Acharya, U.*; 長谷川 勝一; 今井 憲一*; 佐甲 博之; 佐藤 進; 谷田 聖; PHENIX Collaboration*; 他358名*
Physical Review C, 102(1), p.014902_1 - 014902_23, 2020/07
Charmonium is a valuable probe in heavy-ion collisions to study the properties of the quark gluon plasma, and is also an interesting probe in small collision systems to study cold nuclear matter effects, which are also present in large collision systems. With the recent observations of collective behavior of produced particles in small system collisions, measurements of the modification of harmonium in small systems have become increasingly relevant. We present the results of measurements at forward and backward rapidity in various small collision systems, , Al, Au and HeAu, at =200 GeV. The results are presented in the form of the observable , the nuclear modification factor, a measure of the ratio of the invariant yield compared to the scaled yield in collisions. We examine the rapidity, transverse momentum, and collision centrality dependence of nuclear effects on production with different projectile sizes and He, and different target sizes Al and Au. The modification is found to be strongly dependent on the target size, but to be very similar for Au and HeAu. However, for 0% - 20% central collisions at backward rapidity, the modification for HeAu is found to be smaller than that for Au, with a mean fit to the ratio of (stat)(syst), possibly indicating final state effects due to the larger projectile size.
Ku, Y.*; 谷田 聖; Belle Collaboration*; 他153名*
Physical Review D, 102(1), p.012003_1 - 012003_9, 2020/07
We report searches for and decays, where the energy of the photon is required to be larger than 0.5 GeV. These results are obtained from a data sample that contains pairs and was collected near the resonance with the Belle detector at the KEKB collider. We observe no significant signal for either decay and set upper limits on their branching fractions at confidence level of and .
Chen, Y. Q.*; 谷田 聖; Belle Collaboration*; 他181名*
Physical Review D, 102(1), p.012002_1 - 012002_12, 2020/07
We present the results of the first Dalitz plot analysis of the decay . The analysis is performed on a data set corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 953 collected by the Belle detector at the asymmetric-energy KEKB collider. The Dalitz plot is well described by a combination of the six resonant decay channels , , , , and , together with and S-wave components. The decays and are observed for the first time. We measure ratio of the branching fractions, . Using the Dalitz fit result, the ratio is measured to be ; this is much lower than the theoretical expectations () made under the assumption that is a pure state. The product branching fraction is determined. In addition, the contribution to the resonance shape is confirmed with 10.1 statistical significance using the three-channel Flatte model. We also measure . This is consistent with, and more precise than, the current world average , deviates with a significance of more than from the theoretical predictions of (0.51-0.92)%.
Arifi, A. J.*; 永廣 秀子*; 保坂 淳; 谷田 聖
Physical Review D, 101(11), p.111502_1 - 111502_5, 2020/06
We study the three-body decay of the newly observed bottom baryon by LHCb; . Its mass about 500 MeV above the ground state and a broad width imply that the state could be an analogue of the Roper resonance of the nucleon . In terms of sequential processes going through and , we find that the observed invariant mass distribution is reproduced assuming its spin and parity . We discuss that the ratio of the two sequential processes and angular correlation of two pions are useful for the determination of spin and parity. We suggest further studies for the Roper resonance analogue in various flavor contents, raising an interesting and important question in baryon spectroscopy.
Kim, M. H.*; 谷田 聖; RHICf Collaboration*; 他23名*
Physical Review Letters, 124(25), p.252501_1 - 252501_6, 2020/06
Transverse single-spin asymmetries of very forward neutral pions generated in polarized collisions allow us to understand the production mechanism in terms of perturbative and non-perturbative strong interactions. During 2017 the RHICf Collaboration installed an electromagnetic calorimeter in the zero-degree region of the STAR detector at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) and measured neutral pions produced at pseudorapidity larger than 6 in polarized + collisions at = 510 GeV. The large non-zero asymmetries increasing both in longitudinal momentum fraction and transverse momentum have been observed at low transverse momentum GeV/ for the first time at this collision energy. The asymmetries show an approximate scaling in the region where non-perturbative processes are expected to dominate. A non-negligible contribution from soft processes may be necessary to explain the nonzero neutral pion asymmetries.
Chilikin, K.*; 谷田 聖; Belle Collaboration*; 他194名*
Journal of High Energy Physics (Internet), 2020(5), p.34_1 - 34_22, 2020/05
The first dedicated search for the is carried out using the decays , , , and with . No significant signal is found. For the mass range between and , the branching-fraction upper limits are determined to be , , , and at 90% C. L. The analysis is based on the 711 data sample collected on the resonance by the Belle detector, which operated at the KEKB asymmetric-energy collider.
