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Journal Articles

Measurement of air dose rates by walk survey using KURAMA-II within 80 km range from Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant

Ando, Masaki

Hokeikyo Nyusu, (63), p.2 - 5, 2019/04

This is a commentary on the measurement of air dose rates by walk survey using KURAMA-II within 80 km range from the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant, which has been conducted as a commissioned research from the Nuclear Regulation Authority. The outline of KURAMA-II, the distribution map of air dose rates obtained by walk surveys, and the result of analysis concerning the decreasing trend of air dose rates are introduced based on the previous reports and thesis.

Journal Articles

Decreasing trend of ambient dose equivalent rates over a wide area in eastern Japan until 2016 evaluated by car-borne surveys using KURAMA systems

Ando, Masaki; Mikami, Satoshi; Tsuda, Shuichi; Yoshida, Tadayoshi; Matsuda, Norihiro; Saito, Kimiaki

Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, 192, p.385 - 398, 2018/12

 Percentile:100(Environmental Sciences)

Car-borne surveys using KURAMA systems have been conducted over a wide area in eastern Japan since 2011. The measurement data collected until 2016 was analyzed, and decreasing trend of the dose rates in regions within 80 km of Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant were examined. The averaged dose rates tended to decrease considerably with respect to the physical decay of radiocaesium, and the ecological half-lives of the fast and slow decay components were estimated. The decrease of the dose rate in the forest was slower than its decrease in other regions, and the decrease of the dose rate in urban area was the fastest. The decrease in the dose rates obtained via the car-borne survey was larger than that obtained on flat ground with few disturbances using survey meters approximately 1.5 y after the accident; hereafter, the decrease in the dose rates obtained via the car-borne survey was same as the latter measurement.

Journal Articles

Measurement of ambient dose equivalent rates by walk survey around Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant using KURAMA-II until 2016

Ando, Masaki; Yamamoto, Hideaki*; Kanno, Takashi*; Saito, Kimiaki

Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, 190-191, p.111 - 121, 2018/10

 Percentile:100(Environmental Sciences)

Ambient dose equivalent rates in various environments related to human lives were measured by walk surveys using the KURAMA-II systems from 2013 to 2016 around the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant. The dose rate of the locations where the walk survey was performed decreased to about 38% of its initial value in the 42 months, which was beyond that attributable to the physical decay. The air dose rates decreased depending on the level of the evacuation areas, and the decrease was slightly larger in populated areas where humans are active. The comparison of walk survey data with car-borne survey data indicated that the air dose rate varies largely even within a 100 m square area. The dose rates measured by the walk surveys were estimated to be medial of those along roads and those of undisturbed flat ground. The air dose rates measured by the walk surveys decreased quickly compared with the air dose rate from the flat ground measurement.

Journal Articles

Effect of water for the oxygen adsorption on surface of PtCo catalysts

Cui, Y.-T.*; Harada, Yoshihisa*; Niwa, Hideharu*; Oshima, Masaharu*; Hatanaka, Tatsuya*; Nakamura, Naoki*; Ando, Masaki*; Yoshida, Toshihiko*; Ishii, Kenji*; Matsumura, Daiju

NanotechJapan Bulletin (Internet), 11(4), 6 Pages, 2018/08

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

The Annual report on the environmental monitoring around the waste rock sites 2016 Tottori

Ono, Takayuki; Kawasaki, Satoru; Ishimori, Yuu; Ando, Masaki

JAEA-Review 2017-044, 13 Pages, 2018/03

JAEA-Review-2017-044.pdf:1.17MB

The Ningyo-toge Environmental Engineering Center of the Japan Atomic Energy Agency performs the environmental monitoring around the Ningyo-toge and the waste rock sites according to the agreements with local governments, Okayama and Tottori prefectures. Each prefectural committee on the environmental monitoring evaluates the monitoring data annually. This report summarized the results of the environmental monitoring in Tottori prefecture in the fiscal year 2016. The results show that the levels of the radiation doses and the radioactive concentrations in the environment were within natural variations, and the waste rock sites have been well maintained. The committee concluded that the environmental impacts from the sites were negligible.

