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Comprehensive physical and electrical characterizations of NO nitrided SiO$$_{2}$$/4H-SiC(11$$overline{2}$$0) interfaces

NO窒化SiO$$_{2}$$/4H-SiC(11$$overline{2}$$0)界面の物理的および電気的特性の包括的評価

中沼 貴澄*; 岩片 悠*; 渡部 ありさ*; 細井 卓治*; 小林 拓真*; 染谷 満*; 岡本 光央*; 吉越 章隆 ; 志村 考功*; 渡部 平司*

Nakanuma, Takato*; Iwakata, Yu*; Watanabe, Arisa*; Hosoi, Takuji*; Kobayashi, Takuma*; Sometani, Mitsuru*; Okamoto, Mitsuo*; Yoshigoe, Akitaka; Shimura, Takayoshi*; Watanabe, Heiji*

本研究ではSiC(11$$overline{2}$$0)面のNO窒化過程を詳細に観察し、MOSキャパシタの電気的特性への影響を調べた。具体的には、走査型X線光電子分光法によりサブナノメートルオーダの窒素分布プロファイリングを行った。その結果、窒化は(0001)面よりもはるかに速く進行し、界面の窒素濃度は約2.3倍であった。暗所および紫外線照射下で容量-電圧($$C-V$$)測定を行い、伝導帯端/価電子帯端近傍の欠陥や、$$C-V$$ヒステリシス・シフトを引き起こす欠陥を評価した。これらの欠陥は、窒化の進行とともに失活化されたが、過度の窒化は逆に電気的特性の劣化を招くことが分かった。以上の実験結果をもとに、NO窒化の最適条件を議論した。

Nitridation of SiO$$_{2}$$/4H-SiC(11$$overline{2}$$0) interfaces with post-oxidation annealing in an NO ambient (NO-POA) and its impact on the electrical properties were investigated. Sub-nm-resolution nitrogen depth profiling at the interfaces was conducted by using a scanning X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy microprobe. The results showed that nitrogen atoms were incorporated just at the interface and that interface nitridation proceeded much faster than at SiO$$_{2}$$/SiC(0001) interfaces, resulting in a 2.3 times higher nitrogen concentration. Electrical characterizations of metal-oxide-semiconductor capacitors were conducted through capacitance-voltage ($$C-V$$) measurements in the dark and under illumination with ultraviolet light to evaluate the electrical defects near the conduction and valence band edges and those causing hysteresis and shifting of the $$C-V$$ curves. While all of these defects were passivated with the progress of the interface nitridation, excessive nitridation resulted in degradation of the MOS capacitors. The optimal conditions for NO-POA are discussed on the basis of these experimental findings.

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パーセンタイル:95.3

分野:Physics, Applied

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