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Depth profiles of radioactive cesium in soil using a scraper plate over a wide area surrounding the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant, Japan

福島第一原子力発電所周辺の広い範囲でのスクレーパー・プレートを用いた土壌中放射性セシウムの深度分布

松田 規宏; 三上 智 ; 下浦 享*; 高橋 純子*; 中野 雅和; 島田 清貴*; 宇野 騎一郎; 萩原 成朝; 斎藤 公明

Matsuda, Norihiro; Mikami, Satoshi; Shimoura, Susumu*; Takahashi, Junko*; Nakano, Masakazu; Shimada, Kiyotaka*; Uno, Kiichiro; Hagiwara, Shigetomo; Saito, Kimiaki

Depth profiles of radioactive cesium from the Fukushima accident in soils was obtained using a scraper plate three times between December 2011 and December 2012. In most of the obtained depth profiles, it was possible to fit the concentration to a function of mass depth as either an exponential or sech function. By using those functions, following three parameters were estimated: (1) relaxation mass depth $$beta$$ (g cm$$^{-2}$$), (2) effective relaxation mass depth $$beta$$$$_{eff}$$ (g cm$$^{-2}$$), and (3) 1/10 depth L$$_{1/10}$$ (cm). It was observed that depth profiles at some study sites deviated from the typical exponential distributions over time. Downward migration rate V (kg m$$^{-2}$$ y$$^{-1}$$) estimated by the sech function were in good agreement with those found by a realistic approach using a diffusion and migration model.

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パーセンタイル:4.57

分野:Environmental Sciences

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