JAEA Reports

The Annual report on the environmental monitoring around the Ningyo-toge 2016 Okayama

Ono, Takayuki; Kawasaki, Satoru; Ishimori, Yuu; Ando, Masaki

JAEA-Review 2017-043, 39 Pages, 2018/03

JAEA-Review-2017-043.pdf:1.92MB

The Ningyo-toge Environmental Engineering Center of the Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA Ningyo-toge) performs the environmental monitoring around the Ningyo-toge and the waste rock sites according to the agreements with local governments, Okayama and Tottori prefectures. Environmental monitoring of plutonium has been also performed around the Ningyo-toge regarding the practical application study on the reprocessed uranium conversion, which was carried out from 1994 to 1999 at the Ningyo-toge. Each prefectural committee on the environmental monitoring evaluates the monitoring data annually. This report summarized the results of the environmental monitoring in Okayama prefecture in the fiscal year 2016. The results show that the levels of the radiation doses and the radioactive concentrations in the environment were within natural variations, and the committee concluded that the environmental impacts from the sites were negligible. Therefore,the site of the JAEA Ningyo-toge has been well operated, and the waste rock sites have been well maintained.

Journal Articles

Evaluation of ambient dose equivalent rates owing to natural radioactive nuclides in eastern Japan by car-borne surveys using KURAMA-II

Ando, Masaki; Matsuda, Norihiro; Saito, Kimiaki

Nippon Genshiryoku Gakkai Wabun Rombunshi, 16(2), p.63 - 80, 2017/05

In order to discriminate the contribution of radioactive cesium due to the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant accident to the air dose rates measured by the car-borne surveys, natural background radiation was evaluated for eastern Japan area as the municipality averaged values. The window count method for distinction between natural and artificial radioactive nuclides was applied to the car-borne surveys using the KURAMA-II. Distribution of the evaluated natural background radiation showed geological feature, and it was found that the radiations measured along paved roads were reflecting the distribution of terrestrial $$gamma$$-rays. The effect of the radioactive cesium as of 2014 for the municipalities designated as the Intensive Contamination Survey Area was beyond the uncertainty of the natural background radiation. That for the other municipalities, however, was found to be almost negligible.

Journal Articles

Wetting induced oxidation of Pt-based nano catalysts revealed by ${{it in situ}}$ high energy resolution X-ray absorption spectroscopy

Cui, Y.-T.*; Harada, Yoshihisa*; Niwa, Hideharu*; Hatanaka, Tatsuya*; Nakamura, Naoki*; Ando, Masaki*; Yoshida, Toshihiko*; Ishii, Kenji*; Matsumura, Daiju; Oji, Hiroshi*; et al.

Scientific Reports (Internet), 7(1), p.1482_1 - 1482_8, 2017/05

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:51.95(Multidisciplinary Sciences)

Journal Articles

Electronic structure of Pt and Pt-Co nanoparticles with O$$_{2}$$ and O$$_{2}$$/H$$_{2}$$O adsorption revealed by in situ XAFS and hard X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy

Cui, Y.*; Harada, Yoshihisa*; Hatanaka, Tatsuya*; Nakamura, Naoki*; Ando, Masaki*; Yoshida, Toshihiko*; Ikenaga, Eiji*; Ishii, Kenji*; Matsumura, Daiju; Li, R.*; et al.

ECS Transactions, 72(8), p.131 - 136, 2016/10

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:32.99

Journal Articles

Analysis of variations in observed ambient dose rates due to rainfall or snowfall at JAEA Ningyo-toge

Tanaka, Hiroshi; Sakoda, Akihiro; Ando, Masaki; Ishimori, Yuu

Hoken Butsuri, 51(2), p.107 - 114, 2016/06

Ambient dose rates are continuously monitored in Ningyo-toge Environmental Engineering Center, Japan Atomic Energy Agency. The present study discussed the variations in ambient dose rates, observed from April 2014 to March 2015, due to snowfall as well as rainfall. It is much snowy as one of climatic features in this area. Rain or snow was sampled for a certain period in the day of interest (17 cases in total), and then the concentration of radon progeny was measured. With the measured data, the variation in ambient dose rate was calculated considering the accumulation of the radon progeny on the ground. As a whole, this calculation was found to reasonably reproduce the time trends of observed dose rates, except for four cases. Based on the backward trajectory analysis, it was explained that the discrepancy in two cases out of the four was induced by changes of radon progeny concentration in precipitation around sampling period. It was suggested that the other two cases were caused by the run-off of rain from the ground surface.

