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論文

Quantitatively evaluating respective contribution of austenite and deformation-induced martensite to flow stress, plastic strain, and strain hardening rate in tensile deformed TRIP steel

Mao, W.; Gao, S.*; Gong, W.; Bai, Y.*; Harjo, S.; Park, M.-H.*; 柴田 曉伸*; 辻 伸泰*

Acta Materialia, 256, p.119139_1 - 119139_16, 2023/09

 被引用回数:5 パーセンタイル:90.07(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

変形誘起塑性(TRIP)鋼は、変形誘起マルテンサイト変態(DIMT)に伴う加工硬化率の向上により、強度と延性の優れた組み合わせを示す。TRIP鋼や合金の加工硬化挙動におけるDIMTの役割を定量的に評価することは、強度と延性の両立を可能にする先進材料を設計するための指針を与えるが、変形中に相組成が変化し続け、応力と塑性ひずみの両方が構成相間で動的に分配されるため、その評価は困難である。本研究では、Fe-24Ni-0.3C(wt.%)TRIPオーステナイト鋼の引張変形とその場中性子回折測定を行った。中性子回折測定による応力分割と相分割に基づく解析手法を提案し、試験片の引張流動応力と加工硬化率を、オーステナイト母相,変形誘起マルテンサイト、DIMT変態速度に関連する因子に分解し、試料の加工硬化挙動における各因子の役割を考察した。さらに、回折プロファイル解析により測定した転位密度を用いてオーステナイトとマルテンサイト間の塑性ひずみ分配を間接的に推定し、材料中のオーステナイトとマルテンサイト間の応力・ひずみ分配の全体像を構築した。その結果、変形誘起マルテンサイト変態速度とマルテンサイトが負担する相応力の両方が、材料の全体的な引張特性に重要な役割を果たしていることが示唆された。提案した分解解析法は、TRIP現象を示す多相合金の機械的挙動を調べるために広く適用できる可能性がある。

論文

High-density nanoprecipitates and phase reversion via maraging enable ultrastrong yet strain-hardenable medium-entropy alloy

Kwon, H.*; Sathiyamoorthi, P.*; Gangaraju, M. K.*; Zargaran, A.*; Wang, J.*; Heo, Y.-U.*; Harjo, S.; Gong, W.; Lee, B.-J.*; Kim, H. S.*

Acta Materialia, 248, p.118810_1 - 118810_12, 2023/04

 被引用回数:15 パーセンタイル:99.09(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Maraging steels, known for ultrahigh strength and good fracture toughness, derive their superior properties from lath martensite structure with high-density nanoprecipitates. In this work, we designed a novel Fe-based medium-entropy alloy with a chemical composition of Fe$$_{60}$$Co$$_{25}$$Ni$$_{10}$$Mo$$_5$$ in atomic% by utilizing the characteristics of the maraging steels. By a single-step aging of only 10 min at 650 $$^{circ}$$C, the alloy showed microstructures consisting of a very high number density of (Fe, Co, Ni)$$_7$$Mo$$_6$$-type nanoprecipitates in lath martensite structure and reverted FCC phase, which led to ultrahigh yield strength higher than 2 GPa. This work demonstrates a novel direction to produce strong and ductile materials by expanding the horizons of material design with the aid of high-entropy concept and overcoming the limits of conventional materials.

論文

Unexpected dynamic transformation from $$alpha$$ phase to $$beta$$ phase in zirconium alloy revealed by in-situ neutron diffraction during high temperature deformation

Guo, B.*; Mao, W.; Chong, Y.*; 柴田 曉伸*; Harjo, S.; Gong, W.; Chen, H.*; Jonas, J. J.*; 辻 伸泰*

Acta Materialia, 242, p.118427_1 - 118427_11, 2023/01

 被引用回数:7 パーセンタイル:72.10(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Dynamic transformation from alpha (HCP) to beta (BCC) phase in a zirconium alloy was revealed by the use of in-situ neutron diffraction during hot compression. The dynamic transformation was unexpectedly detected during isothermal compression at temperatures of 900$$^{circ}$$C and 950$$^{circ}$$C (alpha + beta two-phase region) and strain rates of 0.01 s$$^{-1}$$ and 0.001 s$$^{-1}$$, even though equilibrium two-phase states were achieved prior to the hot compression. Dynamic transformation was accompanied by diffusion of Sn from beta to alpha phase, which resulted in changes of lattice parameters and a characteristic microstructure of alpha grains. The details of dynamic transformation are discussed using the evolution of lattice constants.

