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Evidence for spin singlet pairing with strong uniaxial anisotropy in URu$$_2$$Si$$_2$$ using nuclear magnetic resonance

核磁気共鳴法によるURu$$_2$$Si$$_2$$における非常に強い一軸異方性を持ったスピン一重項対の証明

服部 泰佑; 酒井 宏典; 徳永 陽; 神戸 振作; 松田 達磨*; 芳賀 芳範

Hattori, Taisuke; Sakai, Hironori; Tokunaga, Yo; Kambe, Shinsaku; Matsuda, Tatsuma*; Haga, Yoshinori

In order to identify the spin contribution to superconducting pairing compatible with the so-called "hidden order", $$^{29}$$Si nuclear magnetic resonance measurements have been performed using a high-quality single crystal of URu$$_2$$Si$$_2$$. A clear reduction of the $$^{29}$$Si Knight shift in the superconducting state has been observed under magnetic field applied along the crystalline $$c$$ axis, corresponding to the magnetic easy axis. These results provide direct evidence for the formation of spin-singlet Cooper pairs. Consequently, results indicating a very tiny change of in-plane Knight shift reported previously demonstrate extreme uniaxial anisotropy for the spin susceptibility in the hidden order state.

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パーセンタイル:29.91

分野:Physics, Multidisciplinary

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