Journal Articles

Towards a novel laser-driven method of exotic nuclei extraction-acceleration for fundamental physics and technology

Nishiuchi, Mamiko*; Sakaki, Hironao*; Esirkepov, T. Zh.*; Nishio, Katsuhisa; Pikuz, T. A.*; Faenov, A. Ya.*; Skobelev, I. Yu.*; Orlandi, R.; Pirozhkov, A. S.*; Sagisaka, Akito*; et al.

Plasma Physics Reports, 42(4), p.327 - 337, 2016/04

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:42.53(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

A combination of a petawatt laser and nuclear physics techniques can crucially facilitate the measurement of exotic nuclei properties. With numerical simulations and laser-driven experiments we show prospects for the Laser-driven Exotic Nuclei extraction-acceleration method proposed in [M. Nishiuchi et al., Phys. Plasmas 22, 033107 (2015)]: a femtosecond petawatt laser, irradiating a target bombarded by an external ion beam, extracts from the target and accelerates to few GeV highly charged short-lived heavy exotic nuclei created in the target via nuclear reactions.

JAEA Reports

Study on decreasing trend of air dose rates observed in Fukushima Prefecture and neighboring prefectures

Ando, Masaki; Kanno, Takashi; Saito, Kimiaki

JAEA-Technology 2015-060, 40 Pages, 2016/03

JAEA-Technology-2015-060.pdf:50.1MB

The ratios of air dose rate averaged in prefecture-wise measured by car borne surveys in wide area has been performed by with the use of the KURAMA and KURAMA-II systems were investigated. The changes in air dose rate from the first (June 2011) car borne survey to the fourth (September 2012) and seventh (November 2013) car borne surveys in Fukushima Prefecture was similar to those in Tochigi Prefecture, and the ratio in Miyagi Prefecture showed quicker decay than those in the other prefectures in the groups of less than 0.5$$mu$$Sv/h. Distribution maps of the ratios of air dose rate obtained in 100m mesh wise in Fukushima, Tochigi and Miyagi prefectures showed that the ratios (i.e. decreasing rates) were depending on the area or road. Further, decreasing in the air dose rate was quicker than the physical decay in the big cities where population is big and the traffic is huge.

Journal Articles

Laser wakefield accelerated electron beam monitoring and control

Koga, J. K.; Mori, Michiaki; Kotaki, Hideyuki; Bulanov, S. V.; Esirkepov, T. Z.; Kiriyama, Hiromitsu; Kando, Masaki

AIP Conference Proceedings 1721, p.050003_1 - 050003_8, 2016/03

Journal Articles

Revealing the second harmonic generation in a femtosecond laser-driven cluster-based plasma by analyzing shapes of Ar XVII spectral lines

Oks, E.*; Dalimier, E.*; Faenov, A.*; Pikuz, T.*; Fukuda, Yuji; Andreev, A.*; Koga, J. K.; Sakaki, Hironao; Kotaki, Hideyuki; Pirozhkov, A. S.; et al.

Optics Express (Internet), 23(25), p.31991 - 32005, 2015/12

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:52.57(Optics)

We present experiments dealing with a femtosecond laser-driven cluster-based plasma, where by analyzing the nonlinear phenomenon of satellites of spectral lines of Ar XVII, we revealed the nonlinear phenomenon of the generation of the second harmonic of the laser frequency. For performing this analysis we developed new results in the theory of satellites of spectral lines. From such lineshape analysis we found, in particular, that the efficiency of converting the short (40 fs) intense (3$$times$$10$$^{18}$$ W/cm$$^2$$) incident laser light into the second harmonic was 2%. This result is in the excellent agreement with the 2-Dimensional Particle-In-Cell (2D PIC) simulation that we also performed. There is also an order of magnitude agreement between the thresholds for the SHG found from the line shape analysis and from the 2D PIC simulations.

