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Baryon spectroscopy in $$(pi,2pi)$$ reactions with 10$$^{6}$$Hz pion beams at J-PARC

佐甲 博之; 長谷川 勝一; 細見 健二; 市川 裕大; 今井 憲一; Hicks, K.*; Ahn, J. K.*; Kim, S. H.*; Lee, J. W.*; Hwang, S. H.*

Proceedings of Science (Internet), 5 Pages, 2017/05

バリオン励起状態(N$$^{*}$$,$$Delta^{*}$$)は長年にわたって研究されてきたが、その性質や質量スペクトルに関する我々の知見は大変限られている。最近、Dynamical-Couple Channel (DCC)模型の発展により、$$(pi,2pi)$$反応がこれらの励起状態に大きく寄与することが分かってきた。しかしながら、$$(pi,2pi)$$反応データは1970年代に測定された24万事象に限られており、決定的に不足している。そのため、我々はJ-PARCにおいて統計を二桁上げるE45実験を提案した。この実験においては、$$10^6$$Hzの$$pi$$ビームを用いて超電導Helmholtz型双極磁石に設置したTime Projection Chamberでこれらの反応を測定する。これらの測定をビーム運動量を細かく変えながら高統計で測定する。本発表では実験の設計と準備状況、シミュレーションの結果を報告する。


Cosmic-ray test of a time-of-flight detector for double-strangeness experiments at J-PARC

Kim, S. H.*; Hwang, S.; Ahn, J. K.*; 江川 弘行; 早川 修平; Hong, B.*; 細見 健二; 今井 憲一; Kim, M. H.*; Lee, J. Y.*; et al.

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 795, p.39 - 44, 2015/09

 被引用回数:1 パーセンタイル:81.41(Instruments & Instrumentation)

We have developed a time-of-flight (ToF) array consisting of 24 plastic scintillators for triggering and timing measurements in a series of planned experiments to study double-strangeness hadronic and nuclear systems at the K1.8 beamline of J-PARC. Each ToF scintillator is 180 cm long with a cross-section of 8$$times$$3 cm$$^{2}$$ and is read out by H1949-50 photomultiplier tubes at both ends. The timing and attenuation properties of the scintillators are measured using cosmic-ray muons and $$beta$$ rays from $$^{90} {rm Sr}$$. The cosmic-ray muon events are triggered by three pairs of 120-cm-long plastic scintillators, sandwiching the ToF array. The intrinsic time resolutions of the scintillators are estimated to be in the range 60-100 ps, which is adequate for reliable separation between $$pi$$ and $$K$$ at 1.2 GeV/$$c$$. The attenuation length is measured to be approximately 210 cm, which is half that for a bulk scintillator.


Analysis on effects of transverse electric field in an injector cavity of compact-ERL at KEK

Hwang, J.-G.*; Kim, E.-S.*; 宮島 司*; 本田 洋介*; 原田 健太郎*; 島田 美帆*; 高井 良太*; 久米 達哉*; 長橋 進也*; 帯名 崇*; et al.

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 753, p.97 - 104, 2014/07

 被引用回数:3 パーセンタイル:61.51(Instruments & Instrumentation)

For a future synchrotron light source based on a linac, e.g. an X-ray free electron laser and an energy recovery linac (ERL), an injector is a key component to generate a high brightness electron beam. For the acceleration and transportation of the electron beam in the injector, the adjustment of beam orbit inside the cavity is important to avoid the deterioration of the beam quality due to the transverse electric field of it, which causes the transverse emittance growth. To adjust the beam orbit, an investigation of the electromagnetic center of the cavity is required in the beam operation. This paper shows a new method for measuring the electromagnetic center of the cavity, and describes an analytical model of emittance growth due to a combination of transverse electric field and orbit offset. The validation of the method was confirmed by the emittance measurement in the compact ERL (cERL) injector at KEK.


Development of a GEM-TPC for H-dibaryon search experiment at J-PARC

佐甲 博之; Ahn, J. K.*; Baek, K. H.*; Bassalleck, B.*; Fujioka, H.*; Guo, L.*; 長谷川 勝一; Hicks, K.*; Honda, R.*; Hwang, S. H.*; et al.

