Stryjczyk, M.*; Andel, B.*; Andreyev, A. N.; Cubiss, J.*; Pakarinen, J.*; 他43名*
Physical Review C, 102(2), p.024322_1 - 024322_9, 2020/08
Decay spectroscopy of the long-lived states in Tl has been performed at ISOLDE, CERN. The decay from the low-spin (2) state in Tl was observed for the first time and a half-life was determined. Based on the -decay energy, the relative positions of the long-lived states were fixed, with the (2) state as the ground state, the 7 state at 77(56) keV, and the 10 state at 451(56) keV. The level scheme of the internal decay of the Tl(10) state, which was known to decay solely through emission of 374-keV -ray transition, was extended and a lower limit for the -decay branching b 5.9(3)% was determined. The extracted retardation factors for the decay of the 10 state were compared to the available data in neighboring odd-odd thallium isotopes indicating the importance of the d shell in the isomeric decay and significant structure differences between Tl and Tl.
Andel, B.*; Andreyev, A. N.; Antalic, S.*; Al Monthery, M.*; Barzakh, A.*; Bissell, M. L.*; Chrysalidis, K.*; 他29名*
Physical Review C, 102(1), p.014319_1 - 014319_12, 2020/07
-delayed fission (DF) decay of a low-spin (ls) and a high-spin (hs) isomer in Bi was studied at the ISOLDE facility at CERN. Their DF partial half-lives were determined: , DF(Bi)= 5.6(8) 10 s and , DF(Bi)=1.7(6) 10 s. This work is the first DF study of two states in one isotope and allows the spin dependence of low-energy fission to be explored. The fission fragment mass distribution of a daughter nuclide Pb, following the decay of the high-spin isomer, was deduced and indicates a mixture of symmetric and asymmetric fission modes.
Benito, J.*; Fraile, L. M.*; Korgul, A.*; Piersa, M.*; Adamska, E.*; Andreyev, A. N.; lvarez-Rodrguez, R.*; 他81名*
Physical Review C, 102(1), p.014328_1 - 014328_18, 2020/07
The structure of the doubly magic Sn has been investigated at the ISOLDE facility at CERN, populated both by the -decay of In and --delayed neutron emission of In. The level scheme of Sn is greatly expanded with the addition of 68 -ray transitions and 17 levels. The identification of particle-hole multiplets both for protons and neutrons and the transition rates connecting different particle-hole configurations may provide input on the two-body matrix elements and single-particle states for state-of-the-art calculations.
Barzakh, A. E.*; Atanasov, D.*; Andreyev, A. N.; Al Monthery, M.*; Althubiti, N. A.*; Andel, B.*; Antalic, S.*; Blaum, K.*; 他34名*
Physical Review C, 101(6), p.064321_1 - 064321_7, 2020/06
Hyperfine-structure parameters and isotope shift of the isomeric state in Au relative to Au for the 267.6-nm atomic transition have been measured for the first time using the in-source resonance-ionization spectroscopy technique. The magnetic dipole moment and change in the mean-square charge radius for this isomer have been deduced. The observed large isomer shift relative to the ground state in Au confirms the occurrence of the shape coexistence in Au proposed earlier from the analysis of the nuclear spectroscopic data and particle plus triaxial rotor calculations. The analysis of the magnetic moment supports the previously proposed ,  assignment at moderate prolate deformation for Au.
Barzakh, A. E.*; Atanasov, D.*; Andreyev, A. N.; Al Monthery, M.*; Althubiti, N. A.*; Andel, B.*; Antalic, S.*; Blaum, K.*; 他39名*
Physical Review C, 101(3), p.034308_1 - 034308_9, 2020/03
Hyperfine-structure constants for the = 11/2 gold isomers Au have been measured at CERN-ISOLDE, using the in-source laser resonance-ionization spectroscopy technique. From the measured hyperfine constants the differences between hyperfine anomalies have been deduced. These differential hyperfine anomaly values have been used to determine the hyperfine anomaly relative to the stable Au with advanced atomic calculations. Magnetic dipole moments for the gold isomers in question have been deduced, taking into account the corresponding relative hyperfine-anomaly values. It has been shown that the commonly used prescription for the extraction of the magnetic moment values for the gold isotopes should be reconsidered. The magnetic moments calculated by this prescription have been reevaluated by properly accounting for the hyperfine anomaly, which is as large as 10% for several gold isotopes.
