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論文

Half-integer Shapiro steps in strong ferromagnetic Josephson junctions

Yao, Y.*; Cai, R.*; Yang, S.-H.*; Xing, W.*; Ma, Y.*; 森 道康; Ji, Y.*; 前川 禎通; Xie, X.-C.*; Han, W.*

Physical Review B, 104(10), p.104414_1 - 104414_6, 2021/09

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:0(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

We report the experimental observation of half-integer Shapiro steps in the strong ferromagnetic Josephson junction (Nb-NiFe-Nb) by investigating the current-phase relation under radio-frequency microwave excitation. The half-integer Shapiro steps are robust in a wide temperature range from T = 4 to 7 K. The half-integer Shapiro steps could be attributed to co-existence of 0- and $$pi$$-states in the strong ferromagnetic NiFe Josephson junctions with the spatial variation of the NiFe thickness. This scenario is also supported by the high-resolution transmission electron microscopy characterization of the Nb/NiFe/Nb junction.

論文

Dirac surface state-modulated spin dynamics in a ferrimagnetic insulator at room temperature

Tang, C.*; Song, Q.*; Chang, C.-Z.*; Xu, Y.*; 大沼 悠一; 松尾 衛*; Liu, Y.*; Yuan, W.*; Yao, Y.*; Moodera, J. S.*; et al.

Science Advances (Internet), 4(6), p.eaas8660_1 - eaas8660_6, 2018/06

 被引用回数:22 パーセンタイル:87.84(Multidisciplinary Sciences)

This work demonstrates markedly modified spin dynamics of magnetic insulator (MI) by the spin momentum-locked Dirac surface states of the adjacent topological insulator (TI). As the Bi concentration $$x$$ is systematically tuned in 5-nm-thick (Bi$$_{x}$$Sb$$_{1-x}$$)$$_{2}$$Te$$_{3}$$ TI films, the weight of the surface relative to bulk states peaks at $$x$$ = 0.32 when the chemical potential approaches the Dirac point. At this concentration, the Gilbert damping constant of the precessing magnetization in 10-nm-thick Y$$_{3}$$Fe$$_{5}$$O$$_{12}$$ MI films in the MI/TI heterostructures is enhanced by an order of magnitude, the largest among all concentrations. In addition, the MI acquires additional strong magnetic anisotropy that favors the in-plane orientation with similar Bi concentration dependence. These extraordinary effects of the Dirac surface states distinguish TI from other materials such as heavy metals in modulating spin dynamics of the neighboring magnetic layer.

口頭

Frictional properties of Main Fault Gouge of Mont Terri, Switzerland

青木 和弘; 瀬下 和芳; Guglielmi, Y.*; Nussbaum, C.*; 嶋本 利彦*; Ma, S.*; Yao, L.*; 亀高 正男*; 酒井 亨*

no journal, , 

JAEA participated in the Fault Slip Experiment of Mont Terri Project which aims at understanding (1) the conditions for slip activation and stability of clay faults, and (2) the evolution of the coupling between fault slip, pore pressure and fluids migration. The experiment uses SIMFIP probe to estimate (1) the hydraulic and elastic properties of fault zone elements, (2) the state of stresses across the fault zone and (3) the fault zone apparent strength properties (friction coefficient and cohesion). To elaborate on the Fault Slip Experiment, JAEA performed friction experiment of borehole cores of depths 47.2m and 37.3m using a rotary-shear low to high-velocity friction apparatus at Institute of Geology, China Earthquake Administration.

口頭

スイスモンテリ地下研究施設における断層スリップ試験と摩擦特性

青木 和弘; 瀬下 和芳; Nussbaum, C.*; Guglielmi, Y.*; 嶋本 利彦*; 酒井 亨*; 亀高 正男*; Ma, S.*; Yao, L.*

no journal, , 

スイスMont Terri地下研究施設の主断層を対象としたSIMFIPプローブを用いた断層スリップ試験(注水実験)の解析に資することを目的に、試験区間のコアの摩擦試験を行った。試験機は、中国地震局地質研究所が所有する回転剪断式低速・高速摩擦試験機を用い、試験条件は室温下で無水及び含水条件下で、垂直応力は1.4および4.0MPa、ホスト試料として岩石に近い挙動を示すTiAlV合金製ピストンを用い、すべり速度は0.2microns/s$$sim$$2.1mm/sとし、低速・中速摩擦試験を実施して摩擦の速度依存性などを求めた。

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