金子 耕士; 川崎 卓郎; 仲村 愛*; 宗像 孝司*; 中尾 朗子*; 花島 隆泰*; 鬼柳 亮嗣; 大原 高志; 辺土 正人*; 仲間 隆男*; et al.
Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 90(6), p.064704_1 - 064704_6, 2021/06
Multiple transition phenomena in divalent Eu compound EuAl with the tetragonal structure were investigated via single crystal time-of-flight neutron Laue technique. At 30 K below a charge-density-wave (CDW) transition, superlattice peaks emerge near nuclear Bragg peaks described by an ordering vector = (0 0 ). In contrast, magnetic peaks appear at with = 0.09 below = 15.4 K, and moves to with = 0.19 below =12.2 K, whereas no distinct change in the magnetic Bragg peak was detected at and . The structural modification with is characterized by an absence of the superlattice peak in (0 0 ). Considering an absence of splitting in magnetic peaks along , the structural transition is mainly ascribed to a displacement of Al ions within the tetragonal -plane. Complex incommensurate magnetic transitions are in stark contrast to a simple collinear commensurate structure in isovalent EuGa. This could stem from incompatible electronic structures with the CDW transition between two compounds.
松本 貴裕*; 杉本 秀彦*; 大原 高志; 徳光 昭夫*; 冨田 誠*; 池田 進*
Physical Review B, 103(24), p.245401_1 - 245401_9, 2021/06
We investigate the quantum entangled state of two protons terminating on a silicon surface. The entangled states were detected using the surface vibrational dynamics of nanocrystalline silicon with inelastic neutron scattering spectroscopy. The protons are identical, therefore the harmonic oscillator parity constrains the spin degrees of freedom, forming strongly entangled states for all the energy levels of surface vibrations. Compared to the proton entanglement previously observed in hydrogen molecules, this entanglement is characterized by an enormous energy difference of 113 meV between the spin singlet ground state and the spin triplet excited state. We theoretically demonstrate the cascade transition of terahertz entangled photon pairs utilizing proton entanglement.
松本 貴裕*; 野又 郁実*; 大原 高志; 金光 義彦*
Physical Review Materials (Internet), 5(6), p.066003_1 - 066003_9, 2021/06
The hydrogen isotope deuterium has attracted special interest for the manufacture of silicon (Si) semiconductors as well as for the synthesis of isotopically labeled compounds. However, the efficient production of D or H deuteride in a controlled manner is challenging, and rational H isotope enrichment protocols are still lacking. Here, we demonstrate a highly efficient exchange reaction from H to D on the surface of nanocrystalline Si. Fourfold enrichment of D termination was successfully achieved by dipping n-Si into a dilute D solution. By determining the surface-localized vibrational modes for H-and D-terminated n-Si using inelastic neutron scattering spectroscopy, we found that the physical mechanism responsible for this enrichment originates from the difference in the zero-point oscillation energies and entropies of the surface-localized vibrations.
Kwon, H.*; Pietrasiak, E.*; 大原 高志; 中尾 朗子*; Chae, B.*; Hwang, C.-C.*; Jung, D.*; Hwang, I.-C.*; Ko, Y. H.*; Kim, K.*; et al.
Inorganic Chemistry, 60(9), p.6403 - 6409, 2021/05
The synthesis of sandwich-shaped multinuclear silver complexes with planar penta- and tetranuclear wheel-shaped silver units and a central anion is reported, along with complete spectroscopic and structural characterization. An NMR mechanistic study reveals that silver complexes were formed in the following order: 2Ag 3Ag 5Ag 4Ag. The central hydroxides in 4Ag and 5Ag exhibit exotic physical properties due to the confined environment inside the complex. The size of these silver wheels can be tuned by changing the central anion or extracting/adding one silver atom. This study provides the facile way to synthesize discrete wheel-shaped multinuclear silver complexes and provides valuable insights into the dynamics of the self-assembly process.
矢島 健*; 日沼 洋陽*; 堀 智*; 岩崎 類*; 菅野 了次*; 大原 高志; 中尾 朗子*; 宗像 孝司*; 広井 善二*
Journal of Materials Chemistry A, 9(18), p.11278 - 11284, 2021/05
Herein, we studied the crystalline compound LiGePS with the largest Li-ion conductivity thus far via a novel route based on a combination of single-crystal neutron diffraction experiments at low temperature and first-principles calculations, and found that a correlated migration of the densely packed Li ions governs the overall Li-ion conduction. The correlated migration mechanism provides us with guidelines on how to design efficient superionic conductors for more efficient batteries.
