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Strong correlation between ferromagnetic superconductivity and pressure-enhanced ferromagnetic fluctuations in UGe$$_2$$

強磁性超伝導物質UGe$$_2$$における超伝導と圧力誘起強磁性ゆらぎの強い相関

立岩 尚之; 芳賀 芳範; 山本 悦嗣

Tateiwa, Naoyuki; Haga, Yoshinori; Yamamoto, Etsuji

ウラン系強磁性超伝導物質UGe$$_2$$の高圧下磁化測定を行い、データをTakahashiによるスピンのゆらぎ理論を用いて解析した。強磁性相FM1とFM2の相境界$$P_x$$で、スピンゆらぎスペクトルの分布幅$$T_0$$に明確な異常が現れた。$$P_x$$では、超伝導転移温度$$T_{rm sc}$$が最大値を示す。このことは、$$P_x$$近辺で発達する強磁性スピンのゆらぎが超伝導出現に役割を果たすことを示唆する。また、パラメーター$${T_{rm Curie}}/{T_0}$$(ここで、$${T_{rm Curie}}$$は強磁性転移温度)の圧力変化から、局在性の強いFM2から遍歴性の強いFM1へ基底状態は転移することが示唆された。$$T_0$$$$T_{rm sc}$$の関係について、銅酸化物超伝導体等、他の超伝導物質と議論された。

We have measured magnetization at high pressure in the uranium ferromagnetic superconductor UGe$$_2$$ and analyzed the magnetic data using Takahashi's spin fluctuation theory. There is a peak in the pressure dependence of the width of the spin fluctuation spectrum in the energy space $$T_0$$ at $$P_x$$, the phase boundary of FM1 and FM2 where the superconducting transition temperature $$T_{rm sc}$$ is highest. This suggests a clear correlation between the superconductivity and pressure-enhanced magnetic fluctuations developed at $$P_x$$. The pressure effect on $${T_{rm Curie}}/{T_0}$$, where $${T_{rm Curie}}$$ is the Curie temperature, suggests that the less itinerant ferromagnetic state FM2 is changed to a more itinerant one FM1 across $$P_x$$. Peculiar features in relations between $$T_0$$ and $$T_{rm sc}$$ in uranium ferromagnetic superconductors UGe$$_2$$, URhGe and UCoGe are discussed in comparison with those in high-$$T_c$$ cuprate and heavy fermion superconductors.

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パーセンタイル:100

分野:Physics, Multidisciplinary

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