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Metalloid substitution elevates simultaneously the strength and ductility of face-centered-cubic high-entropy alloys

Wei, D.*; Wang, L.*; Zhang, Y.*; Gong, W.  ; 都留 智仁  ; Lobzenko, I.  ; Jiang, J.*; Harjo, S.  ; 川崎 卓郎 ; Bae, J. W.*; Lu, W.*; Lu, Z.*; 早坂 祐一郎*; 木口 賢紀*; 岡本 範彦*; 市坪 哲*; Kim, H. S.*; 古原 忠*; Ma, E.*; 加藤 秀実*

Wei, D.*; Wang, L.*; Zhang, Y.*; Gong, W.; Tsuru, Tomohito; Lobzenko, I.; Jiang, J.*; Harjo, S.; Kawasaki, Takuro; Bae, J. W.*; Lu, W.*; Lu, Z.*; Hayasaka, Yuichiro*; Kiguchi, Takanori*; Okamoto, Norihiko*; Ichitsubo, Tetsu*; Kim, H. S.*; Furuhara, Tadashi*; Ma, E.*; Kato, Hidemi*

Recently-developed high-entropy alloys (HEAs) containing multiple principal metallic elements have ex-tended the compositional space of solid solutions and the range of their mechanical properties. Here we show that the realm of possibilities can be further expanded through substituting the constituent metals with metalloids, which are desirable for tailoring strength/ductility because they have chemical interactions and atomic sizes distinctly different from the host metallic elements. Specifically, the metalloid substitution increases local lattice distortion and short-range chemical inhomogeneities to elevate strength, and in the meantime reduces the stacking fault energy to discourage dynamic recovery and encourage defect accumulation via partial-dislocation-mediated activities. These impart potent dislocation storage to improve the strain hardening capability, which is essential for sustaining large tensile elongation. As such, metalloid substitution into HEAs evades the normally expected strength-ductility trade-off, enabling an unusual synergy of high tensile strength and extraordinary ductility for these single-phase solid solutions.

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