論文

Si-addition contributes to overcoming the strength-ductility trade-off in high-entropy alloys

Wei, D.*; Gong, W.; 都留 智仁; Lobzenko, I.; Li, X.*; Harjo, S.; 川崎 卓郎; Do, H.-S.*; Bae, J. W.*; Wagner, C.*; et al.

International Journal of Plasticity, 159, p.103443_1 - 103443_18, 2022/12

 被引用回数:28 パーセンタイル:98.32(Engineering, Mechanical)

Face-centered cubic single-phase high-entropy alloys (HEAs) containing multi-principal transition metals have attracted significant attention, exhibiting an unprecedented combination of strength and ductility owing to their low stacking fault energy (SFE) and large misfit parameter that creates severe local lattice distortion. Increasing both strength and ductility further is challenging. In the present study, we demonstrate via meticulous experiments that the CoCrFeNi HEA with the addition of the substitutional metalloid Si can retain a single-phase FCC structure while its yield strength (up to 65%), ultimate strength (up to 34%), and ductility (up to 15%) are simultaneously increased, owing to a synthetical effect of the enhanced solid solution strengthening and a reduced SFE. The dislocation behaviors and plastic deformation mechanisms were tuned by the addition of Si, which improves the strain hardening and tensile ductility. The present study provides new strategies for enhancing HEA performance by targeted metalloid additions.

論文

Strain hardening behavior of additively manufactured and annealed AlSi3.5Mg2.5 alloy

Zhang, X. X.*; Lutz, A.*; Andr$"a$, H.*; Lahres, M.*; Gong, W.; Harjo, S.; Emmelmann, C.*

Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 898, p.162890_1 - 162890_8, 2022/03

 被引用回数:6 パーセンタイル:66.76(Chemistry, Physical)

The ductility of the Al alloys produced by additive manufacturing (AM) has become a critical property, as the AM Al alloys are increasingly used in the automotive industry. However, the ductility of as-built AM Al alloys is relatively low, even with optimized AM conditions. The post-annealing treatment provides an efficient way to improve ductility. Previous investigation has shown that the annealed AM AlSi3.5Mg2.5 alloy possesses superior ductility. However, the plastic deformation micro-mechanisms of the annealed AM AlSi3.5Mg2.5 alloy remain unclear. In this study, in-situ neutron diffraction was employed to explore the annealed AM AlSi3.5Mg2.5 alloy. The evolutions of phase stresses, dislocation density, and crystallite size in the annealed AM AlSi3.5Mg2.5 alloy during tensile deformation were analyzed. The experimental investigation reveals that the dislocation density in the Al matrix of the annealed AM AlSi3.5Mg2.5 alloy increases slowly in the early plastic deformation stage, and it reaches a saturated level upon the following uniform deformation. The crystallite size decreases quickly in the early deformation stage, and then it decreases slowly. The Kocks-Mecking model and the Voce model can capture the strain hardening behavior well. The determined physical constitutive equations can be applied in continuum mechanical computer simulations.

論文

Metalloid substitution elevates simultaneously the strength and ductility of face-centered-cubic high-entropy alloys

Wei, D.*; Wang, L.*; Zhang, Y.*; Gong, W.; 都留 智仁; Lobzenko, I.; Jiang, J.*; Harjo, S.; 川崎 卓郎; Bae, J. W.*; et al.

Acta Materialia, 225, p.117571_1 - 117571_16, 2022/02

 被引用回数:61 パーセンタイル:99.71(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Recently-developed high-entropy alloys (HEAs) containing multiple principal metallic elements have ex-tended the compositional space of solid solutions and the range of their mechanical properties. Here we show that the realm of possibilities can be further expanded through substituting the constituent metals with metalloids, which are desirable for tailoring strength/ductility because they have chemical interactions and atomic sizes distinctly different from the host metallic elements. Specifically, the metalloid substitution increases local lattice distortion and short-range chemical inhomogeneities to elevate strength, and in the meantime reduces the stacking fault energy to discourage dynamic recovery and encourage defect accumulation via partial-dislocation-mediated activities. These impart potent dislocation storage to improve the strain hardening capability, which is essential for sustaining large tensile elongation. As such, metalloid substitution into HEAs evades the normally expected strength-ductility trade-off, enabling an unusual synergy of high tensile strength and extraordinary ductility for these single-phase solid solutions.

