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A Design study on a metal fuel fast reactor core for high efficiency minor actinide transmutation by loading silicon carbide composite material

大釜 和也; 原 俊治*; 太田 宏一*; 永沼 正行; 大木 繁夫; 飯塚 政利*

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 59(6), p.735 - 747, 2022/06

A metal fuel fast reactor core for high efficiency minor actinide (MA) transmutation was designed by loading silicon carbide composite material (SiC/SiC) which can improve sodium cooled fast reactor (SFR) core safety characteristics such as sodium void reactivity worth and Doppler coefficient due to neutron moderation. Based on a 750 MWe metal fueled SFR core concept designed in a prior work, the reactor core loading fuel subassemblies with SiC/SiC wrapper tubes and moderator subassemblies was designed. To improve the reactor core safety characteristics efficiently, three layers of SiC/SiC moderator subassemblies were loaded in the core by replacing 108 out of 393 fuel subassemblies with the moderators. The reactor core with approximately 20 wt% MA-containing metal fuel satisfied all safety design criteria and achieved the MA transmutation amount as high as 420 kg/GWe-y which is twice as high as that of the axially heterogeneous core with inner blanket and upper sodium plenum, and two-thirds of that of the accelerator-driven system.


Improvement of neutron diffraction at compact accelerator-driven neutron source RANS using peak profile deconvolution and delayed neutron reduction for stress measurements

岩本 ちひろ*; 高村 正人*; 上野 孝太*; 片岡 美波*; 栗原 諒*; 徐 平光; 大竹 淑恵*

ISIJ International, 62(5), p.1013 - 1022, 2022/05

Neutron diffraction is a powerful non-destructive method for evaluating the microscopic structure and internal stress of metal plates as a bulk average. Precise neutron diffraction measurements with a high intensity neutron beam have already been carried out at large-scale neutron facilities. However, it is not easy to provide users with enough experimental opportunities. We are working on upgrading the neutron diffractometer with techniques of time-of-flight to enable stress measurements at RIKEN accelerator-driven compact neutron source (RANS). To improve neutron diffraction resolution, delayed neutrons, which expand neutron beam pulse width, should be suppressed. However, it is difficult to separate the delayed neutrons experimentally. In this study, a new analysis method has been proposed to deconvolute the diffraction peak from the delayed neutron component. Moreover, a new collimator system, called decoupled collimator system, has been developed to reduce the number of delayed neutrons. The diffraction patterns from a powder sample of pure body-centered cubic iron were measured with the decoupled collimator and the diffraction peak of {211} reflection was analyzed by the new analysis method using a model function of a single exponential decay function convoluted with a Gaussian function. By this method, the decoupled collimator system has been confirmed to achieve a smaller measurement limit of lattice strain $$Delta$$$$varepsilon$$ than a small-aperture polyethylene collimator system and a non-collimator system. The currently available $$Delta$$$$varepsilon$$ was 6.7$$times$$10$$^{-4}$$, this means that the internal stress up to 130 MPa can be well evaluated for steel materials with a Young's modulus of 200 GPa at RANS.


Hyperfine splitting and nuclear spin polarization in NdPd$$_5$$Al$$_2$$ and Nd$$_3$$Pd$$_{20}$$Ge$$_6$$

目時 直人; 柴田 薫; 松浦 直人*; 北澤 英明*; 鈴木 博之*; 山内 宏樹; 萩原 雅人; Frontzek, M. D.*; 松田 雅昌*

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 91(5), p.054710_1 - 054710_6, 2022/05

NdPd$$_5$$Al$$_2$$におけるNdの超微細相互作用分裂を高分解能の中性子非弾性散乱によって研究した。Nd核の核スピン($$I$$=7/2)と、$$|pm9/2rangle$$の軌道が主成分の$$Gamma_6$$基底状態を示す4$$f$$電子との間の超微細相互作用によって、磁気秩序相において生じた超微細相互作用分裂に起因する中性子非弾性散乱ピークを、$$hbaromega$$ = $$pm$$3$$mu$$eVのエネルギーに観察した。低温では、Nd核スピンの低エネルギー状態の占拠確率が増加することによりNd核スピンが偏極し、反強磁性散乱ピーク強度に寄与するが、その際、中性子の非スピン反転過程の寄与が最も大きい。この現象の応用として反強磁性散乱ピーク強度の温度変化から、Nd$$_3$$Pd$$_{20}$$Ge$$_6$$のNd磁気モーメント及び超微細相互作用分裂の大きさを見積もることに成功した。


Magnetism of Al$$_{x}$$Fe$$_{2-x}$$GeO$$_{5}$$ with andalusite structure

柿本 和勇*; 高田 早紀*; 太田 寛人*; 原口 祐哉*; 萩原 雅人; 鳥居 周輝*; 神山 崇*; 三田村 裕幸*; 徳永 将史*; 畠山 温*; et al.

