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High-temperature gaseous reaction of cesium with siliceous thermal insulation; The Potential implication to the provenance of enigmatic Fukushima cesium-bearing material

ケイ酸カルシウム保温材とセシウム蒸気との高温反応; 福島第一原発事故により放出された放射性セシウム含有微粒子起源の可能性

Rizaal, M.   ; 中島 邦久  ; 斉藤 拓巳*; 逢坂 正彦  ; 岡本 孝司*

Rizaal, M.; Nakajima, Kunihisa; Saito, Takumi*; Osaka, Masahiko; Okamoto, Koji*

Here we report an investigation of the gas-solid reaction between cesium hydroxide (CsOH) and siliceous (calcium silicate) thermal insulation at high temperature, which was postulated as the origin for the formation mechanism of cesium-bearing material emitted from the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant. A developed reaction furnace consisting of two heating compartments was used to study the reaction at temperatures of 873, 973, and 1073 K. Under the influence of hydrogen-steam atmospheric conditions (H$$_{2}$$/H$$_{2}$$O = 0.2), the reaction between cesium hydroxide vapor and solid thermal insulation was confirmed to occur at temperatures of 973 and 1073 K with the formation of dicalcium silicate (Ca$$_{2}$$SiO$$_{4}$$) and cesium aluminum silicate (CsAlSiO$$_{4}$$). Water-dissolution analyses of the reaction products have demonstrated their stability, in particular, the CsAlSiO$$_{4}$$. Constituents similarity of the field-observed cesium-bearing materials near the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plants with CsAlSiO$$_{4}$$ suggests for the first time that gaseous reaction between CsOH with calcium silicate thermal insulation could be one of the original formation mechanisms of the cesium-bearing materials.

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パーセンタイル:16.24

分野:Chemistry, Multidisciplinary

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