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Measurement of fragments of a wall-impinging liquid jet in a shallow pool

堀口 直樹; 吉田 啓之; 金子 暁子*; 阿部 豊*

Proceedings of 12th Japan-Korea Symposium on Nuclear Thermal Hydraulics and Safety (NTHAS12) (Internet), 6 Pages, 2022/10



Vibration of cantilever by jet impinging in axial direction

飛田 大樹*; 文字 秀明*; 山下 晋; 堀口 直樹; 吉田 啓之; 菅原 隆徳

Proceedings of 12th Japan-Korea Symposium on Nuclear Thermal Hydraulics and Safety (NTHAS12) (Internet), 5 Pages, 2022/10

Accelerator-driven system (ADS) is a technology proposed to shorten the lifetime and detoxify highly toxic nuclides contained in high-level radioactive wastes discharged by nuclear power generation (Yamashita et al., 2020). The beam window through which the proton beam penetrates is extremely hot. In order to cool the beam window, a coolant jet impinges the beam window. In the ADS, the beam window is suspended in the system. Therefore, the impinging jet may vibrate the beam window. To investigate the vibration behavior of the beam window due to the jet impinging, an experiment was conducted by the simple experimental apparatus with the suspended rod and the impinging jet, as a basic study.



堀口 直樹

日本原子力学会熱流動部会ニュースレター(インターネット), (101), p.9 - 10, 2022/09



Experimental study of liquid spreading and atomization due to jet impingement in liquid-liquid systems

山村 聡太*; 藤原 広太*; 本田 恒太*; 吉田 啓之; 堀口 直樹; 金子 暁子*; 阿部 豊*

Physics of Fluids, 34(8), p.082110_1 - 082110_13, 2022/08

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:0.01(Mechanics)



Numerical simulation of annular dispersed flow in simplified subchannel of light water cooled fast reactor RBWR

吉田 啓之; 堀口 直樹; 小野 綾子; 古市 肇*; 上遠野 健一*

Proceedings of 29th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE 29) (Internet), 7 Pages, 2022/08

About the boiling transition (BT) that determines the maximum thermal output of the BWR, it is considered that the spacers have significant effects on the occurrence of BT. And occurrence conditions of BT can be changed by devising the spacer shapes. In the light water cooled fast reactor: RBWR, thermal-hydraulics conditions are more severe than the current BWR. Then, the effect of the spacer on BT should be sufficiently utilized in the RBWR. In the thermal-hydraulics design for the current BWR, large-scale tests were carried out and used to evaluate BT conditions. The RBWR is still in the design stage, and there is room to be changed to many parameters. Then, it is not reasonable to determine the shape of the spacer by evaluation only for large-scale tests. On the other hand, by applying a two-phase CFD method with remarkable development in recent years, we can develop a model that can predict the effect of spacers mechanistically. This research used the detailed two-phase flow simulation code TPFIT developed by JAEA to simulate annular dispersed flow in RBWR subchannels. In the occurrence of BT, it is considered that the two-phase flow pattern is the annular dispersed flow, and we want to evaluate the effects of spacer shape on annular dispersed flow in RBWR subchannels. As the first step of this research, we performed numerical simulations of annular dispersed flow in the simplified subchannel of RBWR. We used a circular tube with the same hydraulic diameter as the RBWR subchannel to consider the basic effects of spacer on the annular dispersed flow. As a simulation parameter, we choose the existence of the spacer. The spacer used in the simulation has a simplified shape and the same blockage ratio as the RBWR. In this paper, we describe the result of numerical simulation. We evaluated droplets' size and velocity based on simulation results for the spacer's existence and non-existence cases.


Development of dispersed phase tracking method for time-series 3-dimensional interface shape data

堀口 直樹; 吉田 啓之; 山村 聡太*; 藤原 広太*; 金子 暁子*; 阿部 豊*

Proceedings of 19th International Topical Meeting on Nuclear Reactor Thermal Hydraulics (NURETH-19) (Internet), 14 Pages, 2022/03

In severe accidents of nuclear reactors, molten fuel and structural materials leak out of the pressure vessel into the water pool on the pedestal floor. If the water pool is shallow, the molten material enters the shallow pool as a liquid jet, disperses as debris, spreads over the floor, and it cooled by fuel-coolant interaction (FCI). Numerical simulations and experiments with state-of-the-art visualization techniques are developed and used to consider the thermal-hydraulic behavior of the liquid jet as a debris jet. By performing these simulations and experiments, we obtain detailed 3-dimensional shapes of the liquid jet interfaces. However, to evaluate the thermal-hydraulic behavior of the liquid jet, we require not only 3-dimensional shapes but also the velocity and size of dispersed liquid. We have developed a dispersed phase tracking method by using time-series data of 3-dimensional shapes of the melt interface obtained by numerical simulations or experiments to obtain these data. Firstly, we verified the applicability of the developed method by applying a simple system. Next, we applied the method to the numerical results of a liquid jet entering a shallow pool by TPFIT. The results show that the liquid jet entering the shallow pool reproduces the dispersion behavior of the fragments. The generated fragments were quantitively confirmed to have curved and rotational trajectories with complex nonlinear motions. In the relationship between the volume equivalent diameter of the fragments and the magnitude of velocity, it was confirmed that the larger the equivalent diameter, the smaller the velocity fluctuation.


