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Numerical simulation of self-priming phenomena in venturi scrubber by two-phase flow simulation code TPFIT

詳細二相流解析コードTPFITを用いたベンチュリースクラバー内自給現象の数値解析

堀口 直樹; 吉田 啓之 ; 金川 哲也*; 金子 暁子*; 阿部 豊*

Horiguchi, Naoki; Yoshida, Hiroyuki; Kanagawa, Tetsuya*; Kaneko, Akiko*; Abe, Yutaka*

原子炉における炉心溶融を伴うシビアアクシデント時において、放射性物質の拡散を抑制し、かつ格納容器の保護のため除熱および減圧するための手段としてフィルタードベントがある。本研究は、ベンチュリースクラバーを用いたフィルタードベントの作動特性を明らかにすることを目的として、実験ならびに解析を行っている。これまでの研究により、単一ベンチュリースクラバーにおいて、気相流入量がある一定以上になった場合、自吸停止に至る可能性を明らかにした。本報告では、詳細二相流解析コードTPFITを用いて、ベンチュリースクラバー内の二相流解析を行い、自吸現象に対する数値予測を行うと共に、液滴発生のメカニズムについて検討した結果について報告する。

From the viewpoint of protecting containment and suppressing diffusion of the radioactive materials at severe accidents of nuclear power plant, it is important to install filtered venting devices to permit release of high pressure pollutant gas to the atmosphere by eliminating radioactive materials in the gas. A Multi Venturi Scrubber System (MVSS) is one of the devices for the filtered venting, and is used to realize filtered venting without any power supply. The MVSS is composed of a "Venturi Scrubbers" part and a "bubble column" part. In the Venturi Scrubbers part of the MVSS, there are hundreds of the Venturi scrubbers (VS). In an operation mode of the MVSS, the radioactive materials are eliminated through the gas-liquid interface from the pollutant gas to the liquid phase of a dispersed flow in the VS and a bubbly flow in the bubble column part. In the VS, the dispersed flow is formed from the liquid, which is suctioned through the hole for suction (called self-priming). In previous studies, an evaluation method to evaluate the liquid flow rate by the self-priming was developed. However, to develop evaluation methods of performance of the VSs, the two-phase flow behavior must be investigated, including droplet size and velocity difference of liquid and gas phases. Two-phase flow behavior in the VS is complicated, and it is difficult to estimate two-phase flow behavior of the VS by only experimental procedures. In this study, to investigate the hydraulic behavior of the VS, we tried to apply a detailed numerical simulation method of two-phase flow to the numerical simulation of the VS. In the simulation, TPFIT developed in JAEA was used as the detailed numerical simulation method. In this paper, we performed the numerical simulation air-water two-phase flow in the of the lab scale VS by the TPFIT, and numerical results were compared with experimental results.

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