三浦 大輔*; 熊田 高之; 関根 由莉奈; 元川 竜平; 中川 洋; 大場 洋次郎; 大原 高志; 高田 慎一; 廣井 孝介; 森川 利明*; et al.
Journal of Applied Crystallography, 54(2), p.454 - 460, 2021/04
阿部 雄太; 土川 雄介; 甲斐 哲也; 松本 吉弘*; Parker, J. D.*; 篠原 武尚; 大石 佑治*; 加美山 隆*; 永江 勇二; 佐藤 一憲
JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 33, p.011075_1 - 011075_6, 2021/03
Since the hardness of fuel debris containing boride from BC pellet in control rod is estimated to be two times higher as that of oxide, such as UO and ZrO, distribution of such boride in the fuel debris formed in the Fukushima-Daiichi Nuclear Power Plants may affect the process of debris cutting and removal. The high neutron absorption of boron may affect the possibility of re-criticality during the process of debris removal. Therefore, boride distribution in fuel debris is regarded as an important issue to be addressed. However, boron tends to have difficult in quantification with conventionally applied methods like EPMA and XPS. In this study, accelerator-driven neutron-imaging system was applied. Since boron is the material for neutron absorption, its sensitivity in terms of neutron penetration through specimens is concerned. To adjust neutron attenuation of a specimen to suit a particular measurement by selecting the neutron energy range, we focused on the energy resolved neutron imaging system RADEN, which utilizes wide energy range from meV to keV. Development of a method to visualize boron distribution using energy-resolved neutrons has been started. In this presentation the authors show the status of the development of a method utilizing energy-resolved neutrons and provide some outcome from its application to the Core Material Melting and Relocation (CMMR)-0 and -2 specimens.
Su, Y.; 及川 健一; 篠原 武尚; 甲斐 哲也; 堀野 孝*; 井戸原 修*; 三阪 佳孝*; 友田 陽*
Scientific Reports (Internet), 11, p.4155_1 - 4155_14, 2021/02
A time-of-flight Bragg-edge neutron transmission imaging was used to investigate the microstructure and strain distributions in a gear hardened by a newly developed two-step induction-heating method: precursor (Sample 1) and final product (Sample 2). The edge- position and edge-broadening were determined and mapped with high spatial resolution, which enabled us to confirm the two-dimensional distributions of the microstructure and residual strain. A deep hardened layer was made for Sample 1 in which martensite was formed on the entire teeth and the outer peripheral portion of the gear body. Sample 2 was subjected to double induction-hardening, where a tempered martensite was formed as the thermal refined microstructure between a fine-grained martensite at the tooth surface and a ferrite-pearlite microstructure at the core. The relationship between edge-broadening and the Vickers hardness described by a linear equation was employed to derive the elastic residual strain. The residual strain map for Sample 2 revealed that a steep compressive strain was introduced into the fine-grained martensite at the tooth surface by the super rapid induction- heating and quenching process. The reversal of tension was speculated to occur below 2 mm from the tooth tip, and the strain was almost zero in the core region.
奥平 琢也; 奥 隆之; 猪野 隆*; 林田 洋寿*; 吉良 弘*; 酒井 健二; 廣井 孝介; 高橋 慎吾*; 相澤 一也; 遠藤 仁*; et al.
Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 977, p.164301_1 - 164301_8, 2020/10
We are developing a neutron polarizer with polarized He gas, referred to as a He spin filter, based on the Spin Exchange Optical Pumping (SEOP) for polarized neutron scattering experiments at Materials and Life Science Experimental Facility (MLF) of Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC). A He gas-filling station was constructed at J-PARC, and several He cells with long spin relaxation times have been fabricated using the gas-filling station. A laboratory has been prepared in the MLF beam hall for polarizing He cells, and compact pumping systems with laser powers of 30 W and 110 W, which can be installed onto a neutron beamline, have been developed. A He polarization of 85% was achieved at a neutron beamline by using the pumping system with the 110 W laser. Recently, the first user experiment utilizing the He spin filter was conducted, and there have been several more since then. The development and utilization of He spin filters at MLF of J-PARC are reported.
