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General overview of the research project investigating the radionuclide solution behavior in mock mortar matrix modeled after conditions at the Fukushima-Daiichi Nuclear Power Station

福島第一原子力発電所の状況を想定したモルタル中への放射性核種挙動に関する研究プロジェクトの全体概要

五十嵐 豪*; 芳賀 和子*; 山田 一夫*; 粟飯原 はるか   ; 柴田 淳広  ; 駒 義和  ; 丸山 一平*

Igarashi, Go*; Haga, Kazuko*; Yamada, Kazuo*; Aihara, Haruka; Shibata, Atsuhiro; Koma, Yoshikazu; Maruyama, Ippei*

Decommissioning of the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station (F1NPS) in a proper manner requires assessment of the contamination levels and mechanisms for contamination in the concrete structures. Between January 2018 and March 2020, Japan's Ministry of Education Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT) conducted a project called "The Analysis of Radionuclide Contamination Mechanisms of Concrete and the Estimation of Contamination Distribution at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station". In this review, we outline the results of this study. The experimental results from the first project indicate that concrete carbonation, Ca leaching, and drying conditions affected the adsorption behaviors of Cs and Sr and therefore, their penetration depths. Additionally, the studies showed that $$alpha$$-nuclides precipitated on the surface of the samples because concrete causes a high pH. A reaction transport model was developed to assess further the adsorption characteristics of Cs and Sr in carbonated cement paste and on concrete aggregates. The model used real concrete characteristics from the materials used at F1NPS and historical boundary conditions at the site, including radionuclide concentrations and penetration profiles within the turbine pit wall. Capillary water suction resulting from dried concrete was evaluated by considering structural changes in cement hydrates using X-ray CR and $$^{1}$$H-NMR relaxometry.

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パーセンタイル:42.38

分野:Construction & Building Technology

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