梶本 亮一; 石角 元志*; 吉良 弘*; 金子 耕士; 中村 充孝; 蒲沢 和也*; 稲村 泰弘; 池内 和彦*; 飯田 一樹*; 村井 直樹; et al.
Physica B; Condensed Matter, 556, p.26 - 30, 2019/03
Magnets are important for studying magnetism and are commonly used as sample environment devices of neutron scattering instruments. However, the use of magnets was prevented at the time-of-flight direct-geometry neutron spectrometer 4SEASONS in Materials and Life Science Experimental Facility (MLF) at J-PARC, because the instrument is surrounded by iron components, and it is equipped with a piece of equipment operated with magnetic bearings. In the present work, we investigate the influence of stray magnetic fields from a superconducting magnet which is shared among neutron scattering instruments in MLF. Based on the investigation, we modified 4SEASONS such that it can be used with the magnet. Finally, we successfully performed the first inelastic neutron scattering experiments with applied magnetic fields using this sample environment.
金子 耕士; Frontzek, M. D.*; 松田 雅昌*; 中尾 朗子*; 宗像 孝司*; 大原 高志; 垣花 将司*; 芳賀 芳範; 辺土 正人*; 仲間 隆男*; et al.
Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 88, p.013702_1 - 013702_5, 2019/01
Magnetic transitions in chiral antiferromagnet EuPtSi were investigated by means of single crystal neutron diffraction. In the ground state, magnetic peaks emerge at positions represented by =. Upon heating, an additional magnetic peak splitting around 2.5 K was uncovered, indicating a presence of a first-order transition with =. An half-polarized neutron scattering for polarization parallel to Q reveled that polarization antiparallel to Q has stronger intensity in both magnetic phases. This feature clarifies single chiral character of helical structure with moments normal to the ordering vector in both ordered states. Under vertical magnetic field along [1,1,1] in the phase, magnetic peaks form hexagonal patterns in the equatorial scattering plane around nuclear. An ordering vector of the -phase has the similar size in the periodicity to , and could be a hallmark of a formation of skyrmion lattice in EuPtSi.
Cheung, Y. W.*; Hu, Y. J.*; 今井 正樹*; 谷奥 泰明*; 金川 響*; 村川 譲一*; 森山 広大*; Zhang, W.*; Lai, K. T.*; 吉村 一良*; et al.
Physical Review B, 98(16), p.161103_1 - 161103_5, 2018/10
Approaching a quantum critical point has been an effective route to stabilize superconductivity. While the role of magnetic QCPs has been extensively discussed, similar exploration of a structural QCP is scarce. Using inelastic X-ray scattering, we examine the phonon spectrum of the nonmagnetic quasi-skutterudite (CaSr)RhSn, which represents a precious system to explore the interplay between structural instabilities and superconductivity by tuning the Ca concentration x. We unambiguously detect the softening of phonon modes around the M point on cooling towards the structural transition. Intriguingly, at x = 0:85, the soft mode energy squared at the M point extrapolates to zero at -5.7 K, providing the first compelling microscopic evidence of a structural QCP in (CaSr)RhSn. The enhanced phonon density-of-states at low energy provides the essential ingredient for realizing strong-coupling superconductivity near the structural QCP.
筒井 智嗣*; 金子 耕士; Pospisil, J.; 芳賀 芳範
Physica B; Condensed Matter, 536, p.24 - 27, 2018/05
Inelastic X-ray scattering (IXS) experiments of RTAl ( = La Ce, = Cu, Au) were carried out at 300 and 5.5 K. The spectra between LaCuAl and CeCuAl (LaAuAl and CeAuAl) are nearly identical at both temperatures except for temperature factors such as temperature dependence of Bose factor in IXS spectra and effect on thermal expansion. This means that no evident temperature dependence of IXS spectra was observed in CeTAl ( = Cu, Au).
末國 晃一郎*; Lee, C. H.*; 田中 博己*; 西堀 英治*; 中村 篤*; 笠井 秀隆*; 森 仁志*; 臼井 秀知*; 越智 正之*; 長谷川 巧*; et al.
