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Crystallization and preliminary X-ray diffraction analysis of tetrathionate hydrolase from ${it Acidithiobacillus ferrooxidans}$

${it Acidithiobacillus ferrooxidans}$由来テトラチオン酸加水分解酵素の結晶化とX線回折実験

金尾 忠芳*; 小坂 恵*; 吉田 京矢*; 中山 久之*; 玉田 太郎; 黒木 良太; 山田 秀徳; 高田 潤*; 上村 一雄*

Kanao, Tadayoshi*; Kosaka, Megumi*; Yoshida, Kyoya*; Nakayama, Hisayuki*; Tamada, Taro; Kuroki, Ryota; Yamada, Hidenori; Takada, Jun*; Kamimura, Kazuo*

鉄硫黄酸化細菌${it Acidithiobacillus ferrooxidans}$由来テトラチオン酸加水分解酵素(tetrathionate hydrolase)は無機硫黄化合物の加水分解を触媒する。組換え型酵素${it Af}$-Tthを大腸菌を用いて封入体として発現し、酸性条件下で活性体に巻き戻した後に、単一に精製した。${it Af}$-Tthの結晶は、沈澱剤溶液を33%(${it v/v}$) PEG 1000、50m${it M}$塩化ナトリウム、20m${it M}$グリシン緩衝液(pH10)としたハンギングドロップ蒸気拡散法により、取得された。結晶は0.2$$times$$0.05$$times$$0.05mmの六角柱状で、X線回折実験の結果、2.15${AA}$分解能の回折点が確認され、結晶の空間群は${it P}$3$$_{1}$$もしくは${it P}$3$$_{2}$$、格子定数は${it a}$=${it b}$=92.1, ${it c}$=232.6${AA}$であった。

Tetrathionate hydrolase (4THase) from the iron- and sulfur-oxidizing bacterium ${it Acidithiobacillus ferrooxidans}$ catalyses the disproportionate hydrolysis of tetrathionate to elemental sulfur, thiosulfate and sulfate. The gene encoding 4THase (${it Af-tth}$) was expressed as inclusion bodies in recombinant ${it Escherichia coli}$. Recombinant ${it Af}$-Tth was activated by refolding under acidic conditions and was then purified to homogeneity. The recombinant protein was crystallized in 20 m${it M}$ glycine buffer pH 10 containing 50 m${it M}$ sodium chloride and 33%(${it v/v}$) PEG 1000 using the hanging-drop vapour-diffusion method. The crystal was a hexagonal cylinder with dimensions of 0.2 $$times$$ 0.05 $$times$$ 0.05 mm. X-ray crystallographic analysis showed that the crystal diffracted to 2.15 ${AA}$ resolution and belongs to space group ${it P}$3$$_{1}$$ or ${it P}$3$$_{2}$$, with unit-cell parameters ${it a}$ = ${it b}$ = 92.1, ${it c}$ = 232.6 ${AA}$.

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パーセンタイル:60.68

分野:Biochemical Research Methods

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