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JAEA Reports

Annual report on the effluent control of low level liquid waste in Nuclear Fuel Cycle Engineering Laboratories FY2017

Nakano, Masanao; Fujita, Hiroki; Mizutani, Tomoko; Nagaoka, Mika; Inoue, Kazumi; Koike, Yuko; Yamada, Ryohei; Yoshii, Hideki*; Hiyama, Yoshinori*; Otani, Kazunori*; et al.

JAEA-Review 2018-028, 120 Pages, 2019/02

JAEA-Review-2018-028.pdf:2.69MB

Based on the regulations (the safety regulation of Tokai Reprocessing Plant, the safety regulation of nuclear fuel material usage facilities, the radiation safety rule, the regulation about prevention from radiation hazards due to radioisotopes, which are related with the nuclear regulatory acts, the local agreement concerning with safety and environment conservation around nuclear facilities, the water pollution control law, and by law of Ibaraki Prefecture), the effluent control of liquid waste discharged from the Nuclear Fuel Cycle Engineering Laboratories of Japan Atomic Energy Agency has been performed. This report describes the effluent control results of the liquid waste in the fiscal year 2017. In this period, the concentrations and the quantities of the radioactivity in liquid waste discharged from the reprocessing plant, the plutonium fuel fabrication facilities, and the other nuclear fuel material usage facilities were much lower than the limits authorized by the above regulations.

JAEA Reports

Annual report on the effluent control of low level liquid waste in Nuclear Fuel Cycle Engineering Laboratories FY2016

Nakano, Masanao; Fujita, Hiroki; Nagaoka, Mika; Inoue, Kazumi; Koike, Yuko; Yoshii, Hideki*; Hiyama, Yoshinori*; Otani, Kazunori*; Kikuchi, Masaaki*; Sakauchi, Nobuyuki*; et al.

JAEA-Review 2017-037, 119 Pages, 2018/03

JAEA-Review-2017-037.pdf:2.58MB

Based on the regulations (the safety regulation of Tokai Reprocessing Plant, the safety regulation of nuclear fuel material usage facilities, the radiation safety rule, the regulation about prevention from radiation hazards due to radioisotopes, which are related with the nuclear regulatory acts, the local agreement concerning with safety and environment conservation around nuclear facilities, the water pollution control law, and bylaw of Ibaraki Prefecture), the effluent control of liquid waste discharged from the Nuclear Fuel Cycle Engineering Laboratories of Japan Atomic Energy Agency has been performed. This report describes the effluent control results of the liquid waste in the fiscal year 2016. In this period, the concentrations and the quantities of the radioactivity in liquid waste discharged from the reprocessing plant, the plutonium fuel fabrication facilities, and the other nuclear fuel material usage facilities were much lower than the limits authorized by the above regulations.

Journal Articles

The Succession of bacterial community structure in groundwater from a 250-m gallery in the Horonobe Underground Research Laboratory

Ise, Kotaro; Sasaki, Yoshito; Amano, Yuki; Iwatsuki, Teruki; Nanjo, Isao*; Asano, Takahiro*; Yoshikawa, Hideki

Geomicrobiology Journal, 34(6), p.489 - 499, 2017/07

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:72.72(Environmental Sciences)

We investigated the change in bacterial community structure after drilling boreholes, 09-V250-M02 and 09-V250-M03 in the 250 m depth research gallery of Horonobe Underground Research Laboratory (URL). In 09-V250-M02, $$varepsilon$$-Proteobacteria was predominantly detected in the clone library analyses of the groundwater samples conducted immediately after drilling the borehole. All these $$varepsilon$$-Proteobacteria clones are closely related to ${{it Arcobacter spp}}$. which is known as sulfide oxidizing chemoautotrophic bacteria. After four years, the microbial structure was drastically changed and most detected OTUs were uncultured species such as candidate division OP9 and Chloroflexi relatives which are frequently detected in deep-sea sediments.

JAEA Reports

Annual report on the effluent control of low level liquid waste in Nuclear Fuel Cycle Engineering Laboratories FY2015

Nakano, Masanao; Fujita, Hiroki; Kono, Takahiko; Nagaoka, Mika; Inoue, Kazumi; Yoshii, Hideki*; Otani, Kazunori*; Hiyama, Yoshinori*; Kikuchi, Masaaki*; Sakauchi, Nobuyuki*; et al.

