藤森 伸一; 小畠 雅明; 竹田 幸治; 岡根 哲夫; 斎藤 祐児; 藤森 淳; 山上 浩志; 芳賀 芳範; 山本 悦嗣; 大貫 惇睦*
Physical Review B, 99(3), p.035109_1 - 035109_5, 2019/01
In the present study, we have elucidated the nature of the electron correlation effect in uranium compounds by imaging the partial density of states (pDOS) of typical itinerant, localized, and heavy fermion uranium compounds by using the 4-5 resonant photoemission spectroscopy. Obtained pDOS exhibit a systematic trend depending on the physical properties of compounds: Although the coherent peak at the Fermi level can be explained by the band-structure calculation, an incoherent peak emerges on the higher binding energy side () in the cases of localized and heavy fermion compounds. The intensity and energy position of the incoherent peak is increased and shifted to a higher binding energy as the localization of the state increases. These behaviors are consistent with the prediction of the Mott metal-insulator transition, suggesting that the Hubbard- type mechanism takes an essential role in the electronic structure of actinide materials.
藤森 伸一; 竹田 幸治; 岡根 哲夫; 斎藤 祐児; 藤森 淳; 山上 浩志; 芳賀 芳範; 山本 悦嗣; 大貫 惇睦*
Progress in Nuclear Science and Technology (Internet), 5, p.82 - 85, 2018/11
One of the most remarkable properties of actinide compounds is the coexistence of superconductivity and magnetic ordering which has been realized in several strongly-correlated uranium based compounds. In these compounds, both superconductivity and magnetic ordering originate from U 5f states. To understand the origin of the coexistence as well as the mechanism of the superconductivity, it is essential to reveal their U 5f electronic structures. In this presentation, the U 5f electronic structures of heavy Fermion superconductors UPdAl and URuSi studied by photoelectron spectroscopy using soft X-rays from SPring-8 BL23SU are presented. For UPdAl, U 4d-5f resonant photoemission experiment was performed, and its partial U 5f spectrum was revealed experimentally. Furthermore, we have applied the three-dimentional ARPES to the hidden order compound URuSi, and revealed its complete 3D electronic structure in the paramagnetic phase. Their electronic structures are discussed based on these results.
堀尾 眞史*; 竹田 幸治; 並木 宏允*; 片桐 隆雄*; 若林 勇希*; 坂本 祥哉*; 野中 洋亮*; 芝田 悟朗*; 池田 啓祐*; 斎藤 祐児; et al.
Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 87(10), p.105001_1 - 105001_2, 2018/10
We have performed X-ray magnetic circular dichroism (XMCD) measurements on the iron-based superconductor SrVFeAsO to study the origin of weak ferromagnetism (WFM) reported for this compound. While Fe 3d electrons show a magnetic response similar to the other iron pnictides, signals from V 3d electrons remain finite at zero magnetic field and may be responsible for the WFM.
若林 勇希*; 野中 洋亮*; 竹田 幸治; 坂本 祥哉*; 池田 啓祐*; Chi, Z.*; 芝田 悟朗*; 田中 新*; 斎藤 祐児; 山上 浩志; et al.
Physical Review Materials (Internet), 2(10), p.104416_1 - 104416_12, 2018/10
We study the electronic structure and magnetic properties of epitaxial (NiCo)FeO(111) layers with thicknesses = 1.7 - 5.2 nm grown on AlO(111)/Si(111) structures. We revealed the crystallographic (octahedral or tetrahedral ) sites and the valences of the Fe, Co, and Ni cations using experimental soft X-ray absorption spectroscopy and X-ray magnetic circular dichroism spectra and configuration-interaction cluster-model calculation.
藤森 伸一; 小畠 雅明; 竹田 幸治; 岡根 哲夫; 斎藤 祐児; 藤森 淳; 山上 浩志; 松本 裕司*; 山本 悦嗣; 立岩 尚之; et al.
Physical Review B, 96(12), p.125117_1 - 125117_9, 2017/09
The Fermi surface and band structure of have been studied by angle resolved photoelectron spectroscopy (ARPES) with the incident photon energies of = 665-735 eV. Detailed band structure and the three-dimensional shape of the Fermi surface were derived experimentally, and they are quantitatively explained by the band-structure calculation based on the density functional approximation. Comparison of the experimental ARPES spectra of with those of shows that they have considerably different spectral profiles particularly in the energy range of - 1 eV. Some energy bands with their energy dispersions of about 1 eV observed in are missing in the ARPES spectra of measured along the same high symmetry line of Brillouin zone, suggesting that U 5 states form these bands in . The relationship between the ARPES spectra of and is very different from the case between and where their intrinsic difference is limited only in the very vicinity of the Fermi energy. The present result argues that the U 5 electrons in have strong hybridization with ligand states, and essentially have an itinerant character.