Advanced Materials, 30(13), p.1706230_1 - 1706230_6, 2018/03
Cheung, Y. W.*; Hu, Y. J.*; Goh, S. K.*; 金子 耕士; 筒井 智嗣; Logg, P. W.*; Grosche, F. M.*; 金川 響*; 谷奥 泰明*; 今井 正樹*; et al.
Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 807(3), p.032002_1 - 032002_4, 2017/04
(CaSr)RhSn is a member of the substitution series (CaSr)RhSn which has recently been argued to feature a structural quantum critical point at = 0.9. In the stoichiometric compound SrRhSn, the structural transition at 138 K has been shown to be a second-order phase transition. Moving towards xc, we examine the character of the structural transition in (CaSr)RhSn (i.e. = 0.5, 55 K) using electrical resistivity, heat capacity and X-ray scattering. The absence of the thermal hysteresis in specific heat around , and the continuous evolution of the superlattice reflection detected by X-ray diffraction are consistent with the scenario that the structural transition associated with a modulation vector = (0.5, 0.5, 0) in (CaSr)RhSn remains second-order on approaching the quantum critical point.
川崎 卓郎; 金子 耕士; 仲村 愛*; 阿曽 尚文*; 辺土 正人*; 仲間 隆男*; 大原 高志; 鬼柳 亮嗣; 及川 健一; 田村 格良; et al.
Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 85(11), p.114711_1 - 114711_5, 2016/11
The magnetic structure of the intermetallic compound EuGa was investigated using single-crystal neutron diffraction with TOF Laue technique on the new diffractometer SENJU at MLF of J-PARC. Despite of the high neutron absorption of Eu, a vast number of diffraction spots were observed without isotope enrichment. The magnetic reflections appeared at 2 below 16 K, indicating that the ordering vector is = (0, 0, 0). The continuous evolution of the magnetic reflection intensity below T follows a squared Brillouin function for = 7/2. By adopting a wavelength-dependent absorption collection, the magnetic structure of EuGa revealed that a nearly full magnetic moment of 6.4 B of Eu lies within the basal plane of the lattice.
Mufti, N.*; 金子 耕士; Hoser, A.*; Gutmann, M.*; Geibel, C.*; Krellner, C.*; Stockert, O.*
Physical Review B, 94(4), p.045116_1 - 045116_8, 2016/07
We report on the results of powder and single crystal neutron diffraction to investigate the magnetic order in YbCoSi below the Nel temperature ,K in detail. Two different magnetically ordered phases can clearly be distinguished. At lowest temperatures a commensurate magnetic structure with a propagation vector is found, while the intermediate phase (,K) is characterized by an incommensurate magnetic structure with . The magnetic structure in YbCoSi is in marked contrast to all other known CoSi compounds ( = rare earth element) likely due to some itineracy of the Yb 4f states being responsible for the magnetism.
Cheung, Y. W.*; Zhang, J. Z.*; Zhu, J. Y.*; Yu, W. C.*; Hu, Y. J.*; Wang, D. G.*; 大友 優香*; 岩佐 和晃*; 金子 耕士; 今井 正樹*; et al.
Physical Review B, 93(24), p.241112_1 - 241112_5, 2016/06
The quasi-skutterudite superconductor LaCoSn undergoes a phase transition at = 152 K. By measuring the temperature dependence of heat capacity, electrical resistivity, and the superlattice reflection intensity using X-ray, we explore the character of the phase transition at . Our lattice dynamic calculations found imaginary phonon frequencies around the point, when the high temperature structure is used in the calculations, indicating that the structure is unstable at the zero temperature limit. The combined experimental and computational results establish that is associated with a second-order structural transition with = (0.5, 0.5, 0) (or the point). Further electronic band structure calculations reveal Fermi surface sheets with low-curvature segments, which allow us to draw qualitative comparison with both SrIrSn and SrRhSn in which similar physics has been discussed recently.
大原 高志; 鬼柳 亮嗣; 及川 健一; 金子 耕士; 川崎 卓郎; 田村 格良; 中尾 朗子*; 花島 隆泰*; 宗像 孝司*; 茂吉 武人*; et al.