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 91(5), p.054704_1 - 054704_7, 2022/05

The magnetism of Al$$_{x}$$Fe$$_{2-x}$$GeO$$_{5}$$ from $${x = 0.09}$$ to $${0.91}$$ with the andalusite structure was examined. Al$$_{x}$$Fe$$_{2-x}$$GeO$$_{5}$$ at low temperatures was found to show a weak ferromagnet-like behavior for $${x < 0.3}$$ and a spin glass behavior for $${x > 0.3}$$. The small spontaneous magnetization observed in the weak ferromagnet-like samples may be caused by the existence of Dzyaloshinsky-Moriya interaction and the difference in the magnitude of the magnetic moments of Fe$$^{3+}$$ in the octahedral and trigonal bipyramidal sites. The appearance of the spin glass behavior implies that the dilution of Fe ions by Al ions in Al$$_{x}$$Fe$$_{2-x}$$GeO$$_{5}$$ causes the competition between ferromagnetic and antiferromagnetic interactions. The $$x$$ dependence of the site occupancy of Fe ions suggests that Fe$$_{2}$$GeO$$_{5}$$ with the andalusite structure cannot be synthesized.


Sinusoidal magnetic structure of andalusite-type AlxFe$$_{2}$$-xGeO$$_{5}$$ with $$x$$ = 0.09 and 0.15

柿本 和勇*; 太田 寛人*; 原口 祐哉*; 萩原 雅人; 鳥居 周輝*; 神山 崇*; 香取 浩子*

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 91(5), p.054707_1 - 054707_9, 2022/05

Neutron diffraction experiments on polycrystalline andalusite-type Al$$_{2}$$Fe$$_{2-x}$$GeO$$_{5}$$ with $$x = 0.09$$ to $$0.15$$ were performed. The magnetic Bragg peaks with the propagation vector of $$kappa$$$$_{x=0.09}$$ = (0, 0.150(1), 0) for the sample with $${x = 0.09}$$ and $$kappa$$$$_{x=0.15}$$ = (0, 0.141(1), 0) for the sample with $${x = 0.15}$$ were observed, which means that an incommensurate magnetic order was realized for each sample. The calculation of the magnetic structure factors by the Pawley method and the analysis of the irreducible representations revealed that both samples have a magnetic structure in which the magnetic moments rotate in the crystallographic $$ab$$-plane with sinusoidal modulation along the $$b$$-axis. By the Luttinger Tisza method, we determined the sign of the nearest-neighbor exchange interaction consists that reproduce the magnetic structure obtained by the irreducible representation analysis.


Structural phase transition in cobalt oxyfluoride Co$$_{3}$$Sb$$_{4}$$O$$_{6}$$F$$_{6}$$ observed by high-resolution synchrotron and neutron diffraction

下野 聖矢*; 石橋 広記*; 永吉 祐輔*; 池野 豪一*; 河口 彰吾*; 萩原 雅人; 鳥居 周輝*; 神山 崇*; 市橋 克哉*; 西原 禎文*; et al.

Journal of Physics and Chemistry of Solids, 163, p.110568_1 - 110568_7, 2022/04

The structural phase transition from cubic ($$Ibar{4}3m$$) to a $$c > a$$ tetragonal ($$Ibar{4}$$) at $$T_{rm S}$$ $$sim$$ 180 K was found in non-centrosymmetric oxyfluoride Co$$_{3}$$Sb$$_{4}$$O$$_{6}$$F$$_{6}$$ by high-resolution neutron and synchrotron powder diffraction. To investigate this phase transition, specific heat, magnetization, and dielectric measurements were performed. Although the specific heat and dielectric constant showed anomalies at $$T_{rm S}$$, a phase transition to ferroelectricity was not observed in the polarization hysteresis loop down to 30 K. The rotation of the CoO$$_{2}$$F$$_{4}$$ octahedron was observed at $$T_{rm S}$$ from the structural analysis using synchrotron and neutron powder diffraction data. It was found that the magnetic phase transition from paramagnetic to G-type antiferromagnetic occurred at $$T_{rm N}$$ $$sim$$ 67 K, at which a peak was observed in the specific heat measurements, via magnetic structure analysis using neutron powder diffraction data. The magnetic moments of Co$$^{2+}$$ were aligned along the tetragonal $$c$$-axis direction with a Co$$^{2+}$$ moment of 2.80(1) $$mu_{rm B}$$ at 13 K.


