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Chemical interaction between Sr vapor species and nuclear reactor core structure

Mohamad, A. B.; 中島 邦久; 三輪 周平; 逢坂 正彦

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 60(3), p.215 - 222, 2023/03

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:0.01(Nuclear Science & Technology)

The distribution of Sr in the reactor would be influenced by a chemical reaction of Sr vapor species with a structural material of internal reactor and fuel cladding materials; stainless steel (SS) or Zircaloy (Zry) cladding during 1F-NPS accident. The chemical interaction between Sr-Zry and Sr-SS has been described. The reaction tests have been performed to investigate the chemical interaction behavior under possible severe accident conditions. The tests have been conducted up to 1523 K under steam atmosphere. It was confirmed that Sr-Zr-O and Sr-Si-O compounds were formed through 2 kinds chemical interactions; gas-solid reaction and liquid-solid reaction. The gas and liquid species of Sr in a good contact with the solid Zry and SS to form Sr-Zr-O and Sr-Si-O compounds, respectively. Sr was deposited onto the Zry and SS surfaces and lead to the formation of reaction product. Thus, this study highlights the possibility that Sr was deposited and retained in the core structure where the temperature was elevated during the accident in the 1F-NPS.


Estimation of temporal variation of tritium inventory discharged from the port of Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant; Analysis of the temporal variation and comparison with released tritium inventories from Japan and world major nuclear facilities

町田 昌彦; 岩田 亜矢子; 山田 進; 乙坂 重嘉*; 小林 卓也; 船坂 英之*; 森田 貴己*

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 60(3), p.258 - 276, 2023/03

 被引用回数:1 パーセンタイル:49.42(Nuclear Science & Technology)



福島前面海域におけるトリチウム存在量の推定とその経時変化; 福島沿岸および沖合のトリチウム存在量と1F貯留量および年間放出管理量との比較

町田 昌彦; 岩田 亜矢子; 山田 進; 乙坂 重嘉*; 小林 卓也; 船坂 英之*; 森田 貴己*

日本原子力学会和文論文誌(インターネット), 22(1), p.12 - 24, 2023/01




池内 宏知; 小山 真一; 逢坂 正彦; 高野 公秀; 中村 聡志; 小野澤 淳; 佐々木 新治; 大西 貴士; 前田 宏治; 桐島 陽*; et al.

JAEA-Technology 2022-021, 224 Pages, 2022/10




High-temperature gaseous reaction of cesium with siliceous thermal insulation; The Potential implication to the provenance of enigmatic Fukushima cesium-bearing material

Rizaal, M.; 中島 邦久; 斉藤 拓巳*; 逢坂 正彦; 岡本 孝司*

ACS Omega (Internet), 7(33), p.29326 - 29336, 2022/08

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:0(Chemistry, Multidisciplinary)

Here we report an investigation of the gas-solid reaction between cesium hydroxide (CsOH) and siliceous (calcium silicate) thermal insulation at high temperature, which was postulated as the origin for the formation mechanism of cesium-bearing material emitted from the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant. A developed reaction furnace consisting of two heating compartments was used to study the reaction at temperatures of 873, 973, and 1073 K. Under the influence of hydrogen-steam atmospheric conditions (H$$_{2}$$/H$$_{2}$$O = 0.2), the reaction between cesium hydroxide vapor and solid thermal insulation was confirmed to occur at temperatures of 973 and 1073 K with the formation of dicalcium silicate (Ca$$_{2}$$SiO$$_{4}$$) and cesium aluminum silicate (CsAlSiO$$_{4}$$). Water-dissolution analyses of the reaction products have demonstrated their stability, in particular, the CsAlSiO$$_{4}$$. Constituents similarity of the field-observed cesium-bearing materials near the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plants with CsAlSiO$$_{4}$$ suggests for the first time that gaseous reaction between CsOH with calcium silicate thermal insulation could be one of the original formation mechanisms of the cesium-bearing materials.


A New method of measuring ruthenium activity in ruthenium-containing alloys by using thermogravimetric analysis

Liu, J.; 中島 邦久; 三輪 周平; 白数 訓子; 逢坂 正彦

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 59(4), p.484 - 490, 2022/04

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:0.01(Nuclear Science & Technology)

A new method named TG calibration curve method has been proposed to evaluate the Ru activity in the Ru-containing alloys by using the kinetic relationship between oxidative evaporation rate of Ru atom and overall vapor pressures of various RuOx gases in the experimental system constructed by the authors. The experimental results show that the oxidative evaporation rate of Ru atom from experimental powders is approximately proportional to the overall vapor pressures over powders. By using their specific quantitative relationship, we determined the Ru activity in Ru$$_{0.5}$$Pd$$_{0.5}$$ alloy in the temperature range from 1523 to 1673 K. The obtained values of Ru activity agree well with those theoretically calculation, and indicated the reliability of this new method.