JAEA-Review 2017-001, 115 Pages, 2017/03

JAEA-Review-2017-001.pdf:3.57MB

Based on the regulations (the safety regulation of Tokai reprocessing plant, the safety regulation of nuclear fuel material usage facilities, the radiation safety rule, the regulation about prevention from radiation hazards due to radioisotopes, which are related with the nuclear regulatory acts, the local agreement concerning with safety and environment conservation around nuclear facilities, the water pollution control law, and bylaw of Ibaraki prefecture), the effluent control of liquid waste discharged from the Nuclear Fuel Cycle Engineering Laboratories of Japan Atomic Energy Agency has been performed. This report describes the effluent control results of the liquid waste in the fiscal year 2015. In this period, the concentrations and the quantities of the radioactivity in liquid waste discharged from the reprocessing plant, the plutonium fuel fabrication facilities, and the other nuclear fuel material usage facilities were much lower than the limits authorized by the above regulations.

JAEA Reports

Annual report on the effluent control of low level liquid waste in Nuclear Fuel Cycle Engineering Laboratories FY2014

Watanabe, Hitoshi; Nakano, Masanao; Fujita, Hiroki; Kono, Takahiko; Inoue, Kazumi; Yoshii, Hideki*; Otani, Kazunori*; Hiyama, Yoshinori*; Kikuchi, Masaaki*; Sakauchi, Nobuyuki*; et al.

JAEA-Review 2015-030, 115 Pages, 2015/12

JAEA-Review-2015-030.pdf:25.28MB

Based on the regulations (the safety regulation of Tokai reprocessing plant, the safety regulation of nuclear fuel material usage facilities, the radiation safety rule, the regulation about prevention from radiation hazards due to radioisotopes, which are related with the nuclear regulatory acts, the local agreement concerning with safety and environment conservation around nuclear facilities, the water pollution control law, and bylaw of Ibaraki prefecture), the effluent control of liquid waste discharged from the Nuclear Fuel Cycle Engineering Laboratories of Japan Atomic Energy Agency has been performed. This report describes the effluent control results of the liquid waste in the fiscal year 2014. In this period, the concentrations and the quantities of the radioactivity in liquid waste discharged from the reprocessing plant, the plutonium fuel fabrication facilities, and the other nuclear fuel material usage facilities were much lower than the limits authorized by the above regulations.

Journal Articles

Occurrence and potential activity of denitrifiers and methanogens in groundwater at 140 m depth in Pliocene diatomaceous mudstone of northern Japan

Katsuyama, Chie*; Nashimoto, Hiroaki*; Nagaosa, Kazuyo*; Ishibashi, Tomotaka*; Furuta, Kazuki*; Kinoshita, Takeshi*; Yoshikawa, Hideki; Aoki, Kazuhiro; Asano, Takahiro*; Sasaki, Yoshito; et al.

FEMS Microbiology Ecology, 86(3), p.532 - 543, 2013/12

 Times Cited Count:8 Percentile:66.58(Microbiology)

Anaerobic microbial activity has a major influence on the subsurface environment, and should be considered in subsurface activities including the construction of radioactive waste repositories. We investigated denitrification and methanogenesis in anoxic groundwater from 140 m depth in two boreholes, where the redox potential fluctuated. The average maximum potential denitrification rates, measured under anaerobic conditions in the two boreholes using an $$^{15}$$N tracer. Methanogenesis candidates were detected by 16S rRNA gene analysis. Although the stable isotope signatures suggested that some of the dissolved methane was of biogenic origin, no potential for methane production was evident during the incubations. The groundwater at 140 m depth did not contain oxygen, had an Eh ranging from -144 to 6.8 mV, and was found to be a potential field for denitrification.

Journal Articles

An Investigation of microbial effect as biofilm formation on radionuclide migration

Yoshikawa, Hideki; Kawakita, Masakazu*; Fujiwara, Kazuhiro*; Sato, Tomofumi; Asano, Takahiro*; Sasaki, Yoshito

Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings, Vol.1475, p.617 - 622, 2012/06

Since it was suggested that the microbes have ability to generate their biofilm in deep underground condition, we examined the effects of biofilm on radionuclide migration scenario. To estimate the effect on matrix diffusion, through diffusion experiment for a biofilm of Desulfovivrio desullfuricans were performed. The effective diffusion coefficient of the biofilm was 10$$^{-10}$$ m$$^{2}$$/s order which was about ten times smaller than that in free water. It is suggesting that the microbes and biofilm will not interfere with matrix diffusion as a retardation of radionuclide in rock.