Seidl, R.*; 谷田 聖; Belle Collaboration*; 他136名*
Physical Review D, 101(9), p.092004_1 - 092004_13, 2020/05
We report new measurements of the production cross sections of pairs of charged pions and kaons as a function of their fractional energies using various fractional-energy definitions. Two different fractional-energy definitions were used and compared to the conventional fractional-energy definition reported previously. The new variables aim at either identifying dihadron cross sections in terms of single-hadron fragmentation functions, or to provide a means of characterizing the transverse momentum created in the fragmentation process. The results were obtained applying the updated initial-state radiation correction used in other recent Belle publications on light-hadron production cross sections. In addition, production cross sections of single charged pions, kaons, and protons were also updated using this initial-state radiation correction. The cross sections are obtained from a 558 fb data sample collected at the resonance with the Belle detector at the KEKB asymmetric-energy collider.
Jia, S.*; 谷田 聖; Belle Collaboration*; 他175名*
Physical Review D, 101(9), p.091101_1 - 091101_8, 2020/05
We report the measurement of via initial-state radiation using a data sample of an integrated luminosity of 921.9 fb collected with the Belle detector at the and nearby. We find evidence for an enhancement with a 3.4 significance in the invariant mass of The measured mass and width are and , respectively. The mass, width, and quantum numbers of this enhancement are consistent with the charmonium-like state at 4626 MeV/ recently reported by Belle in The product of the cross section and the branching fraction of is measured from threshold to 5.6 GeV.
Arifi, A. J.*; 永廣 秀子*; 保坂 淳; 谷田 聖
Physical Review D, 101(9), p.094023_1 - 094023_17, 2020/05
We study three-body decays of by using effective Lagrangians in a non-relativistic framework. We consider the sequential decays through and in intermediate states which are dominant contributions. The coupling constants in the effective Lagrangians are computed in the quark model. We demonstrate that the ratio and angular correlations are sensitive to the spin and parity of . Thus, the measurement of these observables in experimental facilities such as Belle and LHCb can provide useful constraints to determine the spin and parity of .
足立 一郎*; 谷田 聖; Belle II Collaboration*; 他358名*
Physical Review Letters, 124(14), p.141801_1 - 141801_9, 2020/04
Theories beyond the standard model often predict the existence of an additional neutral boson, the . Using data collected by the Belle II experiment during 2018 at the SuperKEKB collider, we perform the first searches for the invisible decay of a in the process and of a lepton-flavor-violating in . We do not find any excess of events and set 90% credibility level upper limits on the cross sections of these processes. We translate the former, in the framework of an theory, into upper limits on the coupling constant at the level of - for GeV/.
Caria, G.*; 谷田 聖; Belle Collaboration*; 他202名*
Physical Review Letters, 124(16), p.161803_1 - 161803_8, 2020/04
The experimental results on the ratios of branching fractions and , where denotes an electron or a muon, show a long-standing discrepancy with the Standard Model predictions, and might hint to a violation of lepton flavor universality. We report a new simultaneous measurement of and , based on a data sample containing events recorded at the resonance with the Belle detector at the KEKB collider. In this analysis the tag-side meson is reconstructed in a semileptonic decay mode and the signal-side is reconstructed in a purely leptonic decay. The measured values are and , where the first uncertainties are statistical and the second are systematic. These results are in agreement with the Standard Model predictions within , and standard deviations for , and their combination, respectively. This work constitutes the most precise measurements of and performed to date as well as the first result for based on a semileptonic tagging method.
Aidala, C.*; 長谷川 勝一; 今井 憲一*; 佐甲 博之; 佐藤 進; 谷田 聖; PHENIX Collaboration*; 他297名*
Physical Review C, 101(3), p.034910_1 - 034910_16, 2020/03
The PHENIX experiment has studied nuclear effects in Al and Au collisions at GeV on charged hadron production at forward rapidity (, -going direction) and backward rapidity (, -going direction). Such effects are quantified by measuring nuclear modification factors as a function of transverse momentum and pseudorapidity in various collision multiplicity selections. In central Al and Au collisions, a suppression (enhancement) is observed at forward (backward) rapidity compared to the binary scaled yields in + collisions. The magnitude of enhancement at backward rapidity is larger in Au collisions than in Al collisions, which have a smaller number of participating nucleons. However, the results at forward rapidity show a similar suppression within uncertainties. The results in the integrated centrality are compared with calculations using nuclear parton distribution functions, which show a reasonable agreement at the forward rapidity but fail to describe the backward rapidity enhancement.
Acharya, U. A.*; 長谷川 勝一; 今井 憲一*; 永宮 正治*; 佐甲 博之; 佐藤 進; 谷田 聖; PHENIX Collaboration*; 他353名*
Physical Review D, 101(5), p.052006_1 - 052006_13, 2020/03
The PHENIX experiment at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider has measured the differential cross section, mean transverse momentum, mean transverse momentum squared of inclusive and cross-section ratio of to at forward rapidity in collisions at GeV via the dimuon decay channel. Comparison is made to inclusive cross sections measured at GeV and 2.76 - 13 TeV. The result is also compared to leading-order nonrelativistic QCD calculations coupled to a color-glass-condensate description of the low- gluons in the proton at low transverse momentum () and to next-to-leading order nonrelativistic QCD calculations for the rest of the range. These calculations overestimate the data at low . While consistent with the data within uncertainties above GeV/, the calculations are systematically below the data. The total cross section times the branching ratio is BR GeV/) = 54.3 0.5 (stat) 5.5 (syst) nb.