Journal of Instrumentation (Internet), 9(4), p.C04009_1 - C04009_10, 2014/04

 被引用回数:3 パーセンタイル:73.68(Instruments & Instrumentation)

($$K^+$$,$$K^-$$)反応によるHダイバリオン探索実験(J-PARC E42)のためのTPCの開発を行っている。TPCにおいてHが2個の$$pi^{-}$$と2個の$$p$$に崩壊する事象を測定する。TPCのドリフト体積は50cm直径、55cmドリフト長を持つ8角柱構造をしておりAr-CH$$_4$$ガスを使用する。増幅部には3層のGEMを使用する。荷電粒子の運動量測定のためTPCにはドリフト電場と平行に鉛直方向の1Tの双極磁場を超伝導ヘルムホルツ型磁石によりかける。H崩壊のアクセプタンスを最大にするためダイアモンド標的がTPC内部の筒状の穴に設置される。さらに、超高レートの$$K^-$$ビームをTPCに直接照射するため陽イオンフィードバックを極力抑制必要がある。このためTPCにGEMとgating gridを採用した。


$$K^{ast 0}Sigma^+$$ photoproduction with evidence for the Kappa Meson Exchange at SPring-8/LEPS

Hwang, S. H.*; Hicks, K.*; Ahn, J. K.*; 中野 貴志*

Few-Body Systems, 54(7-10), p.1037 - 1041, 2013/08

 パーセンタイル:100(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Recently, LEPS collaboration reported the parity spin asymmetry for the$$gamma p rightarrow K^{ast 0}Sigma^+$$ reaction using linearly polarized photons at beam energies from 1.85 to 2.96 GeV. The parity spin asymmetry ($$P_{sigma} = 2rho^{1}_{1-1} - rho^{1}_{00}$$) was obtained, with large positive asymmetry at forward angles. This supports that natural-parity exchange is dominant at forward angles for $$K^{ast 0}Sigma^+$$ photoproduction, which is consistent with $$kappa$$ meson-exchange. The differential cross sections for the $$gamma p rightarrow K^{ast 0}Sigma^+$$ reaction are presented at forward angles averaged over all beam energies. There is good agreement with the differential cross sections from the CLAS and the CBELSA/TAPS collaborations.


Development of high power long-pulse RF transmitter for ICRF heating in fusion researches and cyclotron accelerator

Kwak, J. G.*; Wang, S. J.*; Bae, Y. D.*; Kim, S. H.*; Hwang, C. K.*; 森山 伸一

Fusion Engineering and Design, 86(6-8), p.938 - 941, 2011/10

 パーセンタイル:100(Nuclear Science & Technology)



Antiferromagnetic interaction between paramagnetic Co ions in the diluted magnetic semiconductor Zn$$_{1-x}$$Co$$_x$$O

小林 正起*; 石田 行章*; Hwang, J. I.*; 長船 義敬*; 藤森 淳*; 竹田 幸治; 岡根 哲夫; 斎藤 祐児; 小林 啓介*; 佐伯 洋昌*; et al.

Physical Review B, 81(7), p.075204_1 - 075204_7, 2010/02


 被引用回数:18 パーセンタイル:31.68(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

The magnetic properties of Zn$$_{1-x}$$Co$$_x$$O (x=0.07 and 0.10) thin films, which were homoepitaxially grown on a ZnO(0001) substrates with varying relatively high oxygen pressure, have been investigated using X-ray magnetic circular dichroism (XMCD) at Co 2p core-level absorption edge. The magnetic-field and temperature dependences of the XMCD intensity are consistent with the magnetization measurements, indicating that except for Co there are no additional sources for the magnetic moment, and demonstrate the coexistence of paramagnetic and ferromagnetic components in the homoepitaxial Zn$$_{1-x}$$Co$$_x$$O thin films. The analysis of the XMCD intensities using the Curie-Weiss law reveals the presence of antiferromagnetic interaction between the paramagnetic Co ions. Missing XMCD intensities and magnetization signals indicate that most of Co ions are nonmagnetic probably because they are strongly coupled antiferromagnetically with each other.


Hybridization between the conduction band and 3$$d$$ orbitals in the oxide-based diluted magnetic semiconductor In$$_{2-x}$$V$$_x$$O$$_3$$

小林 正起*; 石田 行章*; Hwang, J. I.*; Song, G. S.*; 滝沢 優*; 藤森 淳; 竹田 幸治; 大河内 拓雄*; 岡根 哲夫; 斎藤 祐児; et al.