Chrysalidis, K.*; Barzakh, A. E.*; Ahmed, R.*; Andreyev, A. N.; Ballof, J.*; Cubiss, J. G.*; Fedorov, D. V.*; Fedosseev, V. N.*; Fraile, L. M.*; Harding, R. D.*; et al.
Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B, 463, p.472 - 475, 2020/01
放射壊変によって生成された多数のジスプロシウム同位体について、ISOLDEのレーザー共鳴イオン源(RILIS)を用いてイオン源内レーザー分光法によって研究した。Dyに対する相対的な同位体シフトを (gs) 共鳴遷移を用いて測定した。電子的因子Fとマスシフト因子Mを導出し、それらを使ってDyとDyの平均自乗荷電半径の変化を初めて決定した。
Cubiss, J. G.*; Harding, R. D.*; Andreyev, A. N.; Althubiti, N.*; Andel, B.*; Antalic, S.*; Barzakh, A. E.*; Cocolios, T. E.*; Day Goodacre, T.*; Farooq-Smith, G. J.*; et al.
Physical Review C, 101(1), p.014314_1 - 014314_4, 2020/01
Sun, M. D.*; Liu, Z.*; Huang, T. H.*; Zhang, W. Q.*; Andreyev, A. N.; Ding, B.*; Wang, J. G.*; Liu, X. Y.*; Lu, H. Y.*; Hou, D. S.*; et al.
Physics Letters B, 800, p.135096_1 - 135096_5, 2020/01
Fine structure in the decay of U was observed in the fusion-evaporation reaction Re(Ar,p3n) by using fast digital pulse processing technique. Two -decay branches of U feeding the ground state and 244 keV excited state of Th were identified by establishing the decay chain UThRaRn. The -particle energy for the ground-state to ground-state transition of U was determined to be 8993(17) keV, 213 keV higher than the previous value, the half-life was updated to be 62s. Evolution of nuclear structure for =131 even- isotones from Po to U was discussed in the frameworks of nuclear mass and reduced -decay width, a weakening octupole deformation in the ground state of U relative to its lighter isotones Ra and Th was suggested.
Ghys, L.*; Andreyev, A. N.; Huyse, M.*; Van Duppen, P.*; Antalic, S.*; Barzakh, A.*; Capponi, L.*; Cocolios, T. E.*; Cubiss, J.*; Derkx, X.*; et al.
Physical Review C, 100(5), p.054310_1 - 054310_13, 2019/11
The aim of this work was to investigate the -decay properties of Fr and daughter products. Neutron-deficient francium nuclei are produced at ISOLDE-CERN bombarding a UCx target with 1.4 GeV protons. Due to the very high statistics and the high beam purity, improved decay data for Fr and its daughters were obtained. The observation of crossover transitions positioned the isomeric high-spin level of At at an excitation energy of 265(3) keV. Half-life values of 4.47(5) s and 1.28(10) s were extracted for the ground state and isomeric state of At and 52(3) ms for the ground-state decay of Fr.
Xiao, Y.*; Go, S.*; Grzywacz, R.*; Orlandi, R.; Andreyev, A. N.; 浅井 雅人; Bentley, M. A.*; de Angelis, G.*; Gross, C. J.*; Hausladen, P.*; et al.
Physical Review C, 100(3), p.034315_1 - 034315_8, 2019/09
A search for super-allowed decay of N=Z nuclei Te and Xe was carried out using a novel recoil-decay scintillator detector at the tandem accelerator facility at Japan Atomic Energy Agency. Inorganic crystal scintillation material of YAP:Ce (Yttrium Aluminium Perovskite) coupled to position-sensitive photo-multiplier tube (PSPMT) was implemented for the first time in a radioactive decay experiment. Residues from the fusion-evaporation reaction Ni+Fe Xe were separated by the JAEA Recoil Mass Separator (RMS) and implanted into the YAP:Ce crystal. decays of neutron-deficient tellurium isotopes were identified and proton-emission of I was observed. No conclusive evidence was found for the decay chain XeTe Sn within 3 days experiment. The cross section limit of 130 pb was obtained for production of two events of Xe, about an order of magnitude below the expectation based on earlier cross section measurements and HIVAP calculations.
Wrzosek-Lipska, K.*; Rezynkina, K.*; Bree, N.*; Zieliska, M.*; Gaffney, L. P.*; Petts, A.*; Andreyev, A. N.; Bastin, B.*; Bender, M.*; Blazhev, A.*; et al.