Journal of Applied Crystallography, 49(1), p.120 - 127, 2016/02
SENJU, a time-of-flight Laue-type single-crystal neutron diffractometer, was developed at the Materials and Life Science Experimental Facility (MLF) of the Japan Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC). Molecular structure analysis of a sub-millimeter taurine crystal and magnetic structure analysis of a MnF crystal were performed to evaluate its performance.
三田村 裕之*; 綿貫 竜太*; 金子 耕士; 榊原 俊郎*
固体物理, 50(12), p.821 - 832, 2015/12
小林 理気*; 金子 耕士; 斉藤 耕太郎*; Mignot, J.-M.*; Andr, G.*; Robert, J.*; 脇本 秀一; 松田 雅昌*; Chi, S.*; 芳賀 芳範; et al.
Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 83(10), p.104707_1 - 104707_5, 2014/10
The effect of electron doping by the substitution of Rh for Ru on unconventional magnetic order in CeRuAl was investigated via neutron powder diffraction. In Ce(RuRh)Al with = 0.05, 0.12, 0.2, reorientation of the ordered moment from the - to the -axis takes place in all samples, while the ordering vector = (0 1 0) remains unchanged within this concentration range. The moment reorientation is accompanied by an enhancement in its size by a factor of 2.4, from =0.43 at = 0 to =1.06, 1.04, and 1.02 for = 0.05, 0.12 and 0.2, respectively. The continuous decrease in Nel temperature (), despite an abrupt increase in , underlines the strong anisotropy in the exchange interaction in CeRuAl, and the fact that this anisotropy is easily suppressed by electron doping.
三田村 裕之*; 綿貫 竜太*; 金子 耕士; 小野崎 紀道*; 天羽 祐太*; 橘高 俊一郎*; 小林 理気*; 志村 恭通*; 山本 勲*; 鈴木 和也*; et al.
Physical Review Letters, 113(14), p.147202_1 - 147202_5, 2014/10
Magnetic field () variation of the electrical polarization (c) of the perfect triangular lattice antiferromagnet RbFe (MoO) is examined up to the saturation point of the magnetization for B. is observed only in phases for which chirality is predicted in the in-plane magnetic structures. No strong anomaly is observed in at the field at which the spin modulation along the c axis exhibits a discontinuity to the commensurate state. These results indicate that ferroelectricity in this compound originates predominantly from triangular-spin chirality. The obtained field-temperature phase diagrams of ferroelectricity well agree with those theoretically predicted for the spin chirality of a Heisenberg spin triangular lattice antiferromagnet.
金子 耕士; Raymond, S.*; Ressouche, E.*; Lapertot, G.*; 竹内 徹也*; 広瀬 雄介*; 本多 史憲*; 大貫 惇睦
JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 3, p.011061_1 - 011061_5, 2014/06
YbCoZn has a heavy-fermion ground state with an enormously large Sommerfeld coefficient of 8 J/molK, and that is sensitive to external fields. Whereas pressure induces antiferromagnetic order, magnetic field induces metamagnetic transitions around 0.5 T, and new ordered state appears above 6 T for . In order to get insights into electronic states and its magnetic field response, neutron scattering experiments on single crystalline samples were carried. In a field-induced phase, magnetic reflections were successfully observed, which has a different propagation vector to that of pressure induced phase. Inelastic neutron scattering probes a crystal-field excitation at a low excitation energy which overlaps to quasielastic response. The results suggest degenerated energy scale, and that leads to variety of external response in YbCoZn.
筒井 智嗣; 金子 耕士; 宮崎 亮一*; 東中 隆二*; 青木 勇二*; 小林 理気*; 脇本 秀一; Baron, A. Q. R.*; 菅原 仁*; 佐藤 英行*
JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 3, p.011060_1 - 011060_5, 2014/06
We have investigated the Ru/Os concentration dependence of the Pr guest mode in Pr(OsRu)Sb and its variation with temperature. The Pr guest mode at 3.2 meV in PrOsSb at the N point linearly shifts to a higher energy with the substitution of Ru into the Os site. The energy of the Pr guest mode decreases with decreasing temperature for all compositions, indicating the presence of an anharmonic potential at the Pr site. The slope of the temperature dependence of the guest mode energy is steeper for pure PrOsSb than for the other Pr(OsRu)Sb compounds we measured. The present results imply the importance of the transition metal in determining anharmonicity in Pr(OsRu)Sb.