阿部 雄太; 土川 雄介; 甲斐 哲也; 松本 吉弘*; Parker, J. D.*; 篠原 武尚; 大石 佑治*; 加美山 隆*; 永江 勇二; 佐藤 一憲
Proceedings of 2020 International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE 2020) (Internet), 6 Pages, 2020/08
Boron carbide is used as a neutron-absorbing material in Fukushima-Daiichi Nuclear Power Station (1F), producing borides that are twice as hard as oxides (such as UO and ZrO). The high neutron absorption of boron affects the evaluation of re-criticality during the process of debris retrieval. Therefore, it is important not only to determine the presence of boron but also to investigate the distribution of boron inside the material in a non-destructive manner during decommissioning. To address the uncertainties in the core material relocation behavior of boiling water reactor (BWR) during a severe accident (SA), solidified melt specimens of a simulated fuel assembly were prepared by plasma heating. If core material melting and relocation (CMMR) specimens can be used to estimate the B distribution in 1F Unit-3, that will provide valuable information in the decommissioning of 1F. To address this, the authors focused on the energy-resolved neutron imaging system, RADEN, which utilizes a wide energy range, from meV to keV. This is an innovative three-dimensional analysis technology for boride distribution that affects the evaluation of hardness and re-criticality. In the calibration standard samples (ZrB and FeB), there was a good correlation between boron concentration and the energy-dependence of the cross sections of cold and epi-thermal neutrons. In the CMMR specimens, boron distribution was confirmed from the contrast difference between cold and epi-thermal neutrons. In the future, the results of calibration standard samples will be applied to the results of CMMR specimens. With this method, three-dimensional boron distribution will be measured, and the understanding of boride distribution 1F Unit-3 will be improved, which may be reflected in an improved SA code.
阿部 伸行*; 塩澤 俊介*; 松浦 慧介*; 佐賀山 基*; 中尾 朗子*; 大原 高志; 徳永 祐介*; 有馬 孝尚*
Physical Review B, 101(18), p.180407_1 - 180407_5, 2020/05
The correlation between magnetism and electric polarization in a chiral insulating magnet BaFeOCl has been investigated. The temperature dependence of magnetic susceptibility shows an anomaly at 564 K, suggesting the onset of antiferromagnetic order of Fe moments. Electric polarization appears in a magnetic field below TN due to the spin-direction-dependent metal-ligand hybridization. The direction of the electric polarization can be controlled in three-dimensional space by changing the direction of an external magnetic field. This compound also shows an antiferromagnetic-to-weak-ferromagnetic transition accompanied by a structural phase transition at 140 K.
篠原 武尚; 甲斐 哲也; 及川 健一; 中谷 健; 瀬川 麻里子; 廣井 孝介; Su, Y.; 大井 元貴; 原田 正英; 飯倉 寛; et al.
Review of Scientific Instruments, 91(4), p.043302_1 - 043302_20, 2020/04
The energy-resolved neutron imaging system, RADEN, has been installed at the pulsed neutron source in the Materials and Life Science Experimental Facility of the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex. In addition to conventional neutron radiography and tomography, RADEN, the world's first imaging beam-line at a pulsed neutron source, provides three main options for new, quantitative neutron imaging techniques: Bragg-edge imaging to visualize the spatial distribution of crystallographic information, resonance absorption imaging for elemental composition and temperature information, and polarized neutron imaging for magnetic field information. This paper describes the results of characterization studies of the neutronic performance and installed devices at RADEN and shows the results of several demonstration studies for pulsed neutron imaging.
中里 晟也*; 岩佐 和晃*; 橋本 大輔*; 塩澤 真未*; 桑原 慶太郎*; 中尾 裕則*; 佐賀山 基*; 石角 元志*; 大原 高志; 中尾 朗子*; et al.
JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 30, p.011128_1 - 011128_6, 2020/03
Successive phase transitions of IrSn (: La and Ce) were studied using neutron and X-ray diffraction techniques. A semimetal CeIrSn undergoes three phase transitions: an antiferromagnetic ordering characterized by a propagation vector = (1/2, 1/2, 2/5) below 0.6 K, a structural transformation with = (1/4, 1/4, 1/4) at 2.0 K, and another structural transformation with = (1/2, 1/2, 0) above room temperature. LaIrSn was confirmed to be a superconductor below 2.5 K under the = (1/2, 1/2, 0) structure that also appears above room temperature.
駒淵 舞*; 漆原 大典*; 浅香 透*; 福田 功一郎*; 大原 高志; 宗像 孝司*; 石川 喜久*
Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 89(3), p.034601_1 - 034601_5, 2020/03
The crystal structure of an X-type hexaferrite SrCoFeO was investigated by the X-ray and neutron diffraction methods for a single crystal. SrCoFeO has the crystal structure described as a space group () and its lattice constants are = 5.9165(2) ; and = 84.1395(33) ; at 843 K. Co ions are almost localized in the octahedral site () in the middle of SS blocks. In addition, the adjacent octahedral and tetrahedral sites to site contain the significant number of Co.