論文

Work hardening behavior of hot-rolled metastable Fe$$_{50}$$Co$$_{25}$$Ni$$_{10}$$Al$$_{5}$$Ti$$_{5}$$Mo$$_{5}$$ medium-entropy alloy; In situ neutron diffraction analysis

Kwon, H.*; Harjo, S.; 川崎 卓郎; Gong, W.; Jeong, S. G.*; Kim, E. S.*; Sathiyamoorthi, P.*; 加藤 秀実*; Kim, H. S.*

Science and Technology of Advanced Materials, 23(1), p.579 - 586, 2022/00

 被引用回数:6 パーセンタイル:61.59(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Metastability engineering is a strategy to enhance the strength and ductility of alloys via deliberately lowering phase stability and prompting deformation-induced martensitic transformation. In this work, the martensitic transformation and its effect on the mechanical response of a Fe$$_{50}$$Co$$_{25}$$Ni$$_{10}$$Al$$_{5}$$Ti$$_{5}$$Mo$$_{5}$$ medium-entropy alloy (MEA) were studied by in situ neutron diffraction under tensile loading. This work shows how great a role FCC to BCC martensitic transformation can play in enhancing the mechanical properties of ferrous MEAs.

論文

Suppressed lattice disorder for large emission enhancement and structural robustness in hybrid lead iodide perovskite discovered by high-pressure isotope effect

Kong, L.*; Gong, J.*; Hu, Q.*; Capitani, F.*; Celeste, A.*; 服部 高典; 佐野 亜沙美; Li, N.*; Yang, W.*; Liu, G.*; et al.

Advanced Functional Materials, 31(9), p.2009131_1 - 2009131_12, 2021/02

 被引用回数:23 パーセンタイル:81.42(Chemistry, Multidisciplinary)

有機-無機ハロゲン化物ペロブスカイトは非常に柔らかいために、圧力などの外部刺激により格子定数を容易に変化させることができ、有用な光電特性を引き出すのに有効である。一方でこの特性は、多少の加圧でも、格子を歪ませてしまい、光と物質の相互作用を弱め、それによる性能の低下を引き起こす。そこで本研究では、代表的な物質であるヨウ化メチルアンモニウム鉛に対して圧力効果および同位体効果を調べ、それらが格子歪を抑制することが分かった。このことは、それらが、これまで得られなかったような光学的,機械的特性を持つ物質を得る手段として有効であることを示している。

論文

Quantifying internal strains, stresses, and dislocation density in additively manufactured AlSi10Mg during loading-unloading-reloading deformation

Zhang, X. X.*; Andr$"a$, H.*; Harjo, S.; Gong, W.*; 川崎 卓郎; Lutz, A.*; Lahres, M.*

Materials & Design, 198, p.109339_1 - 109339_9, 2021/01

 被引用回数:43 パーセンタイル:94.50(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Here, in-situ neutron diffraction is employed to explore the residual strains, stresses, and dislocation density in the LPBF AlSi10Mg during loading-unloading-reloading deformation. It is found that the maximum residual stresses of the Al and Si phases in the loading direction reach up to about -115 (compressive) and 832 (tensile) MPa, respectively. A notable dislocation annihilation phenomenon is observed in the Al matrix: the dislocation density decreases significantly during unloading stages, and the amplitude of this reduction increases after experiencing a larger plastic deformation. At the macroscale, this dislocation annihilation phenomenon is associated with the reverse strain after unloading. At the microscale, the annihilation phenomenon is driven by the compressive residual stress in the Al matrix. Meanwhile, the annihilation of screw dislocations during unloading stages contributes to the reduction in total dislocation density.

論文

${it In situ}$ neutron diffraction study on the deformation of a TRIP-assisted multi-phase steel composed of ferrite, austenite and martensite

Lavakumar, A.*; Park, M. H.*; Gao, S.*; 柴田 曉伸*; 興津 貴隆*; Gong, W.; Harjo, S.; 辻 伸泰*

IOP Conference Series; Materials Science and Engineering, 580, p.012036_1 - 012036_6, 2019/09

 被引用回数:3 パーセンタイル:82.77(Engineering, Mechanical)

Multi-phase steels showing transformation induced plasticity (TRIP), can exhibit an excellent combination of high strength and good ductility by the aid of martensitic transformation during deformation. Even though TRIP-assisted multi-phase steels have been widely used in industry, the role of each phase in the enhancement of mechanical properties is still unclear given their complicated microstructures. In order to understand better the nature of the TRIP effect, the mechanical interaction between different phases at the micro-scale should be clarified. In the present study, the mechanical behavior of a transformation induced plasticity (TRIP) assisted multi-phase steel, has been characterized by ${it in situ}$ neutron diffraction during tensile testing. The result of strain partitioning between the different phases obtained from the ${it in situ}$ neutron analysis revealed that the martensite phase took much more elastic strain than the ferrite and retained austenite phases, which suggests that the work hardening behavior in the present steel is affected by the higher load borne by deformation-induced martensite.