Phase stability of Cs-Si-O and Cs-Si-Fe-O compounds on stainless steel

鈴木 知史; 中島 邦久; 逢坂 正彦

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 59(3), p.345 - 356, 2022/03

 被引用回数:1 パーセンタイル:21.98(Nuclear Science & Technology)



Cesium chemistry in the LWR severe accident and towards the decommissioning of Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station

逢坂 正彦; Gou$"e$llo, M.*; 中島 邦久

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 59(3), p.292 - 305, 2022/03

 被引用回数:4 パーセンタイル:56.29(Nuclear Science & Technology)

事故時及び長期間の2つの期間のソースタームにおけるセシウム化学について、福島第一原子力発電所(1F)事故後に行われたFP化学研究のレビューを行った。事故時についてはCsのMo, B, Siとの化学反応について、また1F固有の水相を介した長期についてはCsのコンクリートへの浸透及び燃料デブリの浸出挙動について、関連する熱力学データ整備状況とともに調べた。これらのCs化学挙動は近い将来取出し予定の燃料デブリ等1Fサンプルの分析及び評価を通して検証されるべきである。


福島第一原発港湾から流出したトリチウム量の経時変化の推定; 流出量変化の要因分析と福島事故前後の日本および世界の原子力施設との排出量比較

町田 昌彦; 岩田 亜矢子; 山田 進; 乙坂 重嘉*; 小林 卓也; 船坂 英之*; 森田 貴己*

日本原子力学会和文論文誌, 21(1), p.33 - 49, 2022/03



Revaporization behavior of cesium and iodine compounds from their deposits in the steam-boron atmosphere

Rizaal, M.; 三輪 周平; 鈴木 恵理子; 井元 純平; 逢坂 正彦; Gou$"e$llo, M.*

ACS Omega (Internet), 6(48), p.32695 - 32708, 2021/12

 被引用回数:1 パーセンタイル:0(Chemistry, Multidisciplinary)

This paper presents our investigation on cesium and iodine compounds revaporization from cesium iodide (CsI) deposits on the surface of stainless steel type 304L, which were initiated by boron and/or steam flow. A dedicated basic experimental facility with a thermal gradient tube (TGT) was used for simulating the phenomena. The number of deposits, the formed chemical compounds, and elemental distribution were analyzed from samples located at temperature range 1000-400 K. In the absence of boron in the gas flow, it was found that the initial deposited CsI at 850 K could be directly re-vaporized as CsI vapor/aerosol or reacted with the carrier gas and stainless steel (Cr$$_{2}$$O$$_{2}$$ layer) to form Cs$$_{2}$$CrO$$_{4}$$ on the former deposited surface. The latter mechanism consequently gave a release of gaseous iodine that was accumulated downstream. After introducing boron to the steam flow, a severe revaporization of iodine deposit at 850 K occurred (more than 70% initial deposit). This was found as a result of the formation of two kinds of cesium borates (Cs$$_{2}$$B$$_{4}$$O$$_{7}$$$$cdot$$5H$$_{2}$$O and CsB$$_{5}$$O$$_{8}$$$$cdot$$4H$$_{2}$$O) which contributed to a large release of gaseous iodine that was capable of reaching outlet of TGT ($$<$$ 400 K). In the case of nuclear severe accident, our study have demonstrated that gaseous iodine could be expected to increase in the colder region of a reactor after late release of boron or a subsequent steam flow after refloods of the reactor, thus posing its near-term risk once leaked to the environment.



井元 純平; 中島 邦久; 逢坂 正彦

日本原子力学会和文論文誌, 20(4), p.179 - 187, 2021/12

福島第一原子力発電所の炉内や原子炉建屋内のCsの一部は、CsIやCs$$_{2}$$MoO$$_{4}$$といった化学形で沈着すると考えられているが、Cs化合物の多くは水溶性であるため長期的には水相を介した移行が起きると推察される。このような移行挙動評価のための基礎データとして、水への溶解度に関する知見が必要である。そのため、本研究では20$$^{circ}$$C及び25$$^{circ}$$CにおけるCsIとCs$$_{2}$$MoO$$_{4}$$の水への溶解度について調べることを目的とした。その結果、熱力学的データとPitzerモデルから計算された25$$^{circ}$$CでのCsIの溶解度は、文献値とよく一致していることが示され、室温付近のCsIの文献値は信頼性が高いことが分かった。OECDテストガイドライン105フラスコ法(テストガイドライン)を使用した20$$^{circ}$$CでのCsIの実験値も、文献値とよく一致していた。テストガイドラインを使用して測定した20$$^{circ}$$CのCs$$_{2}$$MoO$$_{4}$$の溶解度は、256.8$$pm$$6.2(g/100g H$$_{2}$$O)となった。このCs$$_{2}$$MoO$$_{4}$$の溶解度は、他のアルカリモリブデン酸塩の溶解度と同程度であることがわかり、文献値よりも信頼性が高いと考えられる。


「廃炉・汚染水対策事業費補助金(燃料デブリの分析精度の向上及び熱挙動の推定のための技術開発)」に係る補助事業; 2020年度最終報告

小山 真一; 中桐 俊男; 逢坂 正彦; 吉田 啓之; 倉田 正輝; 池内 宏知; 前田 宏治; 佐々木 新治; 大西 貴士; 高野 公秀; et al.

