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Cesium chemistry in the LWR severe accident and towards the decommissioning of Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station

LWRシビアアクシデント時及び福島第一原子力発電所廃炉に向けてのセシウム化学

逢坂 正彦  ; Gou$"e$llo, M.*; 中島 邦久  

Osaka, Masahiko; Gou$"e$llo, M.*; Nakajima, Kunihisa

事故時及び長期間の2つの期間のソースタームにおけるセシウム化学について、福島第一原子力発電所(1F)事故後に行われたFP化学研究のレビューを行った。事故時についてはCsのMo, B, Siとの化学反応について、また1F固有の水相を介した長期についてはCsのコンクリートへの浸透及び燃料デブリの浸出挙動について、関連する熱力学データ整備状況とともに調べた。これらのCs化学挙動は近い将来取出し予定の燃料デブリ等1Fサンプルの分析及び評価を通して検証されるべきである。

Research on the fission product chemistry made after the severe accident of the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station were reviewed with focus on the Cesium chemistry in terms of two regimes, namely the accidental source term and the long-term source term via aqueous phase towards the decommissioning. For the accidental source term, Cs chemical interaction with Mo, B and Si were reviewed. Regarding the unique issue of long-term source term via aqueous phase, Cs penetration into concrete and fuel debris leaching were mentioned as the main sources of FPs. Efforts on the preparation of thermodynamic data for the Cs complex oxides were described. All these Cs chemical behaviors should be modelled and validated/verified through the analysis and evaluation of the actual samples including fuel debris that would be taken from the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station in near future.

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分野:Nuclear Science & Technology

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