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In-situ structural integrity evaluation for high-power pulsed spallation neutron source by using a laser Doppler method

レーザードップラー法による高強度核破砕パルス中性子源のその場構造健全性評価

Wan, T.; 直江 崇 ; 涌井 隆; 羽賀 勝洋; 粉川 広行; 二川 正敏

Wan, T.; Naoe, Takashi; Wakui, Takashi; Haga, Katsuhiro; Kogawa, Hiroyuki; Futakawa, Masatoshi

J-PARCの水銀ターゲットでは、陽子線入射励起圧力波によるターゲット容器のキャビテーション損傷を低減するために先端部に狭隘流路構造を有する2重壁構造の容器を設置する計画である。本研究では、陽子線入射時に発生するターゲット容器外側の振動をレーザードップラー振動計により非接触で計測することによって、激しい損傷が形成される2重壁の内壁の損傷を診断するための検討を実施した。まず、内壁側に損傷を模擬した貫通穴を形成した場合の容器の振動速度について、数値解析及び水銀中への圧力波負荷実験により調べた。振動波形の差異を定量化するために、ウェーブレット解析を用いた比較法(WDA)を考案し、穴径に応じてわずかに振動波形が変化することを明らかにした。しかしながら、実験では、振動波形にノイズが多く重畳し、差が明瞭でなかった。そこで、ノイズを低減するために、分散分析及び共分散分析を適用した結果、穴径の増加とともに穴がない場合の振動波形との差が大きくなることを確認した。さらに、実機ターゲット容器で計測した振動波形に対して、同様の分析を実施し、流動条件のわずかな差による振動波形の変化を定量的に評価できることを示唆した。

High power accelerator driven pulsed spallation neutron sources are being developed in the world. Mercury is used as a target material to produce neutrons via the spallation reaction induced by injected protons. At the moment of the proton injection, the mercury vessel with a double wall structure is impulsively excited by the interaction between mercury and solid wall. The vibrational signals were measured in noncontact and remotely by using a Laser Doppler Vibrometer (LDV) system to evaluate the structure integrity. The extreme damages were assumed as the first step, i.e., the inner structure was partly broken by erosion. The dependency of vibrational behaviors on the damage was systematically investigated through numerical simulations and experiments. A LDV was installed to monitor the dependency of an electro-Magnetic Impact Testing Machine (MIMTM) vibration on the damage size. Through the numerical simulation, it was found that the target vessel vibration depends on the damage size. A technique referred to a Wavelet Differential Analysis (WDA) has been developed to enhance the effect of damages on the impulsive vibration behavior. However, the vibration signals obtained from MIMTM contain considerable noise. In order to reduce the noise effect on the impulsive vibration behavior, the statistical methods referred to an Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) and an Analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA) was applied. Numerical simulation results that obtained from controlling the damage size, were firstly added to random noise with various levels manually, and then were analyzed by the statistic methods. Then, the field data that measured from the real mercury target was analyzed. The results represent that the combination of WDA and ANOVA/ANCOVA could effectively indicate the damage dependency.

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