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論文

Mictomagnetism and suppressed thermal conduction of the prototype high-entropy alloy CrMnFeCoNi

Yang, J.*; Ren, W.*; Zhao, X.*; 菊地 龍弥*; Miao, P.*; 中島 健次; Li, B.*; Zhang, Z.*

Journal of Materials Science and Technology, 99, p.55 - 60, 2022/02

物性測定と中性子散乱を組み合わせることにより、面心立方高エントロピー合金CrMnFeCoNiの磁気および熱輸送特性を調べた。DCおよびAC帯磁率は、温度領域全体で反強磁性および強磁性相互作用が共存する常磁性挙動を示し、それぞれ、常磁性から反強磁性への遷移、反強磁性から強磁性への遷移、およびスピン凍結に対応して、約80, 50、および20Kで3つの異常が見られる。電気伝導率と熱伝導率はNiに比べて大幅に低下しており、格子熱伝導率の温度依存性はガラスのようなプラトーを示す。非弾性中性子散乱測定は弱い非調和性を示唆し、熱輸送は欠陥散乱によって支配されると思われる。

論文

The $$^{59}$$Fe(n,$$gamma$$)$$^{60}$$Fe cross section from the surrogate ratio method and its effect on the $$^{60}$$Fe nucleosynthesis

Yan, S. Q.*; Li, X. Y.*; 西尾 勝久; Lugaro, M.*; Li, Z. H.*; 牧井 宏之; Pignatari, M.*; Wang, Y. B.*; Orlandi, R.; 廣瀬 健太郎; et al.

Astrophysical Journal, 919(2), p.84_1 - 84_7, 2021/10

 被引用回数:0

The long-lived $$^{60}$$Fe (with a half-life of 2.62 Myr) is a crucial diagnostic of active nucleosynthesis in the Milky Way galaxy and in supernovae near the solar system. The neutron-capture reaction $$^{59}$$Fe(n,$$gamma$$)$$^{60}$$Fe on $$^{59}$$Fe (half-life=44.5 days) is the key reaction for the production of $$^{60}$$Fe in massive stars. This reaction cross section has been previously constrained by the Coulomb dissociation experiment, which offered partial constraint on the E1 $$gamma$$-ray strength function but a negligible constraint on the M1 and E2 components. In this work, for the first time, we use the surrogate ratio method to experimentally determine the $$^{59}$$Fe(n,$$gamma$$)$$^{60}$$Fe cross sections in which all the components are included. We derived a Maxwellian-averaged cross section of 27.5$$pm$$3.5 mb at $$kT$$ = 30 keV and 13.4$$pm$$1.7 mb at $$kT$$ = 90 keV, roughly 10%-20% higher than previous estimates. We analyzed the impact of our new reaction rates in nucleosynthesis models of massive stars and found that uncertainties in the production of $$^{60}$$Fe from the $$^{59}$$Fe(n,$$gamma$$)$$^{60}$$Fe rate are at most 25$$%$$. We conclude that stellar physics uncertainties now play a major role in the accurate evaluation of the stellar production of $$^{60}$$Fe.

論文

Clades of huge phages from across Earth's ecosystems

Al-Shayeb, B.*; Sachdeva, R.*; Chen, L.-X.*; Ward, F.*; Munk, P.*; Devoto, A.*; Castelle, C. J.*; Olm, M. R.*; Bouma-Gregson, K.*; 天野 由記; et al.

Nature, 578(7795), p.425 - 431, 2020/02

 被引用回数:83 パーセンタイル:99.63(Multidisciplinary Sciences)

Phage typically have small genomes and depend on their bacterial hosts for replication. We generated metagenomic datasets from many diverse ecosystems and reconstructed hundreds of huge phage genomes, between 200 kbp and 716 kbp in length. Thirty four genomes were manually curated to completion, including the largest phage genomes yet reported. Expanded genetic repertoires include diverse and new CRISPR-Cas systems, tRNAs, tRNA synthetases, tRNA modification enzymes, initiation and elongation factors and ribosomal proteins. Phage CRISPR have the capacity to silence host transcription factors and translational genes, potentially as part of a larger interaction network that intercepts translation to redirect biosynthesis to phage-encoded functions. Some phage repurpose bacterial systems for phage-defense to eliminate competing phage. We phylogenetically define seven major clades of huge phage from human and other animal microbiomes, oceans, lakes, sediments, soils and the built environment. We conclude that large gene inventories reflect a conserved biological strategy, observed across a broad bacterial host range and resulting in the distribution of huge phage across Earth's ecosystems.