藤森 伸一; 小畠 雅明; 竹田 幸治; 岡根 哲夫; 斎藤 祐児; 藤森 淳; 山上 浩志; 芳賀 芳範; 山本 悦嗣; 大貫 惇睦*
Physical Review B, 96(11), p.115126_1 - 115126_10, 2017/09
The electronic structures of U (=Al, Ga, and In) were studied by photoelectron spectroscopy to understand the the relationship between their electronic structure and magnetic properties. The band structures and Fermi surfaces of UAl and UGa were revealed experimentally by angle-resolved photoelectron spectroscopy (ARPES), and they were compared with the result of band structure calculations. The topologies of the Fermi surfaces and the band structures of UAl and UGa were explained reasonably well by the calculation, although bands near the Fermi level () were renormalized owing to the finite electron correlation effect. The topologies of the Fermi surfaces of UAl and UGa are very similar to each other, except for some minor differences. Such minor differences in their Fermi surface or electron correlation effect might take an essential role in their magnetism.
矢野 一雄*; 岡根 哲夫; 竹田 幸治; 山上 浩志; 藤森 淳; 西村 克彦*; 佐藤 清雄*
Physica B; Condensed Matter, 515, p.118 - 125, 2017/06
CeNi, GdNi、並びにCeGdNiについて、構成元素の電子状態を軟X線吸収磁気円二色性(XMCD)測定により調べた。実験の結果、この系では、Gd 4f電子だけでなく、NI 3d電子並びにCe 4f電子も磁性も有しており、NI並びにCeの磁気モーメントはGdの磁気モーメントとは反平行にカップリングしていることがわかった。Ceの磁気モーメントは、いったん飽和した後、2T以上の磁場領域で減少していくが、これはスピンフリップ挙動と考えられる。サムルール解析からは、Gd 4f電子とNi 3d電子に小さい軌道磁気モーメントが残っていることが示唆された。
坂本 祥哉*; 若林 勇希*; 竹田 幸治; 藤森 伸一; 鈴木 博人*; 伴 芳祐*; 山上 浩志; 田中 雅明*; 大矢 忍*; 藤森 淳*
Physical Review B, 95(7), p.075203_1 - 075203_5, 2017/02
GeFe (Ge:Fe) shows ferromagnetic behavior up to a relatively high temperature of 210 K and hence is a promising material for spintronic applications compatible with Si technology. We have studied its underlying electronic structure by soft X-ray angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy measurements and first-principles supercell calculation. We observed finite Fe 3 components in the states at the Fermi level () in a wide region of momentum space, and the was located 0.35 eV above the valence-band maximum of the host Ge. Our calculation indicates that the is also within the deep acceptor-level impurity band induced by the strong -() hybridization. We conclude that the additional minority-spin electron characteristic of the Fe state is responsible for the short-range ferromagnetic coupling between Fe atoms.
若林 勇希*; 秋山 了太*; 竹田 幸治; 堀尾 眞史*; 芝田 悟朗*; 坂本 祥哉*; 伴 芳祐*; 斎藤 祐児; 山上 浩志; 藤森 淳*; et al.
Physical Review B, 95(1), p.014417_1 - 014417_6, 2017/01
GeMn (GeMn) granular thin films are a unique and promising material for spintronic applications owing to their large positive magnetoresistance (MR). The microscopic origin of the MR has not yet been clarified. Here, we develop a method to separately investigate the magnetic properties of the nanoparticles and the matrix, utilizing the extremely high sensitivity of X-ray magnetic circular dichroism (XMCD) to the local magnetic state of each atom. We find that the MR ratio is proportional to the product of the magnetizations originating from the nanoparticles and the matrix. This result indicates that the spin-polarized holes in the nanoparticles penetrate into the matrix and that these holes undergo first order magnetic scattering by the paramagnetic Mn atoms in the matrix, which induces the large MR.