廃炉・汚染水対策事業事務局ホームページ(インターネット), 144 Pages, 2021/08



An Approach toward evaluation of long-term fission product distributions in the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant after the severe accident

内田 俊介; 唐澤 英年; 木野 千晶*; Pellegrini, M.*; 内藤 正則*; 逢坂 正彦

Nuclear Engineering and Design, 380, p.111256_1 - 111256_19, 2021/08

 被引用回数:4 パーセンタイル:66.97(Nuclear Science & Technology)



Synthesis of simulated fuels containing CsI under gas-tight condition

Liu, J.; 三輪 周平; 中島 邦久; 逢坂 正彦

Nuclear Materials and Energy (Internet), 26, p.100916_1 - 100916_6, 2021/03

 被引用回数:2 パーセンタイル:56.29(Nuclear Science & Technology)

A new synthesis method of simulated fuel containing highly volatile compound of cesium iodide (CsI) was established based on a gas-tight sintering technique. This method can enhance the grain growth of the SIMFUEL pellets by increasing sintering temperature and time. The CsI content in the simulated fuel did not significantly decrease even for 10 hours sintering time and its final value can be quantitatively controlled by adjusting its vaporization amount. A slower heating rate after the melting of CsI can promote the dispersion of liquid CsI on the grain boundaries and give a very small CsI particle size.


Experimental study on transport behavior of cesium iodide in the reactor coolant system under LWR severe accident conditions

宮原 直哉; 三輪 周平; Gou$"e$llo, M.*; 井元 純平; 堀口 直樹; 佐藤 勇*; 逢坂 正彦

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 57(12), p.1287 - 1296, 2020/12

 被引用回数:5 パーセンタイル:60.05(Nuclear Science & Technology)



Investigation of high-temperature chemical interaction of calcium silicate insulation and cesium hydroxide

Rizaal, M.; 中島 邦久; 斉藤 拓巳*; 逢坂 正彦; 岡本 孝司*

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 57(9), p.1062 - 1073, 2020/09

 被引用回数:7 パーセンタイル:72.9(Nuclear Science & Technology)



Seven-year temporal variation of caesium-137 discharge inventory from the port of Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant; Continuous monthly estimation of caesium-137 discharge in the period from April 2011 to June 2018

町田 昌彦; 山田 進; 岩田 亜矢子; 乙坂 重嘉; 小林 卓也; 渡辺 将久; 船坂 英之; 森田 貴己*

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 57(8), p.939 - 950, 2020/08

 被引用回数:8 パーセンタイル:77.61(Nuclear Science & Technology)



Low temperature heat capacity of Cs$$_{2}$$Si$$_{4}$$O$$_{9}$$

鈴木 恵理子; 中島 邦久; 逢坂 正彦; 大石 佑治*; 牟田 浩明*; 黒崎 健*

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 57(7), p.852 - 857, 2020/07

 被引用回数:3 パーセンタイル:41.06(Nuclear Science & Technology)

軽水炉シビアアクシデント時の原子炉構造材へのセシウム(Cs)化学吸着・再蒸発挙動評価に資する熱力学特性データを得るため、化学吸着生成物であるCs$$_{2}$$Si$$_{4}$$O$$_{9}$$単体を調製し、1.9-302Kにおける熱容量の測定を行うことで、初めての実測値を得た。また、これより、室温における熱容量$$C_{p}$$$$^{o}$$(298.15K)及び標準エントロピー$$S^{o}$$(298.15K)の実測値を取得し、それぞれ249.4 $$pm$$ 1.1 J K$$^{-1}$$ mol$$^{-1}$$、322.1 $$pm$$ 1.3 J K$$^{-1}$$ mol$$^{-1}$$であった。さらに、本研究で得られた標準エントロピーと、既往研究で報告されている標準生成エンタルピー$$Delta$$$$_{f}$$$$H^{o}$$(298.15K)及び高温でのエンタルピー増加$$H^{o}$$($$T$$)-$$H^{o}$$(298.15K)を用い、Cs$$_{2}$$Si$$_{4}$$O$$_{9}$$の高温での標準生成ギブスエネルギーを実測値に基づき再評価し、既往文献値の妥当性を確認した。


Room-temperature adsorption behavior of cesium onto calcium silicate insulation

Rizaal, M.; 斉藤 拓巳*; 岡本 孝司*; Erkan, N.*; 中島 邦久; 逢坂 正彦

Mechanical Engineering Journal (Internet), 7(3), p.19-00563_1 - 19-00563_10, 2020/06



Development of fission product chemistry database ECUME for the LWR severe accident

三輪 周平; 中島 邦久; 宮原 直哉; 西岡 俊一郎; 鈴木 恵理子; 堀口 直樹; Liu, J.; Miradji, F.; 井元 純平; Afiqa, B. M.; et al.

Mechanical Engineering Journal (Internet), 7(3), p.19-00537_1 - 19-00537_11, 2020/06


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