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Determination of localized surface phonons in nanocrystalline silicon by inelastic neutron scattering spectroscopy and its application to deuterium isotope enrichment

非弾性中性子散乱によるシリコンナノ結晶の局在化表面フォノンの決定と重水素濃縮への応用

松本 貴裕*; 野又 郁実*; 大原 高志  ; 金光 義彦*

Matsumoto, Takahiro*; Nomata, Ikumi*; Ohara, Takashi; Kanemitsu, Yoshihiko*

The hydrogen isotope deuterium has attracted special interest for the manufacture of silicon (Si) semiconductors as well as for the synthesis of isotopically labeled compounds. However, the efficient production of D or H deuteride in a controlled manner is challenging, and rational H isotope enrichment protocols are still lacking. Here, we demonstrate a highly efficient exchange reaction from H to D on the surface of nanocrystalline Si. Fourfold enrichment of D termination was successfully achieved by dipping n-Si into a dilute D solution. By determining the surface-localized vibrational modes for H-and D-terminated n-Si using inelastic neutron scattering spectroscopy, we found that the physical mechanism responsible for this enrichment originates from the difference in the zero-point oscillation energies and entropies of the surface-localized vibrations.

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分野:Materials Science, Multidisciplinary

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