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自然放射性核種を含む廃棄物の放射線防護に関する専門研究会の活動報告

Activity report of the task group of radiation protection about wastes containing natural radioactive nuclides

齋藤 龍郎; 小林 愼一*; 財津 知久*; 下 道國*; 麓 弘道*

Saito, Tatsuo; Kobayashi, Shinichi*; Zaitsu, Tomohisa*; Shimo, Michikuni*; Fumoto, Hiromichi*

ウラン廃棄物およびウランを含む鉱さい等廃棄物処分安全の考え方は、まだ完全には確立されていない。その理由は、子孫核種の放射能が蓄積し、数十万年以後に線量のピークが生じるウラン安全性評価の不確実性と、遠い将来発生するラドンによる被ばくである。我々「自然放射性核種を含む廃棄物の放射線防護に関する専門研究会」は、ウラン含有廃棄物と鉱さい等廃棄物に含まれる核種、U-235, U-238とその子孫の処分に関する安全事例を研究し、ICRPやIAEAなどの国際機関の考え方と比較しながら、処分の現状を総括的に議論し、不確実性及びラドン被ばくの取り組むべき重要な問題を提言した。

Safety cases for disposal of uranium bearing waste and NORM with uranium has not yet been fully developed in Japan, because of safety assessment of extraordinary long timespan and uncertainty in unexpected incidents with uncompleted radon impact evaluation measures arising from uranium waste disposal facility in far future. Our task group of radiation protection for wastes with natural radioactive nuclides studied some safety cases with disposal of uranium bearing waste and NORM in terms of nuclides, U-235, U-238 and their progenies, and comprehensively discussed the current state of their disposal in comparison to the ideas of international organizations such as ICRP and IAEA. We developed our ideas for long term uncertainty and radon with the knowledge of experts in each related area of direction, repeating discussions, focusing out the orientation of each directions, and outlined the recommendations with our suggestions of solving important issues in the future to be addressed.

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