Physical Review B, 79(20), p.205203_1 - 205203_5, 2009/05

 被引用回数:4 パーセンタイル:74.29(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

The electronic structure of In$$_{2-x}$$V$$_x$$O$$_3$$ ($$x=0.08$$) has been investigated by photoemission spectroscopy and X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS). The V $$2p$$ core-level photoemission and XAS spectra revealed that the V ion is in the trivalent state, which is the same valence state as that of In in In$$_2$$O$$_3$$. The V $$3d$$ partial density of states obtained by the resonant photoemission technique showed a sharp peak above the O $$2p$$ band. While the O $$1s$$ XAS spectrum of In$$_{2-x}$$V$$_x$$O$$_3$$ was similar to that of In$$_2$$O$$_3$$, there were differences in the In $$3p$$ and $$3d$$ XAS spectra between the V-doped and pure In$$_2$$O$$_3$$. The observations give clear evidence for hybridization between the In-derived conduction band and the V $$3d$$ orbitals in In$$_{2-x}$$V$$_x$$O$$_3$$.


Systematic changes of the electronic structure of the diluted ferromagnetic oxide Li-doped Ni$$_{1-x}$$Fe$$_x$$O with hole doping

小林 正起*; Hwang, J. I.*; Song, G.*; 大木 康弘*; 滝沢 優*; 藤森 淳; 竹田 幸治; 藤森 伸一; 寺井 恒太*; 岡根 哲夫; et al.

Physical Review B, 78(15), p.155322_1 - 155322_4, 2008/10

 被引用回数:5 パーセンタイル:69.26(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

The electronic structure of Li-doped Ni$$_{1-x}$$Fe$$_x$$O has been investigated using photoemission spectroscopy (PES) and X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS). The Ni $$2p$$ core-level PES and XAS spectra were not changed by Li doping. In contrast, the Fe$$^{3+}$$ intensity increased with Li doping relative to the Fe$$^{2+}$$ intensity. However, the increase of Fe$$^{3+}$$ is only $$sim 5%$$ of the doped Li content, suggesting that most of the doped holes enter the O $$2p$$ and/or the charge-transferred configuration Ni $$3d^8underline{L}$$. The Fe $$3d$$ partial density of states and the host valence-band emission near valence-band maximum increased with Li content, consistent with the increase of electrical conductivity. Based on these findings, percolation of bound magnetic polarons is proposed as an origin of the ferromagnetic behavior.


Soft X-ray absorption and photoemission studies of ferromagnetic Mn-implanted 3$$C$$-SiC

Song, G.*; 小林 正起*; Hwang, J. I.*; 片岡 隆*; 滝沢 優*; 藤森 淳; 大河内 拓雄; 竹田 幸治; 岡根 哲夫; 斎藤 祐児; et al.

Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, 47(9), p.7113 - 7116, 2008/09

 被引用回数:2 パーセンタイル:87.89(Physics, Applied)

We have performed X-ray photoemission spectroscopy (XPS), X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS), and resonant photoemission spectroscopy (RPES) measurements of Mn-implanted 3$$C$$-SiC (3$$C$$-SiC:Mn) and carbon-incorporated Mn$$_{5}$$Si$$_{2}$$ (Mn$$_{5}$$Si$$_{2}$$:C). The Mn 2$$p$$ core-level XPS and XAS spectra of 3$$C$$-SiC:Mn and Mn$$_{5}$$Si$$_{2}$$:C were similar to each other and showed "intermediate" behaviors between the localized and itinerant Mn 3$$d$$ states. The intensity at the Fermi level was found to be suppressed in 3$$C$$-SiC:Mn compared with Mn$$_{5}$$Si$$_{2}$$:C. These observations are consistent with the formation of Mn$$_{5}$$Si$$_{2}$$:C clusters in the 3$$C$$-SiC host, as observed in a recent transmission electron microscopy study.


Electronic structure of Ga$$_{1-x}$$Cr$$_{x}$$N and Si-doping effects studied by photoemission and X-ray absorption spectroscopy

Song, G.*; 小林 正起*; Hwang, J. I.*; 片岡 隆*; 滝沢 優*; 藤森 淳; 大河内 拓雄; 竹田 幸治; 岡根 哲夫; 斎藤 祐児; et al.

