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Experimental investigation of Post-BT heat transfer and rewetting phenomena

沸騰遷移後熱伝達とリウェット挙動に関する実験的研究

佐藤 聡; 和田 裕貴; Le, T. D.; 柴本 泰照; 与能本 泰介

Satou, Akira; Wada, Yuki; Le, T. D.; Shibamoto, Yasuteru; Yonomoto, Taisuke

本研究では、Post-BT熱伝達、液滴伝達率およびリウェット挙動を取得するため、BWRのAOOを模擬した条件において実験を行った。熱伝導方程式を解析的に解くことでリウェット挙動を調査し、リウェット速度、壁面温度および先行冷却と濡れ領域における熱伝達率の間の関係を把握した。さらに、Post-BT熱伝達とリウェット挙動へのスペーサ効果を調べるため、ATWS模擬条件において丸セル模擬スペーサを設置した実験を行った。これにより熱伝達率がモデルによる予測よりも増加すること、また低圧、高質量流束条件においてリウェット速度が増加することが示された。一連の実験を通して先行冷却が重要な役割を果たしていると考えられることから、先行冷却に着目した新しい実験を行い、リウェットフロント周辺の液膜と液滴の挙動が先行冷却メカニズムに与える影響を調べた。

Experiments were performed under the condition of AOO for BWRs to obtain Post-BT heat transfer rate, deposition rates of liquid droplets, and the rewetting behavior after the core dryout. Rewetting behavior was analytically investigated and a relation among the rewetting velocity, the hot wall temperature, and the heat transfer rates in the precursory cooling and wetted regions were obtained. In addition, experiments simulating the condition of ATWS were newly performed with simulated ferrule spacers especially to investigate the spacer effect. It was found that the heat transfer rates were enhanced by the spacers, which were compared with existing prediction models for the validation. The spacers also appeared to increase the rewetting velocity slightly. Since the precursory cooling was found to play an important role on the rewetting behavior through the series of prior experiments, new experiments are conducted focusing on the precursory cooling. In those experiments, the behaviors of liquid film and droplets around the rewetting front were observed to investigate the mechanism of the precursory cooling.

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