A Storm-induced flood and associated nearshore dispersal of the river-derived suspended $$^{137}$$Cs

内山 雄介*; 徳永 夏樹*; 東 晃平*; 上平 雄基; 津旨 大輔*; 岩崎 理樹*; 山田 正俊*; 立田 穣*; 石丸 隆*; 伊藤 友加里*; et al.

Science of the Total Environment, 816, p.151573_1 - 151573_13, 2022/04



Contrasting magnetic structures in SrLaCuSbO$$_{6}$$ and SrLaCuNbO$$_{6}$$; Spin-$$frac{1}{2}$$ quasi-square-lattice $$J_{1}$$-$$J_{2}$$ Heisenberg antiferromagnets

渡邊 正理*; 栗田 伸之*; 田中 秀数*; 植野 航*; 松井 一樹*; 後藤 貴行*; 萩原 雅人

Physical Review B, 105(5), p.054414_1 - 054414_12, 2022/02

We report the magnetic properties of the double perovskites SrLaCuSbO$$_{6}$$ (SLCSO) and SrLaCuNbO$$_{6}$$ (SLCNO). The temperature dependence of the magnetic susceptibilities of both com-pounds shows a broad maximum characteristic of an $$S$$ = 1/2 square lattice Heisenberg antiferromagnet. Magnetic ordering occurs at $$T$$$$_{rm N}$$ = 13.6 and 15.7 K for SLCSO and SLCNO, respectively. Neutron powder diffraction measurements reveal contrasting spin structures in both compounds. The spin structures of SLCSO and SLCNO below $$T$$$$_{rm N}$$ are N$'e$el antiferromagnetic and collinear antiferromagnetic, respectively. This result demonstrates that the nearest-neighbor interaction is dominant in SLCSO, whereas the next-nearest-neighbor interaction is dominant in SLCNO. The magnitude of the ordered moment was evaluated at 3.5 K to be $$m$$ = 0.39(3) $$mu$$$$_{rm B}$$ for SLCSO and 0.29(2) $$mu$$$$_{rm B}$$ for SLCNO, which are significantly smaller than those calculated using linear spin wave theory. We infer that the small ordered moment is caused by the effect of exchange bond randomness arising from the site disorder of Sr and La ions.


Seismic classification of high temperature engineering test reactor

小野 正人; 清水 厚志; 大橋 弘史; 濱本 真平; 猪井 宏幸; 徳原 一実*; 野本 恭信*; 島崎 洋祐; 飯垣 和彦; 篠崎 正幸

Nuclear Engineering and Design, 386, p.111585_1 - 111585_9, 2022/01




光安 優典*; 岡 壽崇; 高橋 温*; 小荒井 一真; 木野 康志*; 奥津 賢一*; 関根 勉*; 山下 琢磨*; 清水 良央*; 千葉 美麗*; et al.

