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Forced convection heat transfer of subcooled liquid hydrogen in a small tube

微小配管内のサブクール液体水素の強制対流熱伝達

達本 衡輝; 白井 康之*; 塩津 正博*; 畑 幸一*; 小林 弘明*; 成尾 芳博*; 稲谷 芳文*; 加藤 崇; 二川 正敏; 木下 勝弘*

Tatsumoto, Hideki; Shirai, Yasuyuki*; Shiotsu, Masahiro*; Hata, Koichi*; Kobayashi, Hiroaki*; Naruo, Yoshihiro*; Inatani, Yoshifumi*; Kato, Takashi; Futakawa, Masatoshi; Kinoshita, Katsuhiro*

液体水素が内径3mmの電流加熱垂直円管内を上向きに上昇する場合の円管内面における強制対流熱伝達を流速、温度を変えて測定した。実験システムで採用した高精度デジタルはかりによる質量測定法の有用性が確認できた。各流速における沸騰開始に至る非沸騰熱伝達は、Dittus-Boelter式とよく一致し、これまで全くなかった液体水素の強制対流沸騰限界熱流束の流速,サブクール,形状依存性を初めて明らかにした。

Forced flow heat transfers of liquid hydrogen through a vertical tube with the diameter, d, of 3.0 mm were measured at the pressure of 0.7 MPa for various inlet temperatures and flow velocities. The non-boiling heat transfer coefficients agreed with those by the Dittus-Boelter correlation. The heat fluxes at the inception of boiling and the departure from nucleate boiling (DNB) heat fluxes were higher for higher flow velocity and subcooling. The DNB heat fluxes were higher for larger diameter, compared with those for $$d$$ = 6.0 mm. The effect of tube diameter and subcooling on the DNB heat flux was clarified.

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