European Physical Journal A, 55(8), p.130_1 - 130_23, 2019/08
The neutron-deficient mercury isotopes serve as a classical example of shape coexistence, whereby at low energy near-degenerate nuclear states characterized by different shapes appear. The electromagnetic structure of even-mass Hg isotopes was studied using safe-energy Coulomb excitation of neutron-deficient mercury beams delivered by the REX-ISOLDE facility at CERN. The population of 0, 2, and 4 states was observed in all nuclei under study. Reduced matrix elements coupling populated yrast and non-yrast states were extracted, including their relative signs. These are a sensitive probe of shape coexistence and may be used to validate nuclear models. The experimental results are discussed in terms of mixing of two different configurations and are compared with three different model calculations: the Beyond Mean Field model, the Interacting Boson Model with configuration mixing and the General Bohr Hamiltonian. Partial agreement with experiment was observed, hinting to missing ingredients in the theoretical descriptions.
Kean, K. R.; 西尾 勝久; 廣瀬 健太郎; Vermeulen, M. J.; 牧井 宏之; Orlandi, R.; 塚田 和明; Andreyev, A. N.; Tsekhanovich, I.*; 千葉 敏*
Physical Review C, 100(1), p.014611_1 - 014611_6, 2019/07
The validity of the multinucleon transfer (MNT) approach for deduction of fission barrier heights was investigated in an experiment carried out at the JAEA tandem accelerator facility. By using the O+Np reaction, fission barrier heights were inferred from fission probabilities of the nuclei Np and Pu produced in the and transfer channels, respectively. The deduced values of fission barriers agree well with the literature data, thus demonstrating the potential of the MNT reactions for obtaining fission-barrier data for nuclei not accessible for fission studies via neutron- or light charged particle-induced reactions.
Gillespie, S. A.*; Andreyev, A. N.; Al Monthery, M.*; Barton, C. J.*; Antalic, S.*; Auranen, K.*; Badran, H.*; Cox, D.*; Cubiss, J. G.*; O'Donnell, D.*; et al.
Physical Review C, 99(6), p.064310_1 - 064310_6, 2019/06
An experiment has been performed to study excited states in the neutron-deficient nucleus Ir via the use of the JUROGAM II high-purity germanium detector array and the RITU gas-filled separator at JYFL, Jyvskyl. By using isomer tagging, an isomeric state with a half-life of 6.58(15) s has been observed in Ir for the first time. It has been established that the isomer decays via a 45.2 () - 26.1 () keV cascade to new states below the previously reported ground state in Ir with . We now reassign this state to the isomeric state discovered in this study.
Cubiss, J. G.*; Andreyev, A. N.; Barzakh, A. E.*; Andel, B.*; Antalic, S.*; Cocolios, T. E.*; Day Goodacre, T.*; Fedorov, D. V.*; Fedosseev, V. N.*; Ferrer, R.*; et al.
Physical Review C, 99(6), p.064317_1 - 064317_6, 2019/06
Berry, T. A.*; Podolyk, Zs.*; Carroll, R. J.*; Lic, R.*; Grawe, H.*; Timofeyuk, N. K.*; Alexander, T.*; Andreyev, A. N.; Ansari, S.*; Borge, M. J. G.*; et al.
Physics Letters B, 793, p.271 - 275, 2019/06
Gamow-Teller decay is forbidden if the number of nodes in the radial wave functions of the initial and final states is different. This = 0 requirement plays a major role in the decay of heavy neutron-rich nuclei, affecting the nucleosynthesis through the increased half-lives of nuclei on the astrophysical -process pathway below both = 50 (for 82) and = 82 (for 126). The level of forbiddenness of the = 1 10 transition has been investigated from the decay of the ground state of Hg into the single-proton-hole nucleus Tl in an experiment at the ISOLDE Decay Station. From statistical observational limits on possible -ray transitions depopulating the 0 state in Tl, an upper limit of 3.910 % was obtained for the probability of this decay, corresponding to log 8.8 within a 95% confidence limit. This is the most stringent test of the = 0 selection rule to date.
Barzakh, A. E.*; Cubiss, J. G.*; Andreyev, A. N.; Seliverstov, M. D.*; Andel, B.*; Antalic, S.*; Ascher, P.*; Atanasov, D.*; Beck, D.*; Biero, J.*; et al.
Physical Review C, 99(5), p.054317_1 - 054317_9, 2019/05
Hyperfine-structure parameters and isotope shifts for the 795-nm atomic transitions in At have been measured at CERN-ISOLDE, using the in-source resonance-ionization spectroscopy technique. Magnetic dipole and electric quadrupole moments, and changes in the nuclear mean-square charge radii, have been deduced. A large inverse odd-even staggering in radii, which may be associated with the presence of octupole collectivity, has been observed. Namely, the radius of the odd-odd isotope At has been found to be larger than the average.
