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Benchmarking study on probabilistic fracture mechanics analysis codes xLPR and PASCAL-SP considering primary water stress corrosion cracking

確率論的破壊力学解析コードPASCAL-SPとxLPRに関する加圧水型原子炉の一次系水質環境中応力腐食割れを考慮したベンチマーク解析

真野 晃宏 ; 勝山 仁哉 ; Li, Y. 

Mano, Akihiro; Katsuyama, Jinya; Li, Y.

確率論的破壊力学(PFM)解析は、様々な影響因子に固有の不確実さを確率分布として考慮し、機器の破損確率を定量的に評価できるため、原子炉機器の構造健全性評価のより合理的な手法として期待される。原子力機構(JAEA)では、加圧水型原子炉と沸騰水型原子炉の両環境における応力腐食割れや疲労等の経年劣化事象による配管の破損確率を評価可能なPFM解析コードPASCAL-SPの開発を進めている。本解析コードの検証活動の一環として、米国原子力規制委員会(NRC)と米国電力研究所が共同で開発したPFM解析コードxLPRとの間でベンチマーク解析を実施した。本ベンチマーク解析は、加圧水型原子炉サージラインの異材溶接継手における加圧水型原子炉一次系水質環境中応力腐食割れに関する決定論的及び確率論的な解析から構成され、共通の解析条件の下でNRCとJAEAにより独立に実施された。本論文では、本ベンチマーク解析の条件を説明するとともに、PASCAL-SPとxLPRから得られた解析結果を示す。両解析コードから得られた結果が、決定論的解析及び確率論的解析の両方で良く一致したことから、PASCAL-SPの信頼性が向上したと結論付けた。

Probabilistic fracture mechanics (PFM) is expected as a more rational methodology for the structural integrity assessments of nuclear power components because it can consider the inherent probabilistic distributions of various influencing factors and quantitatively evaluate the failure probabilities of the components. The Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) has developed a PFM analysis code, PASCAL-SP, to evaluate the failure probabilities of piping caused by aging degradation mechanisms, such as fatigue and stress corrosion cracking in the environments of both pressurized water and boiling water reactors. To improve confidence in the analysis results obtained from PASCAL-SP, a benchmarking study was conducted together with the PFM analysis code, xLPR, which was developed jointly by the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) and the Electric Power Research Institute. The benchmarking study was composed of deterministic and probabilistic analyses related to primary water stress corrosion cracking in a dissimilar metal weld joint in a pressurized water reactor surge line. The analyses were conducted independently by NRC staff and JAEA using their own codes and under common analysis conditions. In the present paper, the analysis conditions for the deterministic and probabilistic analyses are described in detail, and the analysis results obtained from the xLPR and PASCAL-SP codes are presented. It was confirmed that the analysis results obtained from the two codes were in good agreement.

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