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Validation of core cooling capability analysis in Monju during guillotine pipe break at primary heat transport system

もんじゅ1次主冷却系配管大口径破損事象の炉心冷却能力解析の検証

山田 文昭; 有川 晃弘*; 深野 義隆

Yamada, Fumiaki; Arikawa, Mitsuhiro*; Fukano, Yoshitaka

ナトリウム冷却高速炉において低圧である冷却材配管のギロチン破断は物理的に生じないが、高速増殖原型炉もんじゅでは安全評価の一つとして、ギロチン破断を念のために仮想的に設定し、許認可のための評価を行ってきた。本論文では、もんじゅ1次主冷却系配管大口径破損時の炉心冷却能力評価において、評価結果に影響を及ぼす現象について、以下のこれまでの試験データの蓄積を踏まえ、解析評価の妥当性を検証した。(a)炉心流量低下に伴い生じる炉心ナトリウム沸騰に関する試験データ、(b)1次主冷却系循環ポンプトリップ後のフローコーストダウンのもんじゅデータ、(c)燃料被覆管の破損評価に用いるLMP回帰曲線の照射済み燃料被覆管急速加熱バースト試験データ、さらに、原子炉トリップ信号応答時間等のもんじゅ実機データも適用し、炉心冷却能力を最新評価した。その結果、燃料被覆管の破損率は従来評価を上回ることなく、あえて1次主冷却系配管にギロチン破断を仮定したとしても、炉心の大規模な損傷に至らないことを評価した。

In sodium-cooled fast reactor, since the coolant does not need to be pressurized, a pipe break due to the internal pressure does not occur physically. For safety margin in Japanese prototype fast breeder reactor (Monju), the guillotine pipe break accident, i.e., loss of integrity (LOPI) has been analyzed as an extreme assumption for beyond design basis accidents (B-DBAs) in the licensing application for the permit. The cooling capability of the core was re-evaluated in this paper during a large-scale, more specifically guillotine pipe break at the primary heat transport system (PHTS) in Monju, newly considering the following latest findings: (a) Experimental data on sodium boiling in fuel assemblies, (b) Actual PHTS pump coast-down characteristics, and (c) Transient burst test data on irradiated fuel claddings. The analysis models were the validated and simulations were re-performed also using the actual Monju data such as the response time to the trip signals, etc. As a result, it was clarified that the ratio of failed fuel claddings does not exceed around 3% of all of fuel assemblies, as in the past licensing analysis. The safety has been reconfirmed to be secured without significant core damage even under an extreme assumption of a double-ended guillotine pipe break at the PHTS in Monju.

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