Hydrogen absorption and desorption on Rh nanoparticles revealed by dispersive X-ray absorption fine structure spectroscopy
Song, C.*; Seo, O.*; 松村 大樹 ; 廣井 慧*; Cui, Y.-T.*; Kim, J.*; Chen, Y.*; Tayal, A.*; 草田 康平*; 小林 浩和*; 北川 宏*; 坂田 修身*
Song, C.*; Seo, O.*; Matsumura, Daiju; Hiroi, Satoshi*; Cui, Y.-T.*; Kim, J.*; Chen, Y.*; Tayal, A.*; Kusada, Kohei*; Kobayashi, Hirokazu*; Kitagawa, Hiroshi*; Sakata, Osami*
To unveil the origin of the hydrogen-storage properties of rhodium nanoparticles (Rh NPs), we investigated the dynamical structural change of Rh NPs using dispersive X-ray absorption fine structure spectroscopy (XAFS). The variation of the Rh-Rh interatomic distance and Debye-Waller factor of Rh NPs with a size of 4.0 and 10.5 nm during hydrogen absorption and desorption suggested that they have a different mechanism for hydrogen absorption, which is that the hydrogen absorption on the inner site has a greater contribution than that on a surface for Rh 4.0 nm. In the case of Rh 10.5 nm, it is opposed to Rh 4.0 nm. This study demonstrates a powerful XAFS method for observing small local structural changes of metal nanoparticles and its importance for understanding of the hydrogen-absorption properties of Rh NPs with an interesting hydrogenation mechanism.