論文

Odd and even modes of neutron spin resonance in the bilayer iron-based superconductor CaKFe$$_{4}$$As$$_{4}$$

Xie, T.*; Wei, Y.*; Gong, D.*; Fennell, T.*; Stuhr, U.*; 梶本 亮一; 池内 和彦*; Li, S.*; Hu, J.*; Luo, H.*

Physical Review Letters, 120(26), p.267003_1 - 267003_7, 2018/06

 被引用回数:31 パーセンタイル:84.45(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

We report an inelastic neutron scattering study on the spin resonance in the bilayer iron-based superconductor CaKFe$$_4$$As$$_4$$. In contrast to its quasi-two-dimensional electron structure, three strongly $$L$$-dependent modes of spin resonance are found below $$T_c$$ = 35 K. The mode energies are below and linearly scale with the total superconducting gaps summed on the nesting hole and electron pockets, essentially in agreement with the results in cuprate and heavy fermion superconductors. This observation supports the sign-reversed Cooper-pairing mechanism under multiple pairing channels and resolves the long-standing puzzles concerning the broadening and dispersive spin resonance peak in iron pnictides. More importantly, the triple resonant modes can be classified into odd and even symmetries with respect to the distance of Fe-Fe planes within the Fe-As bilayer unit. Thus, our results closely resemble those in the bilayer cuprates with nondegenerate spin excitations, suggesting that these two high-$$T_c$$ superconducting families share a common nature.

論文

Time-of-flight neutron transmission imaging of martensite transformation in bent plates of a Fe-25Ni-0.4C alloy

Su, Y. H.; 及川 健一; 篠原 武尚; 甲斐 哲也; 廣井 孝介; Harjo, S.; 川崎 卓郎; Gong, W.; Zhang, S. Y.*; Parker, J. D.*; et al.

Physics Procedia, 88, p.42 - 49, 2017/06

 被引用回数:4 パーセンタイル:84.73(Instruments & Instrumentation)

The influences of bending deformation and subsequent subzero treatment on the martensite transformation behaviors in a metastable austenitic alloy Fe-25Ni-0.4C were investigated by the time-of-flight (TOF) neutron Bragg-edge transmission (BET) imaging method. Two-dimensional (2D) maps of martensite phase volume fractions and texture variations due to residual stress and lowering the temperature of the bent samples before and after subzero treatment were obtained by Bragg-edge spectral analysis. The obtained phase volume fractions were quantitatively compared with those determined by neutron diffraction.

論文

Uniaxial pressure effect on the magnetic ordered moment and transition temperatures in BaFe$$_{2-x}$$T$$_{x}$$As$$_{2}$$ ($$T$$ = Co,Ni)

Tam, D. M.*; Song, Y.*; Man, H.*; Cheung, S. C.*; Yin, Z.*; Lu, X.*; Wang, W.*; Frandsen, B. A.*; Liu, L.*; Gong, Z.*; et al.

Physical Review B, 95(6), p.060505_1 - 060505_6, 2017/02

 被引用回数:23 パーセンタイル:70.90(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

We use neutron diffraction and muon spin relaxation to study the effect of in-plane uniaxial pressure on the antiferromagnetic (AF) orthorhombic phase in BaFe$$_{2-x}$$T$$_{x}$$As$$_{2}$$ and its Co- and Ni-substituted members near optimal superconductivity. In the low-temperature AF ordered state, uniaxial pressure necessary to detwin the orthorhombic crystals also increases the magnetic ordered moment, reaching an 11% increase under 40 MPa for BaFe$$_{1.9}$$Co$$_{0.1}$$As$$_2$$, and a 15% increase for BaFe$$_{1.915}$$Ni$$_{0.085}$$As$$_2$$. We also observe an increase of the AF ordering temperature ($$T_N$$) of about 0.25 K/MPa in all compounds, consistent with density functional theory calculations that reveal better Fermi surface nesting for itinerant electrons under uniaxial pressure. The doping dependence of the magnetic ordered moment is captured by combining dynamical mean field theory with density functional theory, suggesting that the pressure-induced moment increase near optimal superconductivity is closely related to quantum fluctuations and the nearby electronic nematic phase.

