山浦 淳一*; 平賀 晴弘*; 飯村 壮史*; 村場 善行*; Bang, J.*; 池内 和彦*; 中村 充孝; 稲村 泰弘; 本田 孝志*; 平石 雅俊*; et al.
Physical Review B, 99(22), p.220505_1 - 220505_6, 2019/06
平石 雅俊*; 飯村 壮史*; 小嶋 健児*; 山浦 淳一*; 平賀 晴弘*; 池田 一貴*; Miao, P.*; 石川 喜久*; 鳥居 周輝*; 宮崎 正範*; et al.
Nature Physics, 10(4), p.300 - 303, 2014/04
High-temperature (high-) superconductivity appears as a consequence of the carrier-doping of an undoped parent compound exhibiting antiferromagnetic order; thereby, ground-state properties of the parent compound are closely relevant to the superconducting state. On the basis of the concept, a spin-fluctuation has been addressed as an origin of pairing of the superconducting electrons in cuprates. Whereas, there is growing interest in the pairing mechanism such as an unconventional spin-fluctuation or an advanced orbital-fluctuation due to the characteristic multi-orbital system in iron-pnictides. Here, we report the discovery of an antiferromagnetic order as well as a unique structural transition in electron-overdoped LaFeAsOH (), whereby another parent phase was uncovered, albeit heavily doped. The unprecedented two-dome superconducting phases observed in this material can be interpreted as a consequence of the carrier-doping starting from the original at and advanced at parent phases toward the intermediate region. The bipartite parent phases with distinct physical properties in the second magnetic phase provide us with an interesting example to illustrate the intimate interplay among the magnetic interaction, structural change and orbital degree of freedom in iron-pnictides.
Park, S.-W.*; 溝口 拓*; 樹神 克明; 社本 真一; 大友 季哉*; 松石 聡*; 神谷 利夫*; 細野 秀雄*
Inorganic Chemistry, 52(23), p.13363 - 13368, 2013/12
We report the synthesis, structure, and electromagnetic properties of Cr-based layered oxyarsenides LnCrAsO (Ln = La, Ce, Pr, and Nd) with a ZrCuSiAs-type structure. All LnCrAsO samples showed metallic electronic conduction. Electron doping in LaCrAsO by Mnsubstitution for the Cr sites gave rise to a metal-insulator transition. Analysis of powder neutron diffraction data revealed that LaCrAsO had Gtype antiferromagnetic (AFM) ordering, i.e., a checkerboard-type AFM ordering in the CrAs plane and antiparallel spin coupling between the adjacent CrAs planes, at 300 K with a large spin moment of 1.57 along the c axis. The magnetic susceptibility of LaCrAsO was very small (on the order of 10 emu/mol) and showed a broad hump at 550 K. First-principles density functional theory calculations of LaCrAsO explained its crystal structure and metallic nature well, but could not replicate the antiparallel spin coupling between the CrAs layers. The electronic structure of LaCrAsO is discussed with regard to those of related compounds LaFeAsO and LaMnAsO.
飯村 壮史*; 松石 聡*; 宮川 仁*; 谷口 尚*; 鈴木 雄大*; 臼井 秀知*; 黒木 和彦*; 梶本 亮一; 中村 充孝; 稲村 泰弘; et al.
Physical Review B, 88(6), p.060501_1 - 060501_5, 2013/08
We investigate the doping dependence of the magnetic excitations in two-superconducting-dome-system LaFeAsOD. Using inelastic neutron scattering, spin fluctuations at different wavenumbers were observed under both superconducting domes around and 0.4, but vanished at corresponding to the valley. Theoretical calculations indicate that the characteristic doping dependence of spin fluctuations is rationally explained as a consequence of the switching of the two intra-orbital nestings within Fe-3 and 3 by electron doping. The present results imply that the multi-orbital nature plays an important role in the doping and/or material dependence of the of the iron pnictide superconductors.
半那 拓*; 松石 聡*; 樹神 克明; 大友 季哉*; 社本 真一; 細野 秀雄*
Physical Review B, 87(2), p.020401_1 - 020401_5, 2013/01
Manganese oxyarsenide hydrides LaMnAsOH ( = 0-0.73) were synthesized by a solid state reaction under a high pressure of 2 GPa. The hydride ions H in O sites induced an insulator-to-metal conversion and suppressed the antiferromagnetic ordering of Mn spins. Instead, ferromagnetism with negative magnetoresistance was observed. The Curie temperature and saturated moment per Mn increased with up to 264 K and 1.5 , respectively, at = 0.73. These results indicate that H donate conduction electrons to the MnAs layer, mediating a direct ferromagnetic interaction between Mn atoms.
松石 聡*; 半那 拓*; 村場 善行*; Kim, S. W.*; Kim, J. E.*; 高田 昌樹*; 社本 真一; Smith, R. I.*; 細野 秀雄*
Physical Review B, 85(1), p.014514_1 - 014514_6, 2012/01
半那 拓*; 村場 善行*; 松石 聡*; 井川 直樹; 樹神 克明; 社本 真一; 細野 秀雄*
Physical Review B, 84(2), p.024521_1 - 024521_7, 2011/07
Utilizing the high stability of calcium and rare-earth hydrides, CaFeAsFH ( = 0.0-1.0) and SmFeAsOH ( = 0.0-0.47) have been synthesized using high pressure to form hydrogen-substituted 1111-type iron-arsenide superconductors. Neutron diffraction and density functional calculations have demonstrated that the hydrogens are incorporated as H ions occupying F sites in the blocking layer of CaFeAsF. The resulting CaFeAsOH is nonsuperconducting, whereas, SmFeAsOH is a superconductor, with an optimal =55 K at 0.2. It was found that up to 40% of the O ions can be replaced by H ions, with electrons being supplied into the FeAs layer to maintain neutrality (O = H + e). When exceeded 0.2, was reduced corresponding to an electron overdoped region.