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Effect of oxide film formed during $$gamma$$-ray irradiation on pitting corrosion of fuel cladding in water containing sea salt

海水成分を含む水溶液での燃料被覆管の孔食に及ぼす$$gamma$$線照射時に生成した酸化皮膜の影響

本岡 隆文; 塚田 隆

Motooka, Takafumi; Tsukada, Takashi

福島第一原子力発電所(1F)では、2011年3月に海水が使用済燃料プールに注入された。ジルカロイ-2は1Fで燃料被覆管材として採用されているが、ジルカロイ-2を含むジルコニウム合金は、酸化性の塩化物水溶液で孔食の影響を受けやすい。本研究では、海水成分を含む水の放射線分解生成物が、ジルカロイ-2の孔食生起に及ぼす影響を調査した。$$gamma$$線照射の前後に、海水成分を含有する水の組成変化を分析した。また、ジルカロイ-2の孔食電位測定を実施した。さらに、ジルカロイ-2表面に形成された酸化膜の特性をX線光電子分光法により評価した。海水成分を含む水の溶液分析では、$$gamma$$線照射での過酸化水素の発生が示された。$$gamma$$線照射下で皮膜形成したジルカロイ-2の孔食電位は非照射下のそれより高かった。ジルカロイ-2の酸化皮膜は酸化ジルコニウムであり、これは$$gamma$$線照射中に厚くなることがわかった。$$gamma$$線照射下で生成した皮膜を有するジルカロイ-2の孔食電位が高くなった原因は$$gamma$$線照射下で酸化皮膜形成が進行することで説明された。

In Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station (1F), seawater was injected into spent fuel pools in March 2011. Zircaloy-2 is adopted for the fuel cladding at 1F. Zirconium alloys including Zircaloy-2 are susceptible to pitting corrosion in oxidizing chloride solutions. In this study, we investigated the effect of oxide film formed during $$gamma$$-ray irradiation on pitting corrosion of fuel cladding in water containing sea salt. The pitting potentials of Zircaloy-2 were measured using the water containing artificial sea salt. Changes in the composition of water containing sea salt were analyzed before and after $$gamma$$-ray irradiation. The characteristics of the oxide films formed on Zircaloy-2 were evaluated by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. Solution analyses for water containing sea salt showed that hydrogen peroxide was generated by the irradiation. The pitting potential of Ziracloy-2 with oxide film formed under $$gamma$$-ray irradiation was higher than that with oxide film formed without irradiation. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy indicated that the oxide film was composed of zirconium oxide and the growth of oxide film was enhanced during the irradiation. It could thus be explained that the enhanced growth of oxide film under $$gamma$$-ray irradiation caused the higher pitting potential.

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