論文

Ultralow thermal conductivity from transverse acoustic phonon suppression in distorted crystalline $$alpha$$-MgAgSb

Li, X.*; Liu, P.-F.*; Zhao, E.*; Zhang, Z.*; Guide, T.*; Le, M. D.*; Avdeev, M.*; 池田 一貴*; 大友 季哉*; 古府 麻衣子; et al.

Nature Communications (Internet), 11(1), p.942_1 - 942_9, 2020/02

 被引用回数:15 パーセンタイル:93.25(Multidisciplinary Sciences)

高性能の熱電材料実現には低熱伝導率が必要であり、その機構としてはフォノンの非調和によるもの、あるいは、結晶構造の動的な乱れによるフォノンの散乱によるものがあげられ、どちらも中性子散乱でその現象が明らかにされている。我々は中性子散乱と第一原理計算を組み合わせ、$$alpha$$-MgAgSbにおいて、静的な結晶構造の乱れとフォノンの非調和性が組み合わされて極端に低い熱伝導率が実現されているということを見いだしたので、これを報告する。

論文

$$alpha$$-decay branching ratio of $$^{180}$$Pt

Cubiss, J. G.*; Harding, R. D.*; Andreyev, A. N.; Althubiti, N.*; Andel, B.*; Antalic, S.*; Barzakh, A. E.*; Cocolios, T. E.*; Day Goodacre, T.*; Farooq-Smith, G. J.*; et al.

Physical Review C, 101(1), p.014314_1 - 014314_4, 2020/01

 被引用回数:5 パーセンタイル:84.86(Physics, Nuclear)

$$^{180}$$Ptの基底状態から娘核$$^{176}$$Osの基底状態への$$alpha$$崩壊分岐比を0.52(5)%と、過去の値と比較してより高精度で再決定した。$$^{180}$$PtはCERN-ISOLDE実験施設において$$^{180}$$Hgを単離し、その$$beta$$崩壊孫核種として生成した。今回の結果を用いて導出した$$alpha$$崩壊の換算崩壊幅は、中性子欠損Pt同位体の$$alpha$$崩壊幅の系統性について新しい描像を与えることとなった。

論文

Fine structure in the $$alpha$$ decay of $$^{218}$$At

Cubiss, J. G.*; Andreyev, A. N.; Barzakh, A. E.*; Andel, B.*; Antalic, S.*; Cocolios, T. E.*; Day Goodacre, T.*; Fedorov, D. V.*; Fedosseev, V. N.*; Ferrer, R.*; et al.

Physical Review C, 99(6), p.064317_1 - 064317_6, 2019/06

 被引用回数:5 パーセンタイル:69.53(Physics, Nuclear)

$$^{218}$$Atの$$alpha$$崩壊について、CERN-ISOLDE施設においてレーザーイオン化法を使うことで研究した。$$alpha$$-$$gamma$$同時計数データを初めて取得し、より精度の良い半減期の値として1.27(6)秒を得た。$$alpha$$崩壊の微細構造を基に新しい$$alpha$$崩壊図式を構築した。それらの結果から、$$^{218}$$Atの基底状態のスピン・パリティは(3$$^{-}$$)がより確からしいことが解ったが、(2)$$^{-}$$の可能性も完全には否定しきれない。

論文

Inverse odd-even staggering in nuclear charge radii and possible octupole collectivity in $$^{217,218,219}$$At revealed by in-source laser spectroscopy

Barzakh, A. E.*; Cubiss, J. G.*; Andreyev, A. N.; Seliverstov, M. D.*; Andel, B.*; Antalic, S.*; Ascher, P.*; Atanasov, D.*; Beck, D.*; Biero$'n$, J.*; et al.

Physical Review C, 99(5), p.054317_1 - 054317_9, 2019/05

 被引用回数:5 パーセンタイル:69.53(Physics, Nuclear)

Hyperfine-structure parameters and isotope shifts for the 795-nm atomic transitions in $$^{217,218,219}$$At have been measured at CERN-ISOLDE, using the in-source resonance-ionization spectroscopy technique. Magnetic dipole and electric quadrupole moments, and changes in the nuclear mean-square charge radii, have been deduced. A large inverse odd-even staggering in radii, which may be associated with the presence of octupole collectivity, has been observed. Namely, the radius of the odd-odd isotope $$^{218}$$At has been found to be larger than the average.