「廃炉・汚染水対策事業費補助金(燃料デブリの分析精度の向上及び熱挙動の推定のための技術開発)」に係る補助事業; 2020年度最終報告

小山 真一; 中桐 俊男; 逢坂 正彦; 吉田 啓之; 倉田 正輝; 池内 宏知; 前田 宏治; 佐々木 新治; 大西 貴士; 高野 公秀; et al.

廃炉・汚染水対策事業事務局ホームページ(インターネット), 144 Pages, 2021/08



Interaction between caesium iodide particles and gaseous boric acid in a flowing system through a thermal gradient tube (1030 K-450 K) and analysis with ASTEC/SOPHAEROS

Gou$"e$llo, M.*; Hokkinen, M.*; 鈴木 恵理子; 堀口 直樹; Barrachin, M.*; Cousin, F.*

Progress in Nuclear Energy, 138, p.103818_1 - 103818_10, 2021/08

 被引用回数:2 パーセンタイル:48.75(Nuclear Science & Technology)

1023Kから453Kの温度勾配管中のヨウ化セシウム粒子の移行挙動に関するデータを取得した。まず、アルゴン(Ar)と水蒸気(H$$_{2}$$O)で構成される層流条件下にてヨウ化セシウム粒子を温度勾配管中に流し、沈着量を調べた結果、低流速、高蒸気濃度であるほどより多くの粒子が沈着することが分かった。次に、雰囲気の異なる三種類の混合ガス(Ar/H$$_{2}$$O, Ar/H$$_{2}$$, Ar/Air)を流すことで沈着した粒子の再蒸発および/または再浮遊の有無を調べた結果、Ar/H$$_{2}$$OとAr/H$$_{2}$$条件では沈着したものと同等の粒径の粒子が再浮遊する一方で、Ar/Air条件ではより大きな粒子が再浮遊することが分かった。実験結果をASTECコードのSOPHAEROSモジュールを用いて解析した結果、沈着挙動は解析結果と一致するものの、再浮遊挙動は再現できなかった。


Experimental study on transport behavior of cesium iodide in the reactor coolant system under LWR severe accident conditions

宮原 直哉; 三輪 周平; Gou$"e$llo, M.*; 井元 純平; 堀口 直樹; 佐藤 勇*; 逢坂 正彦

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 57(12), p.1287 - 1296, 2020/12

 被引用回数:4 パーセンタイル:55.75(Nuclear Science & Technology)



Numerical simulation of liquid jet behavior in shallow pool by interface tracking method

鈴木 貴行*; 吉田 啓之; 堀口 直樹; 山村 聡太*; 阿部 豊*

Proceedings of 2020 International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE 2020) (Internet), 7 Pages, 2020/08

In the severe accident (SA) of nuclear reactors, fuel and components melt, and melted materials fall to a lower part of a reactor vessel. In the lower part of a reactor vessel, in some sections of the SAs, it is considered that there is a water pool. Then, the melted core materials fall into a water pool in the lower plenum as a jet. The molten material jet is broken up, and heat transfer between molten material and coolant may occur. This process is called a fuel-coolant interaction (FCI). FCI is one of the important phenomena to consider the coolability and distribution of core materials. In this study, the numerical simulation of jet breakup phenomena with a shallow pool was performed by using the developed method (TPFIT). We try to understand the hydrodynamic interaction under various, such as penetration, reach to the bottom, spread, accumulation of the molten material jet. Also, we evaluated a detailed jet spread behavior and examined the influence of lattice resolution and the contact angle. Furthermore, the diameters of atomized droplets were evaluated by using numerical simulation data.


Development of fission product chemistry database ECUME for the LWR severe accident

三輪 周平; 中島 邦久; 宮原 直哉; 西岡 俊一郎; 鈴木 恵理子; 堀口 直樹; Liu, J.; Miradji, F.; 井元 純平; Afiqa, B. M.; et al.

Mechanical Engineering Journal (Internet), 7(3), p.19-00537_1 - 19-00537_11, 2020/06



Development of fission product chemistry database ECUME for the LWR severe accident

三輪 周平; 宮原 直哉; 中島 邦久; 西岡 俊一郎; 鈴木 恵理子; 堀口 直樹; Liu, J.; Miradji, F.; 井元 純平; Afiqa, B. M.; et al.