川崎 郁斗*; 左近 優美*; 藤森 伸一; 山上 浩志; 天谷 健一*; 横山 淳*
Physical Review B, 94(17), p.174427_1 - 174427_7, 2016/11
To clarify how the electronic state of SrLaRuO evolves with La doping, we conducted photoemission (PES) experiments using soft X rays. The spectral shape of the Ru 4-derived peak near the Fermi level changes significantly with increasing . This variation indicates that a spectral weight transfer from the coherent to the incoherent component occurs due to an enhancement of the electron correlation effect. Resonant PES experiments at the La 3 edge have confirmed that there is no significant contribution of the La 5 state in the energy range where the spectral weight transfer is observed. Using the dependence of the photoelectron mean-free path on the photon energy, we subtracted the surface components from the PES spectra and confirmed that the enhancement of the electron correlation effect with La doping is an intrinsic bulk phenomenon. On the other hand, a large portion of the coherent component remains at the Fermi level up to =0.5, reflecting that the Ru 4 state still has itinerant characteristics. Moreover, we found that the PES spectra hardly depend on the temperature and do not exhibit a discernible change with magnetic ordering, suggesting that the temperature variation of the exchange splitting does not follow the prediction of the Stoner theory. The presently obtained experimental results indicate that the electron correlation effect plays an important role in SrLaRuO and that the Ru 4 electrons possess both local and itinerant characteristics.
Frandsen, B. A.*; Liu, L.*; Cheung, S. C.*; Guguchia, Z.*; Khasanov, R.*; Morenzoni, E.*; Munsie, T. J. S.*; Hallas, A. M.*; Wilson, M. N.*; Cai, Y.*; et al.
Nature Communications (Internet), 7, p.12519_1 - 12519_8, 2016/08
RENiO (RE = rare-earth element) and VO are archetypal Mott insulator systems. When tuned by chemical substitution (RENiO) or pressure (VO), they exhibit a quantum phase transition (QPT) between an antiferromagnetic Mott insulating state and a paramagnetic metallic state. Because novel physics often appears near a Mott QPT, the details of this transition, such as whether it is first or second order, are important. Here, we demonstrate through muon spin relaxation/rotation experiments that the QPT in RENiO and VO is first order: the magnetically ordered volume fraction decreases to zero at the QPT, resulting in a broad region of intrinsic phase separation, while the ordered magnetic moment retains its full value until it is suddenly destroyed at the QPT. These findings bring to light a surprising universality of the pressure-driven Mott transition, revealing the importance of phase separation and calling for further investigation into the nature of quantum fluctuations underlying the transition.
藤森 伸一; 竹田 幸治; 岡根 哲夫; 斎藤 祐児; 藤森 淳; 山上 浩志; 芳賀 芳範; 山本 悦嗣; 大貫 惇睦
Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 85(6), p.062001_1 - 062001_33, 2016/06
The electronic structures of uranium-based compounds are studied by photoelectron spectroscopies with soft X-ray synchrotron radiation. Angle-resolved photoelectron spectroscopy with soft X-rays made it possible to directly observe their bulk band structures and Fermi surfaces. It is shown that the band structure and Fermi surface of itinerant compounds are quantitatively explained by the band-structure calculation treating all U 5 electrons as being itinerant. Furthermore, the overall electronic structures of heavy Fermion compounds are also explained by the band-structure calculation although there exist some disagreements which might be originated from the electron correlation effect. This suggests that the itinerant description of U states is an appropriate starting point for their description. The local electronic structures of uranium site are probed by the core-level photoelectron spectroscopy with soft X-rays. The comparisons of core-level spectra of these compounds with typical itinerant and localized compounds suggest that the local electronic structures of most of itinerant and heavy Fermion compounds are close to U 5 configuration.
藤森 伸一; 竹田 幸治; 岡根 哲夫; 斎藤 祐児; 藤森 淳; 山上 浩志; 山本 悦嗣; 芳賀 芳範; 大貫 惇睦
Journal of Electron Spectroscopy and Related Phenomena, 208, p.105 - 110, 2016/04
若林 勇希*; 坂本 祥哉*; 竹田 幸治; 石上 啓介*; 高橋 文雄*; 斎藤 祐児; 山上 浩志; 藤森 淳*; 田中 雅明*; 大矢 忍*
Scientific Reports (Internet), 6, p.23295_1 - 23295_9, 2016/03
We investigate the local electronic structure and magnetic properties of the group-IV-based ferromagnetic semiconductor, GeFe (GeFe), using soft X-ray magnetic circular dichroism. Our results show that the doped Fe 3 electrons are strongly hybridized with the Ge 4 states, and have a large orbital magnetic moment relative to the spin magnetic moment, namely / 0.1. We find that nanoscale local ferromagnetic regions, which are formed through ferromagnetic exchange interactions in the high-Fe-content regions of the GeFe films, exist even at room temperature, well above the Curie temperature of 20 - 100K. We observe the intriguing nanoscale expansion of the local ferromagnetic regions with decreasing temperature, followed by a transition of the entire film into a ferromagnetic state at the Curie temperature.
