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Hydrogen isotope permeation from cooling water through various metal piping

各種金属配管を介した冷却水からの水素同位体透過

林 巧; 中村 博文; 磯部 兼嗣; 小林 和容; 小柳津 誠; 山西 敏彦; 大矢 恭久*; 奥野 健二*

Hayashi, Takumi; Nakamura, Hirofumi; Isobe, Kanetsugu; Kobayashi, Kazuhiro; Oyaizu, Makoto; Yamanishi, Toshihiko; Oya, Yasuhisa*; Okuno, Kenji*

科学研究費補助金:基盤研究(B)の補助を受け、金属水界面での水素同位体移行挙動を調べるために、純鉄,ニッケル,ステンレス鋼(SS304)及び純鉄に10$$mu$$mの金メッキを施した試料配管などを高温耐圧水(重水)容器内に設置し、重水側からこれら配管内側へ透過してくる重水素の挙動を、573K-15MPaにて調べた。実験中、金メッキ試料配管以外は金属水界面が酸化し、それに伴って重水素が発生した。この重水素が配管内側へ透過してくる挙動を四重極質量分析計にて連続的に監視した。結果、純鉄,ニッケル,ステンレス鋼(SS304)のいずれの金属配管についても、顕著な重水素の定常透過が観測できた。一方で、金メッキを施した純鉄配管では明確な重水素の透過は観測できなかった。本報告ではこれらの結果を整理するとともに、重水素の金属水界面での移行機構について議論する。

In order to investigate the behavior of hydrogen isotope on the water-metal boundary, deuterium permeation experiments from heavy water vessel through various metal piping, such as pure iron (Fe), nickel (Ni), stainless steel (SS304), and pure iron with 10 $$mu$$m gold plating, were performed at 573 K and at 15 MPa. During the experiment, surfaces of metal piping except gold plating one were oxidized at the heavy water boundary and then deuterium would generate by the oxidation reactions. This deuterium could be detected by mass spectrometer, which monitored the inside gases of the piping under vacuum. The result showed clearly that the deuterium permeated through Fe, Ni, and SS304 piping was detected as deuterium gas (D$$_{2}$$) under vacuum, though that through gold plating one could not be detected effectively. The D$$_{2}$$ permeation rate through Fe, Ni, and SS304 piping reached some stabilized value. This paper summarizes the above experimental results and discusses the mechanism of deuterium behavior on the water metal boundary.

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パーセンタイル:43.25

分野:Nuclear Science & Technology

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