論文

Colossal barocaloric effects in plastic crystals

Li, B.*; 川北 至信; 河村 聖子; 菅原 武*; Wang, H.*; Wang, J.*; Chen, Y.*; 河口 沙織*; 河口 彰吾*; 尾原 幸治*; et al.

Nature, 567(7749), p.506 - 510, 2019/03

 被引用回数:85 パーセンタイル:99.22(Multidisciplinary Sciences)

冷却は現代社会では、世界における25-30%の電力が空調や食料保存に用いられるように、重要である。従来の気化、圧縮で冷却を行う方法は、温暖化などの観点から限界が来ている。有望な代替手段として固体の熱量効果を用いた冷却方法が注目を集めている。しかしながら、この方法は、現在候補に挙げられている物質ではエントロピー変化の小ささや巨大な磁場を必要とするところなどから性能に限界がある。そこで我々は柔粘性結晶における圧力誘起の相転移で冷却が起こる巨大圧力熱量効果を報告する。柔粘性結晶の一つであるネオペンチルグリコールのエントロピー変化は室温近傍において単位キログラム、単位温度あたり、約389ジュールであった。圧力下の中性子散乱実験の結果から、そのような巨大圧力熱量効果は分子配向の非秩序化、巨大な圧縮率、極めて非線形性の強い格子ダイナミクスの組み合わせに由来することが明らかになった。我々の研究により、柔粘性結晶における巨大圧力熱量効果発現の微視的機構が明らかとなり、次世代の固体を使った冷却技術の確立に筋道を付けることができた。

論文

Pressure-induced Diels-Alder reactions in C$$_{6}$$H$$_{6}$$ - C$$_{6}$$F$$_{6}$$ cocrystal towards graphane structure

Wang, Y.*; Dong, X.*; Tang, X.*; Zheng, H.*; Li, K.*; Lin, X.*; Fang, L.*; Sun, G.*; Chen, X.*; Xie, L.*; et al.

Angewandte Chemie; International Edition, 58(5), p.1468 - 1473, 2019/01

 被引用回数:18 パーセンタイル:83.78(Chemistry, Multidisciplinary)

芳香族の圧力誘起重合反応(PIP)は、sp$$^{3}$$炭素骨格を構築するための新しい方法であり、ベンゼンとその誘導体を圧縮することによってダイヤモンド様構造を有するナノスレッドを合成した。ここで、ベンゼン-ヘキサフルオロベンゼン共結晶(CHCF)を圧縮することにより、PIP生成物中に層状構造を有するH-F置換グラフェンを同定した。その場中性子回折から決定された結晶構造およびガスクロマトグラフィー質量スペクトルによって同定された中間生成物に基づいて、20GPaでは、CHCFがベンゼンおよびヘキサフルオロベンゼンを交互に積み重ねた傾斜カラムを形成し、それらが[4+2]重合体に転化し、次いで、短距離秩序を持つ水素化フッ素化グラフェンに変化する。反応プロセスは[4+2]ディールス-アルダー, レトロディールス-アルダー、および1-1'カップリング反応を含み、前者はPIPの重要な反応である。われわれの研究は、CHCFの素反応を初めて確認した。これは、芳香族化合物のPIPについての新しい見方を提供する。

論文

Overall approaches and experiences of first-time participants in the Nuclear Forensics International Technical Working Group's Fourth Collaborative Material Exercise (CMX-4)

Ho, D. M. L.*; Nelwamondo, A. N.*; 大久保 綾子; Rameb$"a$ck, H.*; Song, K.*; Han, S.-H.*; Hancke, J. J.*; Holmgren, S.*; Jonsson. S.*; 片岡 修; et al.

Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, 315(2), p.353 - 363, 2018/02

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:0.01(Chemistry, Analytical)

国際核鑑識作業グループが主催する第4回核鑑識共同試料分析演習には、過去最大の17か国からの参加があり、このうち7か国は初めての参加であった。本稿では、演習に初めて参加した5か国のラボラトリが、演習で実施した分析試料の準備および分析内容について情報を共有した。核鑑識共同試料分析演習は、各ラボラトリで確立した分析法のテスト、他の目的で確立した方法の核鑑識への適用化、分析技術の修練に非常に有用であることが確認された。また、演習実施後に開催されたレビュー会合によって、核鑑識シグネチャとその解釈に関する理解を深めることができた。

論文

SFCOMPO-2.0; An OECD NEA database of spent nuclear fuel isotopic assays, reactor design specifications, and operating data

Michel-Sendis, F.*; Gauld, I.*; Martinez, J. S.*; Alejano, C.*; Bossant, M.*; Boulanger, D.*; Cabellos, O.*; Chrapciak, V.*; Conde, J.*; Fast, I.*; et al.