坂本 祥哉*; Anh, L. D.*; Hai, P. N.*; 芝田 悟朗*; 竹田 幸治; 小林 正起*; 高橋 文雄*; 小出 常晴*; 田中 雅明*; 藤森 淳*
Physical Review B, 93(3), p.035203_1 - 035203_6, 2016/01
In order to investigate the mechanism of ferromagnetic ordering in the new -type magnetic semiconductor (In,Fe)As codoped with Be, we have performed X-ray absorption spectroscopy and X-ray magnetic circular dichroism (XMCD) studies. The spectral line shapes suggest that the ferromagnetism is intrinsic, originating from Fe atoms incorporated into the zinc-blende-type InAs lattice. The magnetization curves of Fe measured by XMCD were well reproduced by the superposition of a Langevin function representing superparamagnetic (SPM) behavior of nanoscale ferromagnetic domains and a -linear function representing Curie-Weiss paramagnetism even much above the Curie temperatures. The data at 20 K showed a deviation from the Langevin behavior, suggesting a gradual establishment of macroscopic ferromagnetism on lowering temperature. The existence of nanoscale ferromagnetic domains indicated by the SPM behavior suggests spatial fluctuations of Fe concentration on the nanoscale.
石上 啓介*; 吉松 公平*; 豊田 大介*; 滝沢 優*; 吉田 鉄平*; 芝田 悟朗*; 原野 貴幸*; 高橋 文雄*; 門野 利治*; Verma, V. K.*; et al.
Physical Review B, 92(6), p.064402_1 - 064402_5, 2015/08
Thin films of the ferromagnetic metal SrRuO (SRO) show a varying easy magnetization axis depending on the epitaxial strain, and undergo a metal-to-insulator transition with decreasing film thickness. We have investigated the magnetic properties of SRO thin films with varying thicknesses fabricated on SrTiO(001) substrates by soft X-ray magnetic circular dichroism at the Ru M2,3 edge. Results have shown that, with decreasing film thickness, the film changes from ferromagnetic to nonmagnetic at around 3 monolayer thickness, consistent with previous magnetization and magneto-optical Kerr effect measurements. The orbital magnetic moment perpendicular to the film was found to be 0.1B/Ru, and remained nearly unchanged with decreasing film thickness while the spin magnetic moment decreases. A mechanism for the formation of the orbital magnetic moment is discussed based on the electronic structure of the compressively strained SRO film.
藤森 伸一; 大河内 拓雄*; 川崎 郁斗*; 保井 晃*; 竹田 幸治; 岡根 哲夫; 斎藤 祐児; 藤森 淳; 山上 浩志; 芳賀 芳範; et al.
Physical Review B, 91(17), p.174503_1 - 174503_9, 2015/05
小林 正起*; Anh, L. D.*; Hai, P. N.*; 竹田 幸治; 坂本 祥哉*; 門野 利治*; 岡根 哲夫; 斎藤 祐児; 山上 浩志; 原田 慈久*; et al.
Applied Physics Letters, 105(3), p.032403_1 - 032403_4, 2014/07
The electronic and magnetic properties of Fe atoms in the ferromagnetic semiconductor (In,Fe)As codoped with Be have been studied by X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) and X-ray magnetic circular dichroism (XMCD) at the Fe edge. The XAS and XMCD spectra showed simple spectral line shapes similar to Fe metal, but the ratio of the orbital and spin magnetic moments estimated using the XMCD sum rules was significantly larger than that of Fe metal, indicating a significant orbital moment of Fe 3 electrons in (In,Fe)As:Be. The XMCD intensity as a function of magnetic field indicated hysteretic behavior of the superparamagnetic-like component due to discrete ferromagnetic domains. VC
高橋 文雄*; 門野 利治*; 山本 真平*; Singh, V. R.*; Verma, V.*; 石上 啓介*; 芝田 悟朗*; 原野 貴幸*; 竹田 幸治; 岡根 哲夫; et al.
Physical Review B, 90(2), p.024423_1 - 024423_5, 2014/07
We have investigated the spin and orbital magnetic moments of Fe in FePt nanoparticles in the -ordered phase coated with SiO by X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) and X-ray magnetic circular dichroism (XMCD) measurements at the Fe absorption edges. The magnetic coercivity (H) was found to be as large as 1.8 T at room temperature, 3 times larger than the thin film value and 50 times larger than that of the gas phase condensed nanoparticles. The hysteresis curve is well explained by the Stoner-Wohlfarth model for noninteracting single-domain nanoparticles with the H distributed from 1 to 5 T.
藤森 伸一; 川崎 郁斗*; 保井 晃*; 竹田 幸治; 岡根 哲夫; 斎藤 祐児; 藤森 淳; 山上 浩志; 芳賀 芳範; 山本 悦嗣; et al.
JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 3, p.011072_1 - 011072_5, 2014/06