の変形挙動の評価

Evaluation of deformation behavior of In grains and grain boundaries of L-grade austenitic stainless steel 316L

長島 伸夫*; 早川 正夫*; 塚田 隆; 加治 芳行; 三輪 幸夫*; 安藤 昌視*; 仲田 清智*

Nagashima, Nobuo*; Hayakawa, Masao*; Tsukada, Takashi; Kaji, Yoshiyuki; Miwa, Yukio*; Ando, Masami*; Nakata, Kiyotomo*

本研究では、冷間加工により予ひずみを与えた低炭素ステンレス鋼SUS316Lの変形挙動を調べるために微小硬さ試験とAFM観察を実施し、以下の結果を得た。同じ塑性ひずみを負荷したにもかかわらず、予ひずみを与えなかったものよりも30%冷間加工材の方がすべり帯の間隔がより狭く、粒界近傍にすべり帯が集中していることがわかった。微小硬さが300以上となる領域が30%以上の冷間加工材の特に粒界において多く見られた。これらのことから粒界における変形の非均一性が低炭素ステンレス鋼のIGSCC進展機構の重要な要因であることが示唆される。

In this study, micro-hardness tests and AFM observations were performed on SUS316L low-carbon austenitic stainless steel pre-strained by cold rolling to investigate its deformation behavior. The following results were obtained. Despite the fact that the same plastic strain was applied, post-tensile test AFM showed narrower slip-band spacing in a reduction in area of 30% cold-rolled specimen than the unrolled specimen. Concentrated slip bands were observed near grain boundaries. Micro-hardness exceeding 300 was found to occur frequently in after tensile test specimens with a reduction in area of 30% or more, particularly at grain boundaries. It is suggested that the nonuniformity of deformation at grain boundaries plays an important role of IGSCC crack propagation mechanism of low-carbon austenitic stainless steel.

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