Journal Articles

Development of a dynamic CT system for neutron radiography and consecutive visualization of three-dimensional water behavior in a PEFC stack

Murakawa, Hideki*; Hashimoto, Michinori*; Sugimoto, Katsumi*; Asano, Hitoshi*; Takenaka, Nobuyuki*; Mochiki, Koichi*; Yasuda, Ryo

Nippon Kikai Gakkai Rombunshu, B, 77(784), p.2255 - 2262, 2011/12

Journal Articles

Evaluation of water distribution in a small operating fuel cell using neutron color image intensifier

Yasuda, Ryo; Nitto, Koichi*; Konagai, Chikara*; Shiozawa, Masahiro*; Takenaka, Nobuyuki*; Asano, Hitoshi*; Murakawa, Hideki*; Sugimoto, Katsumi*; Nojima, Takehiro; Hayashida, Hirotoshi; et al.

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 651(1), p.268 - 272, 2011/09

 Times Cited Count:7 Percentile:40.84(Instruments & Instrumentation)

Neutron radiography is one of useful tools to visualize water behavior in fuel cells under operation. In order to observe the detailed information about the water distribution in MEA and GDL in fuel cells, a high spatial resolution and high sensitivity neutron imaging system are required. We developed an imaging system using the neutron color imaging intensifier and continuously observed water distribution in operating a fuel cell. By using the system, a small type fuel cell under operation was continuously observed at the TNRF in every 20 sec. In the results, the water area was appeared from GDL and MEA, and expanded to the channel of the cathode side. On the other hand, voltage was gradually reduced with the operation time, and steeply dropped. It is considered that voltage drop was caused by blockage of gas flow due to the piling up water in the channel of the cathode side.

Journal Articles

Measurements of water distribution in through-plane direction of PEFC by using neutron radiography

Murakawa, Hideki*; Wada, Daisuke*; Sugimoto, Katsumi*; Asano, Hitoshi*; Takenaka, Nobuyuki*; Yasuda, Ryo

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 651(1), p.286 - 289, 2011/09

 Times Cited Count:9 Percentile:32.13(Instruments & Instrumentation)

Journal Articles

Visualization of dynamic 3-D water behavior in polymer electrolyte fuel cell by using neutron image intensifier

Takenaka, Nobuyuki*; Asano, Hitoshi*; Sugimoto, Katsumi*; Murakawa, Hideki*; Hashimoto, Michinori*; Shindo, Noritaka*; Mochiki, Koichi*; Yasuda, Ryo

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 651(1), p.277 - 281, 2011/09

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:59.38(Instruments & Instrumentation)

Journal Articles

Effect of water distributions on performances of JARI standard PEFC by using neutron radiography

Murakawa, Hideki*; Ueda, Tadanobu*; Yoshida, Takehisa*; Sugimoto, Katsumi*; Asano, Hitoshi*; Takenaka, Nobuyuki*; Mochiki, Koichi*; Iikura, Hiroshi; Yasuda, Ryo; Matsubayashi, Masahito

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 605(1-2), p.127 - 130, 2009/06

 Times Cited Count:21 Percentile:14.54(Instruments & Instrumentation)

JAEA Reports

Study on investigation of microbial effects for geological disposal, 2 (Joint research)

Tochigi, Yoshikatsu; Yoshikawa, Hideki; Aoki, Kazuhiro; Yui, Mikazu; Asano, Takahiro*; Honjo, Hideko*; Haginuma, Masashi*; Kawakami, Yasushi*; Suzuki, Kazunori*

JAEA-Research 2008-025, 55 Pages, 2008/03

JAEA-Research-2008-025.pdf:8.55MB

Results of joint research on fiscal year 2006 between Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) and Institute of Research and Innovative (IRI) titled as "Study on investigation of microbial effects for geological disposal" are described in this report. The objective of this study is to develop a method for estimating microbial effects for barrier performance of geological disposal site. The modeling was performed to examine the effect on the change in groundwater chemistry (mainly by electron acceptors) by microbial metabolism as well as microbial activities. In order to use the data (chemical composition, biomass, etc.) in the MINT code, groundwater was collected from the drilled well prepared for chemical and microbial analyses of groundwater. The well was prepared in observation field near Horonobe Underground Research Center of JAEA in fiscal year 2006. Then, numerical modeling using collected data of groundwater with numerical modeling program code "MINT" considering microbial effects was carried out. The modeling was carried out to evaluate the microbial effect for stability of chemical and microbial composition of groundwater. As the result of the modeling, relatively low microbial effect for groundwater composition was observed in particular for the concentration of dissolved methane, methanogen, sulfur reducing bacteria (SRB) and sulfur ion. The result shows that low redox potential is stable in the well in spite of shallow depth.