論文

Effect of prior martensite on bainite transformation in nanobainite steel

Gong, W.; 友田 陽*; Harjo, S.; Su, Y. H.; 相澤 一也

Acta Materialia, 85, p.243 - 249, 2015/02

 被引用回数:146 パーセンタイル:98.90(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

その場中性子回折法、走査型電子顕微鏡および電子線後方散乱回折法による 部分焼き入れ有り及び無しによって523Kと573K恒温保持中ベイナイト相変態挙動を比較した。マルテンサイトを導入することによりベイナイト変態速度が加速されることを見出した。レンズマルテンサイト晶に隣接して、結晶方位の近いベイナイトラスが生成している。マルテンサイト変態ひずみはオーステナイトの塑性変形によって応力緩和されるので、これによって導入された転位はベイナイト変態を促進し、強いバリアント選択則をもたらすことがわかった。

論文

Overview of plasma-material interaction experiments on EAST employing MAPES

Ding, F.*; Luo, G.-N.*; Pitts, R.*; Litnovsky, A.*; Gong, X.*; Ding, R.*; Mao, H.*; Zhou, H.*; Wampler, W. R.*; Stangeby, P. C.*; et al.

Journal of Nuclear Materials, 455(1-3), p.710 - 716, 2014/12

 被引用回数:25 パーセンタイル:87.95(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

A movable material probe system (Material and Plasma Evaluation System: MAPES) with an independent pumping system and a sample exchange chamber has been developed and installed on a horizontal port of the EAST tokamak for studies of plasma material interaction (PMI). In the 2012 experimental campaign, deposition and erosion were studied for three samples: mock-up of the outer first wall panels (FWPs) in ITER, castellated tungsten, and molybdenum mirrors. The FWPs with carbon deposition layer were exposed to helium plasmas. The maximum erosion rate of the carbon was valuated to be 8 nm/s. The castellated tungsten with rectangular cells and roof-like shaped cells was exposed to deuterium plasmas to compare amount of deposits on the gap surface. The amount of carbon and boron impurities on the gap surface of the roof-like shaped cells were reduced to less than 30% compared with that of the rectangular cells. The molybdenum mirrors of which protective ducts are installed in front were exposed to deuterium plasmas in order to investigate effects of length of the ducts. It was found that the reflectivity of the mirrors with 60 mm-long protective ducts is kept the initial reflectivity.

論文

Event structure and double helicity asymmetry in jet production from polarized $$p + p$$ collisions at $$sqrt{s}$$ = 200 GeV

Adare, A.*; Afanasiev, S.*; Aidala, C.*; Ajitanand, N. N.*; Akiba, Y.*; Al-Bataineh, H.*; Alexander, J.*; Aoki, K.*; Aphecetche, L.*; Armendariz, R.*; et al.

Physical Review D, 84(1), p.012006_1 - 012006_18, 2011/07

 被引用回数:29 パーセンタイル:73.10(Astronomy & Astrophysics)

重心エネルギー200GeVでの縦偏極陽子陽子衝突からのジェット生成のイベント構造と二重非対称($$A_{LL}$$)について報告する。光子と荷電粒子がPHENIX実験で測定され、イベント構造がPHYTIAイベント生成コードの結果と比較された。再構成されたジェットの生成率は2次までの摂動QCDの計算で十分再現される。測定された$$A_{LL}$$は、一番低い横運動量で-0.0014$$pm$$0.0037、一番高い横運動量で-0.0181$$pm$$0.0282であった。この$$A_{LL}$$の結果を幾つかの$$Delta G(x)$$の分布を仮定した理論予想と比較する。

論文

Identified charged hadron production in $$p + p$$ collisions at $$sqrt{s}$$ = 200 and 62.4 GeV

Adare, A.*; Afanasiev, S.*; Aidala, C.*; Ajitanand, N. N.*; 秋葉 康之*; Al-Bataineh, H.*; Alexander, J.*; 青木 和也*; Aphecetche, L.*; Armendariz, R.*; et al.