Proceedings of 27th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE-27) (Internet), 8 Pages, 2019/05



Development of evaluation method for aerosol particle deposition in a reactor building based on CFD

堀口 直樹; 宮原 直哉; 上澤 伸一郎; 吉田 啓之; 逢坂 正彦

Proceedings of 27th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE-27) (Internet), 8 Pages, 2019/05



Observation of aerosol particle behavior near gas-liquid interface

上澤 伸一郎; 宮原 直哉; 堀口 直樹; 吉田 啓之; 逢坂 正彦

Proceedings of 27th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE-27) (Internet), 5 Pages, 2019/05

Air pollution control equipment with spraying liquid in aerosol is used in severe accidents of nuclear power plants to remove radioactive aerosol particles. The removal performance of the equipment has been confirmed based on actual-scale tests. However, unexpected situations may happen in severe accidents due to large-scale disasters. We have developed a numerical analysis method for evaluating radioactive aerosol particle removal performance to optimize the performance and the design. As a part of the development of the numerical analysis, in order to grasp the capturing mechanism of the aerosol particle deposition on a gas-liquid interface, we performed a direct observation of aerosol particle behavior on the gas-liquid interface. As the capturing mechanism on the gas-liquid interface, the particle penetration into liquid, the deposition on the gas-liquid interface and the deposition on the interface after moving to slide on the interface were confirmed in the experiment. In addition, the observation result indicated that the penetration was observed with the higher Stokes number and the deposition was observed with the lower Stokes number. However, for the lower Stokes number, the case where particles were not captured on the gas-liquid interface was also confirmed. Thus, the Stokes number is one of the important parameters for the aerosol particle capturing by gas-liquid interface.


Visualized measurement of extremely high-speed droplets in Venturi scrubber

堀口 直樹; 吉田 啓之; 阿部 豊*

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 56(3), p.278 - 290, 2019/03

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:0.01(Nuclear Science & Technology)



Chemical reaction kinetics dataset of Cs-I-B-Mo-O-H system for evaluation of fission product chemistry under LWR severe accident conditions

宮原 直哉; 三輪 周平; 堀口 直樹; 佐藤 勇*; 逢坂 正彦

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 56(2), p.228 - 240, 2019/02

 被引用回数:7 パーセンタイル:69.27(Nuclear Science & Technology)



Development of numerical simulation method for small particles behavior in two-phase flow by combining interface and Lagrangian particle tracking methods

吉田 啓之; 上澤 伸一郎; 堀口 直樹; 宮原 直哉; 小瀬 裕男*

Proceedings of 11th Korea-Japan Symposium on Nuclear Thermal Hydraulics and Safety (NTHAS-11) (Internet), 6 Pages, 2018/11

The radioactive aerosol removal equipment is used as one of the safety systems of nuclear reactors. In this equipment, micro particles of aerosol remove through gas-liquid interfaces of two-phase flow. The mechanism related to the removal of micro particles through the gas-liquid interface is not clear, a numerical evaluation method of performance of aerosol removal equipment is not realized. Then, we have started to construct a numerical simulation method to simulate removal of micro particles through gas-liquid interfaces. In this simulation method, detailed two-phase flow simulation code TPFIT is used as the basis of this method. TPFIT adopts an advanced interface tracking method and can simulate interface movement and deformation directly. In addition, to simulate the movement of particles, the Lagrangian particle tracking method is incorporated. By combining the interface tracking method and the Lagrangian particle tracking method, the interaction between interfaces and micro particles can be simulated in detail. To solve the Lagrangian equations of particles, fluid properties and fluid velocity surrounding aerosol particles are evaluated by considering the relative position of particles and gas-liquid interface, to simulate particle movement near the interface. In this paper, outline and preliminary results of this simulation method are shown.


Measurement of water-steam flow behavior and pressure distribution in venturi scrubber

上澤 伸一郎; 堀口 直樹; 鈴木 貴行*; 柴田 光彦; 吉田 啓之

Proceedings of 12th International Topical Meeting on Nuclear Reactor Thermal-Hydraulics, Operation and Safety (NUTHOS-12) (USB Flash Drive), 11 Pages, 2018/10

A venturi scrubber is one of the filtered venting systems and removes fuel productions (FPs) by spraying with the scrubbing water by self-priming. The FPs removal performance of the system was confirmed by various tests. However, the flow pattern of the water-steam two-phase flow and pressure distributions in the venturi scrubber which is one of the most important factors for the removal performance has not been experimentally clarified. In this study, water-steam flow behavior and pressure distributions in a single venturi scrubber were measured. The experiment resulted in the scrubbing water decreased with increasing the steam throat velocity with the increase of the throat pressure. On the lower steam velocity conditions, spray was generated from the wavy of the water column ejected from the water supply pores. The water film was generated with the increase of even higher velocity. The pressures for each position in the venturi nozzle were almost the same and approximately 100 kPa in the self-priming mode. On the scrubbing water stop condition, the pressure was higher at the throat than the water head pressure and negative pressure at the downstream of the throat. The result indicate that the scrubbing water can be supplied at this position on the decrease and the stop conditions of the supplied scrubbing water with the high steam velocity.



吉田 啓之; 上澤 伸一郎; 堀口 直樹; 宮原 直哉; 小瀬 裕男*

第23回動力・エネルギー技術シンポジウム講演論文集(USB Flash Drive), 5 Pages, 2018/06




上澤 伸一郎; 堀口 直樹; 宮原 直哉; 吉田 啓之

第23回動力・エネルギー技術シンポジウム講演論文集(USB Flash Drive), 5 Pages, 2018/06


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