Journal Articles

Spectroscopic study of trivalent rare earth ions in calcium nitrate hydrate melt

Fujii, Toshiyuki*; Asano, Hideki*; Kimura, Takaumi; Yamamoto, Takeshi*; Uehara, Akihiro*; Yamana, Hajimu*

Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 408-412, p.989 - 994, 2006/02

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:56.34(Chemistry, Physical)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Beam-palarization asymmetries for the $$p$$($$overrightarrow{gamma}$$,$$K$$$$^{+}$$)$$Lambda$$ and $$p$$($$overrightarrow{gamma}$$,$$K$$$$^{+}$$)$$Sigma$$$$^{0}$$ reactions for $$E$$$$_{gamma}$$=1.5-2.4 GeV

Zegers, R. G. T.*; Sumihama, Mizuki*; Ahn, D. S.*; Ahn, J. K.*; Akimune, Hidetoshi*; Asano, Yoshihiro; Chang, W. C.*; Dat$'e$, S.*; Ejiri, Hiroyasu*; Fujimura, Hisako*; et al.

Physical Review Letters, 91(9), p.092001_1 - 092001_4, 2003/08

 Times Cited Count:119 Percentile:4.52(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Evidence for a narrow $$S$$ = +1 Baryon resonance in photoproduction from the neutron

Nakano, Takashi*; Ahn, D. S.*; Ahn, J. K.*; Akimune, Hidetoshi*; Asano, Yoshihiro; Chang, W. C.*; Date, S.*; Ejiri, Hiroyasu*; Fujimura, Hisako*; Fujiwara, Mamoru; et al.

Physical Review Letters, 91(1), p.012002_1 - 012002_4, 2003/07

 Times Cited Count:949 Percentile:0.11(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Utilization of actinide as cell active materials; Effective utilization of uranium as battery active material, JAERI's nuclear research promotion program, H10-034-2 (Contract research)

Yamana, Hajimu*; Moriyama, Hirotake*; Asano, Hideki*; Shiokawa, Yoshinobu*; Yamamura, Tomoo*; Hasegawa, Kazuki*; Kimura, Akihiro*; Umekita, Satoshi*

JAERI-Tech 2002-018, 33 Pages, 2002/03

JAERI-Tech-2002-018.pdf:1.95MB

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Dependence of volume phase transition temperature of poly(acryloyl-L-proline methyl ester) gel on hydrophobic tail length of anionic surfactants

Yoshida, Masaru; Asano, Masaharu; Omichi, Hideki; Kamimura, Wataru*; Kumakura, Minoru*; Katakai, Ryoichi*

Macromolecules, 30(9), p.2795 - 2796, 1997/05

 Times Cited Count:15 Percentile:41.27(Polymer Science)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Reversible on-off switch function of ion-track pores for thermo-responsive films based on copolymers consisting of diethyleneglycol-bis-allylcarbonate and acryloyl-L-proline methyl ester

Yoshida, Masaru; Nagaoka, Noiyasu*; Asano, Masaharu; Omichi, Hideki; Kubota, Hitoshi*; Ogura, K.*; Vetter, J.*; Spohr, R.*; Katakai, Ryoichi*

Journal of Nuclear Materials, 122(1), p.39 - 44, 1997/00

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Application of ion beams to synthesis of environmentally responsive track membranes

Omichi, Hideki; Yoshida, Masaru; Asano, Masaharu; Nagaoka, Noiyasu*; Kubota, Hitoshi*; Katakai, Ryoichi*; Spohr, R.*; Reber, N.*; Wolf, A.*; G.M.Alder*; et al.

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B, 131(1-4), p.350 - 356, 1997/00

 Times Cited Count:18 Percentile:18.65

no abstracts in English

64 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)