Physical Review C, 83(6), p.064903_1 - 064903_29, 2011/06

 被引用回数:184 パーセンタイル:99.42(Physics, Nuclear)

200GeVと62.4GeVでの陽子陽子の中心衝突からの$$pi, K, p$$の横運動量分布及び収量をRHICのPHENIX実験によって測定した。それぞれエネルギーでの逆スロープパラメーター、平均横運動量及び単位rapidityあたりの収量を求め、異なるエネルギーでの他の測定結果と比較する。また$$m_T$$$$x_T$$スケーリングのようなスケーリングについて示して陽子陽子衝突における粒子生成メカニズムについて議論する。さらに測定したスペクトルを二次の摂動QCDの計算と比較する。

論文

Azimuthal correlations of electrons from heavy-flavor decay with hadrons in $$p+p$$ and Au+Au collisions at $$sqrt{s_{NN}}$$ = 200 GeV

Adare, A.*; Afanasiev, S.*; Aidala, C.*; Ajitanand, N. N.*; 秋葉 康之*; Al-Bataineh, H.*; Alexander, J.*; 青木 和也*; Aphecetche, L.*; Aramaki, Y.*; et al.

Physical Review C, 83(4), p.044912_1 - 044912_16, 2011/04

 被引用回数:9 パーセンタイル:52.86(Physics, Nuclear)

重いフレーバーのメソンの崩壊からの電子の測定は、このメソンの収量が金金衝突では陽子陽子に比べて抑制されていることを示している。われわれはこの研究をさらに進めて二つの粒子の相関、つまり重いフレーバーメソンの崩壊からの電子と、もう一つの重いフレーバーメソンあるいはジェットの破片からの荷電ハドロン、の相関を調べた。この測定は重いクォークとクォークグルオン物質の相互作用についてのより詳しい情報を与えるものである。われわれは特に金金衝突では陽子陽子に比べて反対側のジェットの形と収量が変化していることを見いだした。

論文

Measurement of neutral mesons in $$p$$ + $$p$$ collisions at $$sqrt{s}$$ = 200 GeV and scaling properties of hadron production

Adare, A.*; Afanasiev, S.*; Aidala, C.*; Ajitanand, N. N.*; Akiba, Y.*; Al-Bataineh, H.*; Alexander, J.*; Aoki, K.*; Aphecetche, L.*; Armendariz, R.*; et al.

Physical Review D, 83(5), p.052004_1 - 052004_26, 2011/03

 被引用回数:177 パーセンタイル:98.48(Astronomy & Astrophysics)

RHIC-PHENIX実験で重心エネルギー200GeVの陽子陽子衝突からの$$K^0_s$$, $$omega$$, $$eta'$$$$phi$$中間子生成の微分断面積を測定した。これらハドロンの横運動量分布のスペクトルの形はたった二つのパラメーター、$$n, T$$、のTsallis分布関数でよく記述できる。これらのパラメーターはそれぞれ高い横運動量と低い横運動量の領域のスペクトルを決めている。これらの分布をフィットして得られた積分された不変断面積はこれまで測定されたデータ及び統計モデルの予言と一致している。

口頭

Application of neutron Bragg-edge transmission imaging in engineering materials

Su, Y. H.; 篠原 武尚; Parker, J. D.*; 及川 健一; 甲斐 哲也; Gong, W.; Harjo, S.

no journal, , 

Energy-resolved neutron Bragg-edge imaging, offering high spatial resolution for visualizing crystallographic information, has become a useful tool. At BL22 RADEN in MLF J-PARC, we have extensively utilized neutron Bragg-edge imaging in various materials studies, covering both steel and light metals. This presentation focuses on examining strain and microstructure around fatigue crack tips in steel materials, as well as investigating the deformation behavior in magnesium (Mg) alloys using neutron Bragg-edge imaging. We will also present comparative analyses employing neutron diffraction data acquired from BL19 TAKUMI in MLF J-PARC. Our research involved a comprehensive comparative analysis to investigate local variations in strain/stress and microstructure surrounding fatigue crack tips in compact-tension specimens made of SUS304 steel. This investigation was carried out under constant amplitude loading conditions. This study represents a pioneering effort in utilizing Bragg-edge imaging measurements to analyse crack-tip microstructure in thick specimens during fatigue crack-growth tests. The insights gained into strain and crystalline structure within the bulk significantly enhance our understanding of crack-tip elastic and plastic strain evolution mechanisms in engineering materials. Furthermore, we explored deformation twinning in the compression processes of Mg alloys at various strains. Direct visualization of twin formation and growth in pure Mg during compression was achieved. Additionally, texture evolutions resulting from twinning and changes in twin volume fraction were quantitatively assessed through the analysis of Bragg-edge transmission spectra.

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