Physical Review B, 78(3), p.033304_1 - 033304_4, 2008/07

 被引用回数:7 パーセンタイル:60.79(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

The electronic structure of the magnetic semiconductor Ga$$_{1-x}$$Cr$$_{x}$$N, and the effect of Si doping on it have been investigated by photoemission and soft X-ray absorption spectroscopy. We have confirmed that Cr in GaN is predominantly trivalent when substituting for Ga and that Cr 3$$d$$ states appear within the band gap of GaN just above the N 2$$p$$-derived valence-band maximum. As a result of Si doping, downward shifts of the core levels (except for Cr 2$$p$$) and the formation of new states near the Fermi level were observed, which we attribute to the upward chemical-potential shift and the formation of a small amount of Cr$$^{2+}$$ species caused by electron doping. Possibility of Cr-rich cluster growth by Si doping are discussed based on the spectroscopic and magnetization data.


Local electronic structure of Cr in the II-VI diluted ferromagnetic semiconductor Zn$$_{1-x}$$Cr$$_x$$Te

小林 正起*; 石田 行章*; Hwang, J. I.*; Song, G. S.*; 藤森 淳; Yang, C. S.*; Lee, L.*; Lin, H.-J.*; Huang, D.-J.*; Chen, C. T.*; et al.

New Journal of Physics (Internet), 10, p.055011_1 - 055011_15, 2008/05

 被引用回数:11 パーセンタイル:37.82(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

The electronic structure of the Cr ions in the diluted ferromagnetic semiconductor Zn$$_{1-x}$$Cr$$_x$$Te ($$x$$=0.03 and 0.15) thin films has been investigated using X-ray magnetic circular dichroism (XMCD) and photoemission spectroscopy (PES). The line shape of the Cr $$2p$$ XMCD spectra is independent of $$H$$, $$T$$, and $$x$$, indicating that the ferromagnetism is originated from the same electronic states of the Cr ion. Cluster-model analysis indicates that the ferromagnetic XMCD signal is originated from Cr ions substituted for the Zn site. The Cr $$3d$$ partial density of states extracted using Cr $$2p to 3d$$ resonant PES shows a broad feature near the top of the valence band, suggesting strong $$s$$,$$p$$-$$d$$ hybridization. Based on these findings, we conclude that double exchange mechanism cannot explain the ferromagnetism in Zn$$_{1-x}$$Cr$$_{x}$$Te.


Exchange bias and uncompensated spins in a Fe/Cr(100) bilayer

Kim, K. Y.*; Hwang, Y. S.*; Park, J.-G.*; 鳥飼 直也*; 武田 全康; Han, S. W.*; Shin, S. C.*

Physica Status Solidi (B), 244(12), p.4499 - 4502, 2007/12

 パーセンタイル:100(Physics, Condensed Matter)



Phase change observed in ultrathin Ba$$_{0.5}$$Sr$$_{0.5}$$TiO$$_3$$ films by in situ resonant photoemission spectroscopy

Lin, Y.-H.*; 寺井 恒太*; 和達 大樹*; 小林 正起*; 滝沢 優*; Hwang, J. I.*; 藤森 淳; Nan, C.-W.*; Li, J.-F.*; 藤森 伸一; et al.

Applied Physics Letters, 90(22), p.222909_1 - 222909_3, 2007/05


 被引用回数:3 パーセンタイル:82.76(Physics, Applied)

パルスレーザー堆積法によりNbをドープしたSrTiO$$_3$$(100)基板上にBa$$_{0.5}$$Sr$$_{0.5}$$TiO$$_3$$のエピタキシャル薄膜を作製し、室温と低温で価電子帯のTi 2p$$rightarrow$$3dの共鳴光電子分光スペクトルを測定した。その結果膜厚が2.8nm($$sim$$7ML)と2.0nm($$sim$$5ML)の間で大きな違いがみられ、強誘電転移の臨界膜厚が2.0-2.8nmの範囲にあることがわかった。


Soft X-ray magnetic circular dichroism study of weakly ferromagnetic Zn$$_{1-x}$$V$$_{x}$$O thin film

石田 行章*; Hwang, J. I.*; 小林 正起*; 竹田 幸治; 間宮 一敏*; 岡本 淳*; 藤森 伸一; 岡根 哲夫; 寺井 恒太*; 斎藤 祐児; et al.

Applied Physics Letters, 90(2), p.022510_1 - 022510_3, 2007/01

 被引用回数:20 パーセンタイル:33.56(Physics, Applied)



Characterization of magnetic components in the diluted magnetic semiconductor Zn$$_{1-x}$$Co$$_x$$O by X-ray magnetic circular dichroism

小林 正起*; 石田 行章*; Hwang, J. I.*; 溝川 貴司*; 藤森 淳*; 間宮 一敏*; 岡本 淳*; 竹田 幸治; 岡根 哲夫; 斎藤 祐児; et al.