Annals of Nuclear Energy, 110, p.779 - 788, 2017/12

 被引用回数:32 パーセンタイル:98.69(Nuclear Science & Technology)

SFCOMPO-2.0 is the new release of the NEA database of experimentally measured assays, i.e. isotopic concentrations from destructive radiochemical analyses of spent nuclear fuel samples, complemented with design information of the fuel assembly and fuel rod from which each sample was taken, as well as with relevant information on operating conditions and characteristics of the host reactors, which are necessary for the modelling and simulation of the isotopic evolution of the fuel during irradiation. SFCOMPO-2.0 has been developed and is maintained by the OECD Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA) under the guidance of the Expert Group on Assay Data of Spent Nuclear Fuel (EGADSNF) of the NEA Working Party on Nuclear Criticality Safety (WPNCS). In this paper, the new database is described. Applications of SFCOMPO-2.0 for computer code validation, integral nuclear data benchmarking, and uncertainty analysis in nuclear waste package analysis are briefly illustrated.

論文

Changes in mean-squared charge radii and magnetic moments of $$^{179-184}$$Tl measured by in-source laser spectroscopy

Barzakh, A.*; Andreyev, A.; Cocolios, T. E.*; de Groote, R. P.*; Fedorov, D. V.*; Fedosseev, V. N.*; Ferrer, R.*; Fink, D. A.*; Ghys, L.*; Huyse, M.*; et al.

Physical Review C, 95(1), p.014324_1 - 014324_12, 2017/01

 被引用回数:17 パーセンタイル:87.54(Physics, Nuclear)

Hyperfine structure and isotope shifts have been measured for the ground and isomeric states in the neutron deficient isotopes $$^{179-184}$$Tl using the 276.9 nm transition. The experiment has been performed at the CERN Isotope Separator On-Line facility using the in-source resonance-ionization laser spectroscopy technique. Spins for the ground states in $$^{179,181,183}$$Tl have been determined as $$I$$ = 1/2. Magnetic moments and changes in the nuclear mean-square charge radii have been deduced. By applying the additivity relation for magnetic moments of the odd-odd Tl nuclei the leading configuration assignments were confirmed. A deviation of magnetic moments for isomeric states in $$^{182,184}$$Tl from the trend of the heavier Tl nuclei is observed. The charge radii of the ground states of the isotopes $$^{179-184}$$Tl follow the trend for isotonic (spherical) lead nuclei. The noticeable difference in charge radii for ground and isomeric states of $$^{183,184}$$Tl has been observed, suggesting a larger deformation for the intruder-based 9/2$$^{-}$$ and 10$$^{-}$$ states compared to the ground states. An unexpected growth of the isomer shift for $$^{183}$$Tl has been found.

論文

$$beta$$-delayed fission and $$alpha$$ decay of $$^{196}$$At

Truesdale, V. L.*; Andreyev, A.; Ghys, L.*; Huyse, M.*; Van Duppen, P.*; Sels, S.*; Andel, B.*; Antalic, S.*; Barzakh, A.*; Capponi, L.*; et al.

Physical Review C, 94(3), p.034308_1 - 034308_11, 2016/09

 被引用回数:9 パーセンタイル:65.08(Physics, Nuclear)

A nuclear-decay spectroscopy study of the neutron-deficient isotope $$^{196}$$At is reported where an isotopically pure beam was produced using the selective Resonance Ionization Laser Ion Source and On-Line Isotope Mass Separator (CERN). The fine-structure $$alpha$$ decay of $$^{196}$$At allowed the low-energy excited states in the daughter nucleus $$^{192}$$Bi to be investigated. A $$beta$$-delayed fission study of $$^{196}$$At was also performed. A mixture of symmetric and asymmetric fission-fragment mass distributions of the daughter isotope $$^{196}$$Po (populated by $$beta$$ decay of $$^{196}$$At) was deduced based on the measured fission-fragment energies. A $$beta$$DF probability $$P_{rm beta DF}$$($$^{196}$$At) = 9(1)$$times$$10$$^{-5}$$ was determined.

