検索対象:     
報告書番号:
※ 半角英数字
 年 ~ 
 年

Initial decrease in the ambient dose equivalent rate after the Fukushima accident and its difference from Chernobyl

福島第一原子力発電所事故後の2011年における空間線量率の初期の減少とチェルノブイリとの比較

吉村 和也; 三枝 純; 眞田 幸尚  

Yoshimura, Kazuya; Saegusa, Jun; Sanada, Yukihisa

The initial decrease in the ambient dose equivalent rate (air dose rate) in 2011 after the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant accident was studied using in-situ monitoring data obtained from March 16, 2011. The air dose rate showed a rapid decrease during the first 0.05 years followed by slow decrease, and the decrease was represented by combining two exponential functions. The air dose rate obtained in the area dominated by paved surfaces and buildings showed a quicker decrease than the unpaved-dominant field. The decrease in the air dose rate was facilitated in residential areas compared to the evacuation zone. These results suggest that urbanized areas and human activities could reduce external exposure of local residents. Comparison of decrease rates between this study and the simulations based on the parameters obtained in Europe suggests that radionuclide migration such as penetration into the soil and horizontal migration in Fukushima were smaller than those in Europe.

Access

:

- Accesses

InCites™

:

Altmetrics

:

[CLARIVATE ANALYTICS], [WEB OF SCIENCE], [HIGHLY CITED PAPER & CUP LOGO] and [HOT PAPER & FIRE LOGO] are trademarks of Clarivate Analytics, and/or its affiliated company or companies, and used herein by permission and/or license.