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Density functional theory study on the $$^{193}$$Ir M$"o$ssbauer spectroscopic parameters of Vaska's complexes and their oxidative adducts

密度汎関数計算を用いたVaska錯体と酸化付加体の$$^{193}$$Irメスバウアー分光パラメータの研究

金子 政志 ; 中島 覚*

Kaneko, Masashi; Nakashima, Satoru*

高レベル放射性廃液中で観測されている白金族元素と水素との反応の理解に向けて、本研究では、水素と酸化的付加反応を起こす代表的な錯体であるVaska錯体${it trans}$-[IrCl(CO)(PPh$$_{3}$$)$$_{2}$$]とその酸化付加体${it trans}$-[IrCl(YZ)(CO))(PPh$$_{3}$$)$$_{2}$$]に着目し、密度汎関数(DFT)計算を用いて$$^{193}$$Irメスバウアー分光パラメータの報告値と電子状態を相関づけた。DFT計算によるIr錯体の安定構造や$$^{193}$$Irメスバウアー異性体シフトの再現性を確認した後、Vaska錯体と酸化付加体のメスバウアー分光パラメータの計算を行った。結合解析によって、メスバウアー異性体シフトの傾向が、配位結合における共有結合の強弱と相関づけられることが明らかになった。また、電場勾配(EFG)の解析によって、EFG主軸の符号がYZ=Cl$$_{2}$$付加体とYZ=H$$_{2}$$付加体で逆転していることが分かり、状態密度解析から、IrとYZとの配位結合における電子密度分布の違いが、EFG主軸の符号逆転の原因であることが示唆された。

In the present study, density functional theory (DFT) calculation was applied to Vaska's complexes of formula ${it trans}$-[IrCl(CO)(PPh$$_{3}$$)$$_{2}$$], and their oxidative adducts with small molecules (YZ) including H$$_{2}$$, i.e., ${it trans}$-[IrCl(YZ)(CO))(PPh$$_{3}$$)$$_{2}$$], to successfully correlate the electronic states of the complexes with the corresponding $$^{193}$$Ir M$"o$ssbauer spectroscopic parameters. After confirming the reproducibility of the DFT methods for elucidating the equilibrium structures and $$^{193}$$Ir M$"o$ssbauer isomer shifts of the octahedral Ir complexes, the isomer shifts and quadrupole splitting values of Vaska's complexes and their oxidative adducts were calculated. A bond critical point analysis revealed that the tendency in the isomer shifts was correlated with the strength of the covalent interaction in the coordination bonds. In an electric field gradient (EFG) analysis of the oxidative adducts, the sign of the principal axis was found to be positive for the complex with YZ = Cl$$_{2}$$ and negative for the complex with YZ = H$$_{2}$$. This reversal of the sign of the EFG principal axis was caused by the difference in the electron density distribution for the coordination bonds between Ir and YZ, according to a density of states analysis.

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