Physical Review B, 72(20), p.201201_1 - 201201_4, 2005/11

 被引用回数:130 パーセンタイル:3.06(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)



High-energy spectroscopic study of the III-V nitride-based diluted magnetic semiconductor Ga$$_{1-x}$$Mn$$_{x}$$N

Hwang, J. I.*; 石田 行章*; 小林 正起*; 平田 玄*; 田久保 耕*; 溝川 貴司*; 藤森 淳; 岡本 淳; 間宮 一敏*; 斎藤 祐児; et al.

Physical Review B, 72(8), p.085216_1 - 085216_6, 2005/08


 被引用回数:60 パーセンタイル:10.73(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)



Stability of a silica membrane prepared by CVD using $$gamma$$- and $$alpha$$-alumina tube as the support tube in the Hi-H$$_{2}$$O gaseous mixture

Hwang, G.*; Kim, J.*; Choi, H.*; 小貫 薫

Journal of Membrane Science, 215(1-2), p.293 - 302, 2003/04

 被引用回数:15 パーセンタイル:39.97



Bulk-sensitive photoemission spectroscopy of $$A_{2}$$FeMoO$$_{6}$$ double perovskites ($$A$$=Sr, Ba)

Kang, J.-S.*; Kim, J. H.*; 関山 明*; 笠井 修一*; 菅 滋正*; Han, S. W.*; Kim, K. H.*; 室 隆桂之*; 斎藤 祐児; Hwang, C.*; et al.

Physical Review B, 66(11), p.113105_1 - 113105_4, 2002/09

 被引用回数:59 パーセンタイル:9.15(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

ダブルペロブスカイト構造をとるSr$$_{2}$$FeMoO$$_{6}$$及びBa$$_{2}$$FeMoO$$_{6}$$の電子状態をFeの2p-3d共鳴光電子分光及びMo 4d光イオン化断面積のクーパーミニマムを利用して調べた。フェルミレベル近傍はMoとFeのt$$_{2g}$$が強く混ざった状態であり、Feは純粋な+3価のイオンでは無いことがわかった。Feの2p$$_{3/2}$$のX線吸収スペクトルはFe$$^{2+}$$とFe$$^{3+}$$混合原子価であることを示し、Sr$$_{2}$$FeMoO$$_{6}$$の方がBa$$_{2}$$FeMoO$$_{6}$$よりもFe$$^{2+}$$成分が多く、二重交換相互作用が有効に働いていることを示唆する。価電子帯の光電子スペクトルは局所スピン密度近似+Uの計算結果とよく一致する。



佐甲 博之; 今井 憲一; 佐藤 進; 長谷川 勝一; Hwang, S. H.*; 杉村 仁志; 市川 裕大; 谷田 聖; 木内 隆太*; Ahn, J. K.*; et al.

no journal, , 

Hダイバリオンは安定な6-quark状態として予言されさまざまな探索が行われてきたが発見には至っていない。KEK-PS E224, E522実験は$$Lambda$$$$Lambda$$不変質量の閾値付近に不十分な統計ながらピークを観測した。一方最新の格子QCD計算はHは$$Lambda$$$$Lambda$$の浅い束縛状態か共鳴状態であると予測する。われわれは($$K^{+}$$,$$K^{-}$$)反応により高エネルギー加速器研究機構の実験より二桁高い統計量と、高質量分解能にてHダイバリオンを探索するJ-PARC E42実験を提案した。


High energy photon emission from wakefields and its signatures in astrophysical Blazars

Farinella, D.*; Zhang, X.*; Lau, C.*; Taimourzadeh, S.*; Hwang, Y.*; Koga, J. K.; 戎崎 俊一*; 田島 俊樹*

no journal, , 

Episodic eruptions of accretion disks of AGNs (and Blazars) due to the Magneto-Rotational-Instability are related to the excitation of intense Alfv$'e$n waves and their subsequently mode converted EM pulses. These intense pulses are related to the emission of bursts of $$gamma$$ rays and extreme high energy cosmic ray (EHECR) genesis in AGN and Blazars. Wakefield acceleration and pondermotive acceleration of electrons give rise to $$gamma$$ ray emissions of the above through synchrotron radiation which can undergo inverse-Compton scattering to attain high X-ray energies. We study additional emissions of $$gamma$$ rays by the betatron oscillations and QED radiative processes in the intense accelerating fields.

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