Journal Articles

Using LiF crystals for high-performance neutron imaging with micron-scale resolution

Faenov, A.*; Matsubayashi, Masahito; Pikuz, T.*; Fukuda, Yuji; Kando, Masaki; Yasuda, Ryo; Iikura, Hiroshi; Nojima, Takehiro; Sakai, Takuro; Shiozawa, Masahiro*; et al.

High Power Laser Science and Engineering, 3, p.e27_1 - e27_9, 2015/10

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:52.57(Optics)

Journal Articles

Attractors and chaos of electron dynamics in electromagnetic standing waves

Esirkepov, T. Z.; Bulanov, S. S.*; Koga, J. K.; Kando, Masaki; Kondo, Kiminori; Rosanov, N. N.*; Korn, G.*; Bulanov, S. V.

Physics Letters A, 379(36), p.2044 - 2054, 2015/09

 Times Cited Count:28 Percentile:8.66(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Measurements and evaluations of air dose rates around Fukushima, 5; Characteristics of air dose rate distribution in the environment around the Fukushima Nuclear Power Plant site

Mikami, Satoshi; Matsuda, Norihiro; Ando, Masaki; Kinase, Sakae; Kitano, Mitsuaki; Kawase, Keiichi; Matsumoto, Shinichiro; Yamamoto, Hideaki; Saito, Kimiaki

Radioisotopes, 64(9), p.589 - 607, 2015/09

This article presents the features of regional distributions and temporal changes in air dose rate and radionuclide deposition densities in Fukushima on the basis of analyses on large-scale environmental monitoring results using diverse methods. The continuity of decontamination effects is discussed according to repeated monitoring data after the decontamination model project. Further, some examples are shown on the projection of air dose rates together with the ecological half lives for different land uses.

Journal Articles

A Laser-plasma-produced soft X-ray laser at 89 eV generates DNA double-strand breaks in human cancer cells

Sato, Katsutoshi*; Nishikino, Masaharu; Kawachi, Tetsuya; Shimokawa, Takashi*; Imai, Takashi*; Teshima, Teruki*; Nishimura, Hiroaki*; Kando, Masaki

Journal of Radiation Research, 56(4), p.633 - 638, 2015/07

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:86.34(Biology)

While X-ray laser is expected to be widely applied to biomedical studies, this has not been achieved to date and its biological effects such as DNA damage have not been evaluated. As a first step for its biological application, we developed a culture cell irradiation system using laser-plasma soft X-ray laser and investigated whether the soft X-ray laser is able to induce the DNA double strand breaks (DSBs) in living cells or not. The human adenocarcimona cell line A549 was irradiated with the soft X-ray laser at a photon energy of 89 eV and then the repair focus formation of the DSBs was assessed by immunofluorescence staining with anti-phosphorylated DNA-PKcs antibody. As a result, the phosphorylated DNA-PKcs foci were clearly identified even with just a single shot of the soft X-ray laser. In this study, we successfully demonstrated for the first time that soft X-ray laser at 89 eV induced the DNA double strand breaks in living cells.

Journal Articles

Direct observation of the pulse width of an ultrashort electron beam

Kotaki, Hideyuki; Kawase, Keigo*; Hayashi, Yukio; Mori, Michiaki; Kando, Masaki; Koga, J. K.; Bulanov, S. V.

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 84(7), p.074501_1 - 074501_5, 2015/07

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:50.01(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Stochastic regimes in the driven oscillator with a step-like nonlinearity

Bulanov, S. V.; Yogo, Akifumi*; Esirkepov, T. Z.; Koga, J. K.; Bulanov, S. S.*; Kondo, Kiminori; Kando, Masaki

Physics of Plasmas, 22(6), p.063108_1 - 063108_11, 2015/06

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:72.67(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

520 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)