池田 修悟*; 金子 耕士; 田中 佑季*; 川崎 卓郎; 花島 隆泰*; 宗像 孝司*; 中尾 朗子*; 鬼柳 亮嗣; 大原 高志; 望月 健生*; et al.
Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 89(1), p.014707_1 - 014707_7, 2020/01
Magnetism in EuNiIn has been studied by specific heat, magnetic susceptibility, magnetization, Eu Mssbauer spectroscopy, and neutron diffraction experiments. The specific heat shows two magnetic transitions at and at zero magnetic field. An antiferromagnetic ground state of EuNiIn has a uniaxial magnetic anisotropy along the b-axis, revealed by the magnetic susceptibility and the Mssbauer spectroscopy. Single crystal neutron diffraction experiments clarify that this antiferromagnetic structure in the ground state is characterized by the commensurate propagation vector = (1/2, 1/2, 1/2) which reveals no distinct anomaly at . The magnetization curve along the b-axis at 2 K shows four successive magnetic field-induced transitions up to 50 kOe and, reaches 7 /f.u. above 190 kOe, The magnetic phase diagram in EuNiIn has unique characteristics with five magnetic states in low magnetic field.
奥平 琢也; 奥 隆之; 酒井 健二; 猪野 隆*; 林田 洋寿*; 廣井 孝介; 篠原 武尚; 加倉井 和久*; 相澤 一也; 清水 裕彦*; et al.
Proceedings of Science (Internet), 356, 5 Pages, 2019/12
中根 僚宏*; 米山 翔太*; 兒玉 健*; 菊地 耕一*; 中尾 朗子*; 大原 高志; 東中 隆二*; 松田 達磨*; 青木 勇二*; 藤田 渉*
Dalton Transactions (Internet), 48(1), p.333 - 338, 2019/01
The two-dimensional quadratic lattice magnet, bis(glycolato)cobalt(II) ([Co(HOCHCO)]), showed anti-ferromagnetic ordering at 15.0 K and an abrupt increase in magnetisation at H = 22 600 Oe and 2 K, thereby acting as a metamagnet. Neutron diffraction studies suggested that the magnetic moment vectors of the Co(II) ions had an amplitude of 3.59 mB and were not aligned in a fully antiparallel fashion to those of their neighbours, which caused canting between the magnetic moment vectors in the sheet. The canting angle was determined to be 7.1deg. Canting induced net magnetisation in the sheet, but this magnetisation was cancelled between sheets. The magnetisations in the sheets were oriented parallel to the magnetic field at the critical magnetic field.
片岡 龍峰*; 西山 尚典*; 田中 良昌*; 門倉 昭*; 内田 ヘルベルト陽仁*; 海老原 祐輔*; 江尻 省*; 冨川 喜弘*; 堤 雅基*; 佐藤 薫*; et al.
Earth, Planets and Space (Internet), 71, p.9_1 - 9_10, 2019/01
金子 耕士; Frontzek, M. D.*; 松田 雅昌*; 中尾 朗子*; 宗像 孝司*; 大原 高志; 垣花 将司*; 芳賀 芳範; 辺土 正人*; 仲間 隆男*; et al.
Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 88, p.013702_1 - 013702_5, 2019/01
Magnetic transitions in chiral antiferromagnet EuPtSi were investigated by means of single crystal neutron diffraction. In the ground state, magnetic peaks emerge at positions represented by =. Upon heating, an additional magnetic peak splitting around 2.5 K was uncovered, indicating a presence of a first-order transition with =. An half-polarized neutron scattering for polarization parallel to Q reveled that polarization antiparallel to Q has stronger intensity in both magnetic phases. This feature clarifies single chiral character of helical structure with moments normal to the ordering vector in both ordered states. Under vertical magnetic field along [1,1,1] in the phase, magnetic peaks form hexagonal patterns in the equatorial scattering plane around nuclear. An ordering vector of the -phase has the similar size in the periodicity to , and could be a hallmark of a formation of skyrmion lattice in EuPtSi.
矢野 直峰*; 山田 太郎*; 細谷 孝明*; 大原 高志; 田中 伊知朗*; 新村 信雄*; 日下 勝弘*
Acta Crystallographica Section D; Structural Biology (Internet), 74(11), p.1041 - 1052, 2018/11
STARGazer is a data processing software for neutron time-of-flight (TOF) single-crystal diffraction data collected by the IBARAKI Biological Crystal Diffractometer (iBIX) at the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC). This software creates hkl intensity data from three-dimensional (x, y, TOF) diffraction data. STARGazer is composed of both a data processing component and a data visualization component. This article describes the status of data processing software STARGazer and its data processing algorithms.