Chu, K.*; 谷田 聖; Belle Collaboration*; 他176名*
Physical Review D, 101(5), p.052012_1 - 052012_8, 2020/03
Using a data sample of BB pairs collected on the resonance with the Belle detector at the KEKB asymmetric-energy collider, we report the observations of and . We measure a decay branching fraction of in for with a significance of 5.5 standard deviations. The contribution from is excluded. We measure a decay branching fraction of for with with a significance of 5.4 standard deviations. We study the difference of the distributions in and .
Katrenko, P.*; 谷田 聖; Belle Collaboration*; 他168名*
Physical Review Letters, 124(12), p.122001_1 - 122001_7, 2020/03
We report the first observation of the radiative decay of the into a charmonium state. The statistical significance of the observed signal of is 6.3 standard deviations including systematics. The branching fraction is calculated to be Br() = . We also searched for radiative decays into and and set upper limits on their branching fractions. These results are obtained from a 24.9 fb data sample collected with the Belle detector at the KEKB asymmetric-energy collider at a center-of-mass energy equal to the mass using tagging by the transitions.
Abudinn, F.*; 谷田 聖; Belle II Collaboration*; 他420名*
Chinese Physics C, 44(2), p.021001_1 - 021001_12, 2020/02
From April to July 2018, a data sample at the peak energy of the resonance was collected with the Belle II detector at the SuperKEKB electron-positron collider. This is the first data sample of the Belle II experiment. Using Bhabha and digamma events, we measure the integrated luminosity of the data sample to be () pb, where the first uncertainty is statistical and the second is systematic. This work provides a basis for future luminosity measurements at Belle II.
Kou, E.*; 谷田 聖; Belle II Collaboration*; 他537名*
Progress of Theoretical and Experimental Physics (Internet), 2020(2), p.029201_1 - 029201_6, 2020/02
In the original version of this manuscript, an error was introduced on pp.352. "2.7nb:1.6nb" has been corrected to "2.4nb:1.3nb" in the current online and printed version.
Li, Y.*; 谷田 聖; Belle Collaboration*; 他175名*
Physical Review D, 100(11), p.112010_1 - 112010_8, 2019/12
Using the data sample of 711 fb of on-resonance data taken by the Belle detector at the KEKB asymmetric-energy electron-positron collider, we present the first measurements of branching fractions of the decays , , and . The signal yields for these decays are extracted from the recoil mass spectrum of the system recoiling against baryons in selected candidates. The branching fraction of is measured to be , where the first uncertainty is statistical and the second is systematic. The 90% credibility level upper limits on and are determined to be and , respectively.
Jia, S.*; 谷田 聖; Belle Collaboration*; 他172名*
Physical Review D, 100(11), p.111103_1 - 111103_8, 2019/12
Using a data sample of 921.9 fb collected with the Belle detector, we study the process of via initial-state radiation. We report the first observation of a vector charmoniumlike state decaying to with a significance of 5.9, including the systematic uncertainties. The measured mass and width are and , respectively. The product of the cross section and the branching fraction of is measured from the threshold to 5.59 GeV.
Kou, E.*; 谷田 聖; Belle II Collaboration*; 他537名*
Progress of Theoretical and Experimental Physics (Internet), 2019(12), p.123C01_1 - 123C01_654, 2019/12
We present the physics program of the Belle II experiment, located on the intensity frontier SuperKEKB collider. Belle II collected its first collisions in 2018, and is expected to operate for the next decade. It is anticipated to collect 50/ab of collision data over its lifetime. This book is the outcome of a joint effort of Belle II collaborators and theorists through the Belle II theory interface platform (B2TiP), an effort that commenced in 2014. The aim of B2TiP was to elucidate the potential impacts of the Belle II program, which includes a wide scope of physics topics: B physics, charm, tau, quarkonium, electroweak precision measurements and dark sector searches. It is composed of nine working groups (WGs), which are coordinated by teams of theorist and experimentalists conveners: Semileptonic and leptonic B decays, Radiative and Electroweak penguins, and (time-dependent CP violation) measurements, measurements, Charmless hadronic B decay, Charm, Quarkonium(-like), tau and low-multiplicity processes, new physics and global fit analyses. This book highlights "golden- and silver-channels", i.e. those that would have the highest potential impact in the field. Theorists scrutinised the role of those measurements and estimated the respective theoretical uncertainties, achievable now as well as prospects for the future. Experimentalists investigated the expected improvements with the large dataset expected from Belle II, taking into account improved performance from the upgraded detector.