論文

Colossal negative thermal expansion induced by magnetic phase competition on frustrated lattices in Laves phase compound (Hf,Ta)Fe$$_2$$

Li, B.; Luo, X. H.*; Wang, H.*; Ren, W. J.*; Yano, S.*; Wang, C.-W.*; Gardner, J. S.*; Liss, K.-D.*; Miao, P.*; Lee, S.-H.*; et al.

Physical Review B, 93(22), p.224405_1 - 224405_6, 2016/06

 被引用回数:33 パーセンタイル:83.88(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Competition between ferromagnetic and antiferromagnetic phases on frustrated lattices in hexagonal Laves phase compound Hf$$_{0.86}$$Ta$$_{0.14}$$Fe$$_2$$ is investigated by using neutron diffraction as a function of temperature and magnetic fields and density-functional-theory calculations. At 325 K, the compound orders into the 120$$^{circ}$$ frustrated antiferromagnetic state with well-reduced magnetic moment and an in-plane lattice contraction simultaneously sets in. With further cooling down, however, the accumulated distortion in turn destabilizes this susceptible frustrated structure. The frustration is completely relieved at 255 K when the first-order transition to the ferromagnetic state takes place, where a colossal negative volumetric thermal expansion, $$-123 times 10^{-6}$$/K, is obtained. Meanwhile, the antiferromagnetic state can be suppressed by few Tesla magnetic fields, which results in a colossal positive magnetostriction. Such delicate competition is attributed to the giant magnetic fluctuation inherent in the frustrated antiferromagnetic state. Therefore, the magnetoelastic instability is approached even under a small perturbation.

論文

$$alpha$$-decay study of $$^{182,184}$$Tl

Van Beveren, C.*; Andreyev, A.; Barzakh, A. E.*; Cocolios, T. E.*; de Groote, R. P.*; Fedorov, D.*; Fedosseev, V. N.*; Ferrer, R.*; Ghys, L.*; Huyse, M.*; et al.

Journal of Physics G; Nuclear and Particle Physics, 43(2), p.025102_1 - 025102_22, 2016/02

 被引用回数:11 パーセンタイル:71(Physics, Nuclear)

$$alpha$$-decay spectroscopy of $$^{182,184}$$Tl has been performed at the CERN isotope separator on-line (ISOLDE) facility. New fine-structure $$alpha$$ decays have been observed for both isotopes. $$alpha$$-decay branching ratios of 0.089(19)$$%$$, 0.047(6)$$%$$ and 1.22(30)$$%$$ have been deduced for the (10$$^{-}$$), (7$$^{+}$$) and (2$$^{-}$$) states respectively in $$^{184}$$Tl and a lower limit of 0.49$$%$$ for the $$alpha$$-decay branching ratio of $$^{182}$$Tl. A new half-life of 9.5(2) s for the (2$$^{-}$$) state in $$^{184}$$Tl and 1.9(1) s for the low-spin state in $$^{182}$$Tl has been deduced. Using $$alpha$$-$$gamma$$ coincidence analysis, multiple $$gamma$$ rays were observed de-exciting levels in $$^{178,180}$$Au fed by $$^{182,184}$$Tl $$alpha$$ decays. The $$gamma$$ transitions connecting these low-lying states in $$^{178,180}$$Au are essential to sort the data and possibly identify bands from inbeam studies in these isotopes. Owing to the complex fine-structure $$alpha$$ decays and limited knowledge about the structure of the daughter nuclei, only partial level schemes could be constructed for both gold isotopes in the present work. Reduced $$alpha$$-decay widths have been calculated and are compared with values obtained in neighboring odd-A and even-A thallium isotopes. Except for the allowed $$alpha$$ decay of the $$^{184}$$Tl (10$$^{-}$$) state, the other fine-structure $$alpha$$ decays observed in this study are hindered. This points to strong structural changes between parent thallium and daughter gold isotopes.

論文

Shapes of $$^{192,190}$$Pb ground states from $$beta$$-decay studies using the total-absorption technique

Est$'e$vez Aguado, M. E.*; Algora, A.*; Agramunt, J.*; Rubio, B.*; Tain, J. L.*; Jord$'a$n, D.*; Fraile, L. M.*; Gelletly, W.*; Frank, A.*; Csatl$'o$s, M.*; et al.

Physical Review C, 92(4), p.044321_1 - 044321_8, 2015/10

 被引用回数:13 パーセンタイル:71.95(Physics, Nuclear)

The $$beta$$ decay of $$^{192,190}$$Pb has been studied using the total absorption technique at the ISOLDE (CERN) facility. The $$beta$$-decay strength deduced from the measurements, combined with QRPA theoretical calculations, allow us to infer that the ground states of the $$^{192,190}$$Pb isotopes are spherical. These results represent the first application of the shape determination method using the total absorption technique for heavy nuclei and in a region where there is considerable interest in nuclear shapes and shape effects.

