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論文

Effect of topsoil removal and selective countermeasures on radiocesium accumulation in rice plants in Fukushima paddy field

Yang, B.*; 恩田 裕一*; 大森 良弘*; 関本 均*; 藤原 徹*; 脇山 義史*; 吉村 和也; 高橋 純子*; Sun, X.*

Science of the Total Environment, 603-604, p.49 - 56, 2017/12

 被引用回数:1 パーセンタイル:83.76(Environmental Sciences)

In this study, the effect of topsoil removal measure and fertilizer application on radiocesium uptake by rice plants was investigated over a four-year period. The results indicate that the effect of topsoil removal measure on the accumulation of radiocesium in rice plants was effective. We summarized four year's data to further confirm that potassium and nitrogen fertilizers had an opposite effect on the accumulation of radiocesium in rice plants. Increasing potassium and reducing nitrogen fertilizer conditions tended to inhibit the radiocesium uptake by rice plants.

論文

Progress of divertor simulation research toward the realization of detached plasma using a large tandem mirror device

中嶋 洋輔*; 武田 寿人*; 市村 和也*; 細井 克洋*; 大木 健輔*; 坂本 瑞樹*; 平田 真史*; 市村 真*; 池添 竜也*; 今井 剛*; et al.

Journal of Nuclear Materials, 463, p.537 - 540, 2015/08

 被引用回数:15 パーセンタイル:5.53(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

A divertor simulation experimental module (D-module) with a V-shaped divertor target is installed in the west end-sell in GAMMA 10 large tandem mirror device, and a hydrogen plasma irradiation experiment to the target have been started to investigate radiation cooling mechanism on the target. A gas injection system is installed in the D-module and Langmuir probe and calorie meter array are mounted on the target plate. During the plasma irradiation, the highest electron density of 2.4 $$times$$ 10$$^{18}$$ m$$^{-3}$$ and a significant reduction of the electron temperature from a few tens of eV to 2 eV are achieved on the target plate by hydrogen and noble gas injection into the D-module.

論文

Depth profiles of radioactive cesium in soil using a scraper plate over a wide area surrounding the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant, Japan

松田 規宏; 三上 智; 下浦 享*; 高橋 純子*; 中野 雅和; 島田 清貴*; 宇野 騎一郎; 萩原 成朝; 斎藤 公明

Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, 139, p.427 - 434, 2015/01

 被引用回数:42 パーセンタイル:4.57(Environmental Sciences)

Depth profiles of radioactive cesium from the Fukushima accident in soils was obtained using a scraper plate three times between December 2011 and December 2012. In most of the obtained depth profiles, it was possible to fit the concentration to a function of mass depth as either an exponential or sech function. By using those functions, following three parameters were estimated: (1) relaxation mass depth $$beta$$ (g cm$$^{-2}$$), (2) effective relaxation mass depth $$beta$$$$_{eff}$$ (g cm$$^{-2}$$), and (3) 1/10 depth L$$_{1/10}$$ (cm). It was observed that depth profiles at some study sites deviated from the typical exponential distributions over time. Downward migration rate V (kg m$$^{-2}$$ y$$^{-1}$$) estimated by the sech function were in good agreement with those found by a realistic approach using a diffusion and migration model.

論文

Progress of the ITER central solenoid model coil programme

辻 博史; 奥野 清*; Thome, R.*; Salpietro, E.*; Egorov, S. A.*; Martovetsky, N.*; Ricci, M.*; Zanino, R.*; Zahn, G.*; Martinez, A.*; et al.

Nuclear Fusion, 41(5), p.645 - 651, 2001/05

 被引用回数:51 パーセンタイル:14.48(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

ITERを構成する3群の超伝導コイルでは、中心ソレノイド・コイルが最も高い磁場13Tを0.4T/s以上の速度で急速励起するパルス動作が要求される点で、最も技術的難度の高いコイルである。そこで中心ソレノイド・コイル工学設計の妥当性を確認し、併せてコイルの製作技術を開発する目的で、中心ソレノイド・モデル・コイルの開発が進められてきた。約8年をかけて完成したモデル・コイルの実験がこの程、国際共同作業として原研で実施され、技術開発目標をすべて満足する実験成果と貴重な技術データが得られた。

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