金子 耕士; Stockert, O.*; Fk, B.*; Raymond, S.*; Skoulatos, M.*; 竹内 徹也*; 大貫 惇睦*
Physical Review B, 89(24), p.241105_1 - 241105_5, 2014/06
The effect of magnetic field on the static and dynamic spin correlations in the non-centrosymmetric heavy-fermion superconductor CePtSi was investigated by neutron scattering. The application of a magnetic field B increases the antiferromagnetic (AFM) peak intensity. This increase depends strongly on the field direction: for the intensity increases by a factor of 4.6 at a field of 6.6T, which corresponds to more than a doubling of the AFM moment, while the moment increases by only 10% for at 5T. This is in strong contrast to the inelastic response near the antiferromagnetic ordering vector, where no marked field variations are observed for up to 3.8T. The results reveal that the AFM state in CePtSi, which coexists with superconductivity, is distinctly different from other unconventional superconductors.
及川 健一; 川崎 卓郎; 大原 高志; 鬼柳 亮嗣; 金子 耕士; 田村 格良; 中村 龍也; 原田 正英; 中尾 朗子*; 花島 隆泰*; et al.
JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 1, p.014013_1 - 014013_5, 2014/03
新しいTOF型単結晶中性子回折装置がJ-PARC/MLFのBL18に設置された。本装置「SENJU」は、低温高磁場のような多重極限環境下において1.0mm未満の小さな単結晶を使用して精密な結晶構造や磁気構造解析を実現するために設計された。2012年3月5日に、本装置へ初中性子が導かれ、その後SENJUのハードウェア及びソフトウェアが設計通り機能していることが確認された。また、幾つかの有機及び無機の標準的な単結晶を用いて回折実験が行われた。これらの測定では、高いQ領域(d 0.5 のブラッグ反射が明確に測定され、精度よく解析された。発表では、SENJUの装置設計及びその性能評価を詳細に報告する。
川崎 卓郎; 金子 耕士; 阿曽 尚文*; 仲村 愛*; 辺土 正人*; 仲間 隆男*; 大貫 惇睦*; 大原 高志; 鬼柳 亮嗣; 及川 健一; et al.
JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 1, p.014009_1 - 014009_4, 2014/03
Single crystal neutron diffraction measurement of EuGa has been carried out using time-of-flight single crystal neutron diffractometer SENJU at BL18 in MLF/J-PARC. In spite of extremely high neutron absorption of natural Eu, significant numbers of Bragg reflection were observed. Lattice parameters and Bravais lattice at above (=15 K) obtained from the positions and systematic extinction of the reflections were well agreed with the result of single crystal X-ray diffraction. Further, magnetic reflections were clearly observed at below at the positions of forbidden reflections of body-centered lattice of EuGa. An antiferromagnetic structure with the propagation vector = 0 was clarified.
小林 理気; 金子 耕士; 脇本 秀一; Chi, S.*; 眞田 直幸*; 綿貫 竜太*; 鈴木 和也*
Journal of the Korean Physical Society, 63(3), p.337 - 340, 2013/08
We have studied the magnetic structure of HoCoGa which shows successive magnetic phase transition at = 9.6 K and = 7.5 K by using powder neutron diffraction. The data indicates magnetic reflection peaks with propagation vector = (1/2 0 0.35) at (AFIC phase), and then the propagation vector changes to = (1/2 0 1/2) below (AFC phase). In addition, the temperature dependence of magnetic reflection intensity shows temperature hysteresis at . These results suggest that the transition at is an incommensurate to commensurate first order transition. From our analysis, we have decided that the magnetic structure at 3.5 K is collinear antiferromagnetic one with propagation vector , and magnitude of magnetic moment is 8.6(2) along the -axis. This structure is same as TbCoGa which is proposed existence of component separated magnetic order due to the competition between magnetic and quadrupolar interactions.
下条 豊; 井畑 良明; 金子 耕士; 武田 全康
JAEA-Testing 2012-005, 63 Pages, 2013/02