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Review of Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station debris endstate location in OECD/NEA preparatory study on analysis of fuel debris (PreADES) project

OECD/NEA preparatory study on analysis of fuel debris (PreADES)プロジェクトにおける福島第一原子力発電所の燃料デブリに関する最終状態位置のレビュー

仲吉 彬 ; Rempe, J. L.*; Barrachin, M.*; Bottomley, D.; Jacquemain, D.*; Journeau, C.*; Krasnov, V.; Lind, T.*; Lee, R.*; Marksberry, D.*; 溝上 伸也*; Morreale, A.*; Peko, D.*; Pellegrini, M.*; Song, J. H.*

Nakayoshi, Akira; Rempe, J. L.*; Barrachin, M.*; Bottomley, D.; Jacquemain, D.*; Journeau, C.*; Krasnov, V.; Lind, T.*; Lee, R.*; Marksberry, D.*; Mizokami, Shinya*; Morreale, A.*; Peko, D.*; Pellegrini, M.*; Song, J. H.*

福島第一原子力発電所(1F)の各ユニットの燃料デブリの最終状態位置については、まだ多くは不明である。不確実性の低減に向けた最初のステップとして、OECD/NEAは、燃料デブリ分析予備的考察(PreADES)プロジェクトが立ち上げた。PreADESプロジェクトのタスク1の一環として、関連情報をレビューし、燃料デブリの状態の推定図の正確さを確認した。これは、将来の燃料デブリの分析を提案するための基礎となる。具体的にタスク1では2つのアクティビティを実施した。第一に、1Fでの廃止措置活動に資するTMI-2とチェルノブイリ原子力発電所4号機での重大事故の関連知識、プロトタイプ試験とホットセル試験の結果の知見を収集した。第二に、プラント情報とBSAFプロジェクトのシビアアクシデントコード分析からの関連知識が組み込まれている1F燃料デブリの原子炉内の状態に関する現状の推定図を見直した。この報告は、PreADESプロジェクトのタスク1の洞察に焦点を当て、1Fの将来の除染および廃止措置活動に情報を提供するだけでなく、シビアアクシデント研究、特にシビアアクシデントにより損傷した原子力サイトの長期管理に関する重要な視点を提供する。

Much is still not known about the end-state of core materials in each of the units at Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station (Daiichi) that were operating on March 11, 2011. The Nuclear Energy Agency of the Organization for Economic Development has launched the Preparatory Study on Analysis of Fuel Debris (PreADES) project as a first step to reduce some of these uncertainties. As part of the PreADES Task 1, relevant information was reviewed to confirm the accuracy of graphical depictions of the debris endstates at the damaged Daiichi units, which provides a basis for suggesting future debris examinations. Two activities have been completed within the PreADES Task 1. First, relevant knowledge from severe accidents at the Three Mile Island Unit 2 and the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant Unit 4 was reviewed, along with results from prototypic tests and hot cell examinations, to glean insights that may inform future decommissioning activities at Daiichi. Second, the current debris endstate diagrams for the damaged reactors at Daiichi were reviewed to confirm that they incorporate relevant knowledge from plant observations and from severe accident code analyses of the BSAF (Benchmark Study of the Accident at Daiichi Nuclear Power Station) 1 and 2 projects. This paper highlights Task 1 insights, which have the potential to not only inform future Decontamination and Decommissioning activities at Daiichi, but also provide important perspectives for severe accident analyses and management, particularly regarding the long term management of a damaged nuclear site following a severe accident.

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分野:Nuclear Science & Technology

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