論文

Internal decay of the (10$$^{-}$$) intruder state in $$^{184}$$Tl

Van Beveren, C.*; Andreyev, A.; Barzakh, A.*; Cocolios, T. E.*; Fedorov, D.*; Fedosseev, V. N.*; Ferrer, R.*; Huyse, M.*; K$"o$ster, U.*; Lane, J. F. W.*; et al.

Physical Review C, 92(1), p.014325_1 - 014325_8, 2015/07

 被引用回数:8 パーセンタイル:57.47(Physics, Nuclear)

Decay spectroscopy of $$^{184}$$Tl has been performed at the CERN Isotope Separator On-Line (ISOLDE) facility. An excitation energy of 506.1(1) keV and a half-life of 47.1(7) ms of the intruder based (10$$^{-}$$) state have been extracted. The internal decay characteristics of this state are determined and discussed, extending the systematics of such states in the even-mass thallium nuclei below neutron midshell at N = 104. The retardation factors of the isomeric M2 and E3 transitions are deduced and compared with retardation factors in neighboring odd-mass and even-mass thallium isotopes. The new information is combined with a review of hindered and unhindered $$alpha$$-decay data of $$^{187-192}$$Bi populating levels in daughter nuclei $$^{183-188}$$Tl and supports the interpretation of the intruder character of the (10$$^{-}$$) state in $$^{184}$$Tl.

論文

First prompt in-beam $$gamma$$-ray spectroscopy of a superheavy element; The $$^{256}$$Rf

Rubert, J.*; Dorvaux, O.*; Gall, B. J. P.*; Greenlees, P. T.*; Asfari, Z.*; Piot, J.*; Andersson, L. L.*; 浅井 雅人; Cox, D. M.*; Dechery, F.*; et al.

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 420, p.012010_1 - 012010_10, 2013/03

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:0.04

初めての超重元素即発インビーム$$gamma$$線分光実験を$$^{256}$$Rfを対象に行った。MIVOC法を用いた大強度$$^{50}$$Tiビームの開発を行い、実験を成功させた。$$^{256}$$Rfの回転励起状態をスピン20 $$hbar$$まで観測し、その慣性能率を導出した。これらのデータから、陽子数104には大きな変形閉殻が存在しないことが明らかとなった。

論文

Summary of the ARIES Town Meeting; Edge plasma physics and plasma material interactions in the fusion power plant regime

Tillack, M. S.*; Turnbull, A. D.*; Kessel, C. E.*; 朝倉 伸幸; Garofalo, A. M.*; Holland, C.*; Koch, F.*; Linsmeier, Ch.*; Lisgo, S.*; Maingi, R.*; et al.

Nuclear Fusion, 53(2), p.027003_1 - 027003_23, 2013/02

 被引用回数:4 パーセンタイル:20.82(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

周辺プラズマ物理及びプラズマ対向材相互作用の専門家によるITER後の核融合炉について現状の検討と今後の課題について評価するARIESワークショップが2010年5月に開催された。ダイバータ物理,モデリング,実験結果,それらの比較検討、核融合炉計画プログラムなどのトピックスが議論された。

論文

Shell-structure and pairing interaction in superheavy nuclei; Rotational properties of the $$Z$$=104 nucleus $$^{256}$$Rf

Greenlees, P. T.*; Rubert, J.*; Piot, J.*; Gall, B. J. P.*; Andersson, L. L.*; 浅井 雅人; Asfari, Z.*; Cox, D. M.*; Dechery, F.*; Dorvaux, O.*; et al.

Physical Review Letters, 109(1), p.012501_1 - 012501_5, 2012/07

 被引用回数:51 パーセンタイル:89.2(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

104番元素$$^{256}$$Rfの回転励起構造をインビーム$$gamma$$線核分光の手法により初めて観測することに成功した。$$^{256}$$Rfは回転励起構造が観測された最も重い原子核であり、今回の結果は重い極限に位置する原子核の一粒子軌道殻構造と対相関に関する貴重な情報を与える。今回の実験で得られた$$^{256}$$Rfの回転状態の慣性能率の値は、陽子数104における変形閉殻の存在を明確に否定し、近年の数多くの自己無撞着平均場モデルの予測と異なる結果を示した。

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