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Distribution, dynamics, and fate of radiocesium derived from FDNPP accident in the ocean

福島第一原発事故由来の放射性物質の海洋中での分布,動態,輸送経路について

乙坂 重嘉* ; 上平 雄基  ; 池之上 翼 ; 川村 英之 

Otosaka, Shigeyoshi*; Kamidaira, Yuki; Ikenoue, Tsubasa; Kawamura, Hideyuki

福島第一原子力発電所(FDNPP)の事故後、様々な観点から多くの海洋観測、シミュレーションによる事故起源放射性核種の動態研究が行われた。事故由来の放射性核種の海洋への輸送過程には、(1)海洋への直接排出、(2)大気を経由した海洋への沈着、(3)陸面に沈着した後の河川からの流入がある。主要な事故由来放射性核種の一つであるCs-137($$^{137}$$Cs)の場合、事故直後の海洋への供給量(8-21PBq)のほとんどが(1)と(2)のプロセスによるものと推定されている。海底に蓄積された$$^{137}$$Csの量は、海洋に運ばれた量の約1%(0.2PBq)に過ぎないが、沿岸部の堆積物に長期間残留し、徐々に海水や海底付近の生態系に移行すると考えられる。

After the accident at Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant (FDNPP), many oceanographic observations were carried out from various perspectives. Numerical simulations were also effectively applied to understand the distribution of radionunclides. By integrating these results, the dynamics of the accident-derived radionuclides in the ocean were highlighted. The transport processes of the accident-derived radionuclides to the ocean include (1) direct discharge to the ocean, (2) deposition in the ocean via the atmosphere, and (3) inflow from rivers after deposition to the land surface. In the case of $$^{137}$$Cs, one of major accident-derived radionuclides, most of the supply to the ocean immediately after the accident (8-21 PBq) was estimated to be due to processes (1) and (2). The amount of $$^{137}$$Cs accumulated on the seafloor is only about 1% (0.2PBq) of the amount carried to the ocean, but it remains in the sediments in the coastal area for a long period of time and gradually migrates to the seawater and ecosystems near the seafloor.

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