Tsekhanovich, I.*; Andreyev, A. N.; 西尾 勝久; Denis-Petit, D.*; 廣瀬 健太郎; 牧井 宏之; Matheson, Z.*; 森本 幸司*; 森田 浩介*; Nazarewicz, W.*; et al.
Physics Letters B, 790, p.583 - 588, 2019/03
Fragment mass distributions from fission of the excited compound nucleus Pt have been deduced from the measured fragment velocities. The Pt nucleus was created at the JAEA tandem facility in a complete fusion reaction Ar+Nd, at beam energies of 155, 170 and 180 MeV. The data are indicative of a mixture of the mass-asymmetric and mass-symmetric fission modes associated with higher and lower total kinetic energies of the fragments, respectively. The measured fragment yields are dominated by asymmetric mass splits, with the symmetric mode contributing at the level of 1/3. This constitutes the first observation of a multimodal fission in the sub-lead region. Most probable experimental fragment-mass split of the asymmetric mode, / 79/99, is well reproduced by nuclear density functional theory using the UNEDF1-HFB and D1S potentials. The symmetric mode is associated by theory with very elongated fission fragments, which is consistent with the observed total kinetic energy/fragment mass correlation.
Piersa, M.*; Korgul, A.*; Benito, J.*; Andreyev, A. N.; 他75名*
Physical Review C, 99(2), p.024304_1 - 024304_10, 2019/02
Excited states in Sn were investigated through the decay of In at the ISOLDE facility. The ISOLDE Resonance Ionization Laser Ion Source (RILIS) provided isomer-selective ionization for In, allowing us to study separately, and in detail, the -decay branch of In = (9/2) ground state and its = (1/2) isomer. Thanks to the large spin difference of the two -decaying states of In, it is possible to investigate separately the lower and higher spin states in the daughter, Sn, and thus to probe independently different single-particle and single-hole levels. We report here new transitions observed in the decay of In, including those assigned to the deexcitation of the neutron-unbound states.
Marsh, B. A.*; Day Goodacre, T.*; 角田 佑介*; Andreyev, A. N.; 他41名*
Nature Physics, 14(12), p.1163 - 1167, 2018/12
In rare cases, the removal of a single proton (Z) or neutron (N) from an atomic nucleus leads to a dramatic shape change. These instances are crucial for understanding the components of the nuclear interactions that drive deformation. The mercuryisotopes (Z = 80) are a striking example: their close neighbours, the lead isotopes (Z = 82), are spherical and steadily shrink with decreasing N. The even-mass (A = N + Z) mercury isotopes follow this trend. The odd-mass mercury isotopes Hg, however, exhibit noticeably larger charge radii. Due to the experimental difficulties of probing extremely neutron-deficient systems, and the computational complexity of modelling such heavy nuclides, the microscopic origin of this unique shape staggering has remained unclear. Here, by applying resonance ionization spectroscopy, mass spectrometry and nuclear spectroscopy as far as Hg, we determine Hg as the shape-staggering endpoint. By combining our experimental measurements with Monte Carlo shell model calculations, we conclude that this phenomenon results from the interplay between monopole and quadrupole interactions driving a quantum phase transition, for which we identify the participating orbitals. Although shape staggering in the mercury isotopes is a unique and localized feature in the nuclear chart, it nicely illustrates the concurrence of single-particle and collective degrees of freedom at play in atomic nuclei.
Cubiss, J. G.*; Barzakh, A. E.*; Andreyev, A. N.; 他57名*
Physics Letters B, 786, p.355 - 363, 2018/11
The first accurate measurements of the -decay branching ratio and half-life of the I=1/2 ground state in Tl have been made, along with the first determination of the magnetic moments and I=1/2 spin assignments of the ground states in Au. The results are discussed within the complementary systematics of the reduced -decay widths and nuclear g factors of low-lying, I=1/2states in the neutron-deficient lead region. The findings shed light on the unexpected hindrance of the 1/2 1/2, Tl Au decay, which is explained by a mixing of 3sand 2d configurations in Au, whilst Tl remains a near-pure 3s. This conclusion is inferred from the g factor of Au which has an intermediate value between those of 3s and 2d states. A similar mixed configuration is proposed for the I=1/2 ground state of Au. This mixing may provide evidence for triaxial shapes in the ground states in these nuclei.