KEK Proceedings 2021-2, p.91 - 96, 2021/12



Phase transition and domain formation in ferroaxial crystals

林田 健志*; 上村 洋平*; 木村 健太*; 松岡 悟志*; 萩原 雅人; 廣瀬 左京*; 盛岡 仁*; 長谷川 達夫*; 木村 剛*

Physical Review Materials (Internet), 5(12), p.124409_1 - 124409_10, 2021/12

The ferroaxial order, which is characterized by a rotational structural distortion in a crystal, has been recently proposed as one of ferroic orders. Though the domain formation is a characteristic feature in ferroic materials, there has been little study done concerning that for the ferroaxial order. Here, we investigate ferroaxial domains that are formed through a ferroaxial transition in two representative ferroaxial materials, NiTiO$$_{3}$$ and RbFe(MoO$$_{4}$$)$$_{2}$$. We spatially resolve their domain structures using an optical method based on electric-field- induced optical rotation, that is, electrogyration (EG). In NiTiO$$_{3}$$, multi-domains are constructed when crystals undergo a ferroaxial transition and the domain size depends on the cooling rate around the transition temperature. Furthermore, the ferroaxial domain structure obtained by the EG measurement is well matched with that by scanning X-ray diffraction (XRD). RbFe(MoO$$_{4}$$)$$_{2}$$ also exhibits multi-domain states in which domain patterns are different each time a crystal undergoes a ferroaxial transition. In addition, the temperature dependence of the EG signal well obeys that of the order parameter of a first-order phase transition. These results ensure the effectiveness of the EG effect to elucidate the nature of ferroaxial order.


Coexistence of magnetoelectric and antiferroelectric-like orders in Mn$$_{3}$$Ta$$_{2}$$O$$_{8}$$

木村 健太*; 八木 直輝*; 長谷川 舜介*; 萩原 雅人; 三宅 厚志*; 徳永 将史*; Cao, H.*; 益田 隆嗣*; 木村 剛*

Inorganic Chemistry, 60(20), p.15078 - 15084, 2021/10

In materials showing a linear magnetoelectric (ME) effect, unconventional functionalities can be anticipated such as electric control of magnetism and nonreciprocal optical responses. Thus, the search of new linear ME materials is of interest in materials science. Here, using a recently proposed design principle of linear ME materials, which is based on the combination of local structural asymmetry and collinear antiferromagnetism, we demonstrate that an anion-deficient fluorite derivative Mn$$_{3}$$Ta$$_{2}$$O$$_{8}$$ is a new linear ME material. This is evidenced by the onset of magnetic-field-induced electric polarization in its collinear antiferromagnetic phase below $$T_{rm N}$$ = 24 K. Furthermore, we also find an antiferroelectric-like phase transition at $$T_{rm S}$$ = 55 K, which is attributable to an off-center displacement of magnetic Mn$$^{2+}$$ ions. The present study shows that Mn$$_{3}$$Ta$$_{2}$$O$$_{8}$$ is a rare material that exhibits both ME and antiferroelectric-like transitions. Thus, Mn$$_{3}$$Ta$$_{2}$$O$$_{8}$$ may provide an opportunity to investigate the physics associated with complicated interactions between magnetic (spin) and electric dipole degrees of freedom.


Assessment of radiation doses to off-site responders in TEPCO Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station Accident

嶋田 和真; 飯島 正史*; 渡邊 正敏*; 高原 省五

Proceedings of Asian Symposium on Risk Assessment and Management 2021 (ASRAM 2021) (Internet), 17 Pages, 2021/10



Microscopic dynamics of lithium diffusion in single crystal of the solid-state electrolyte La$$_{2/3-x}$$Li$$_{3x}$$TiO$$_{3}$$ (x = 0.13) studied by quasielastic neutron scattering

松浦 直人*; 藤原 靖幸*; 森分 博紀*; 尾原 幸治*; 川北 至信

Physical Review B, 104(9), p.094305_1 - 094305_7, 2021/09


Quasielastic neutron scattering (QENS) measurements combined with first principles based molecular dynamics calculations were conducted to study the dynamics of Li$$^{+}$$ ions in a solid-state electrolyte La$$_{2/3-x}$$Li$$_{3x}$$TiO$$_{3}$$ (LLTO) with $$x = 0.13$$. By using a large $$^{7}$$Li-enriched single crystal sample, a QENS signal was clearly observed along the three principal axes [110], [111], and [001] at a temperature ($$T$$) of 600 K. Wave vector dependence of the linewidth of the QENS signal along each direction was explained well using the Chudley-Elliot model for jumps between the A sites of the perovskite lattice through the bottleneck square, which was also supported by molecular dynamics calculations. The estimated self-diffusion coefficient of Li$$^{+}$$ ($$D_{rm Li}$$) in the ab plane was slightly larger than that along the c axis, suggesting quasi-isotropic diffusion, that is, the three-dimensional diffusion of Li$$^{+}$$ ions. The decrease in $$D_{rm Li}$$ with decreasing $$T$$ was reasonably explained by a thermal activation process with the activation energy determined from ionic-conductivity measurements. Furthermore, the estimated values of the self-diffusion coefficient are comparable to those in the sulfide-based Li$$^{+}$$ ion conductor, Li$$_{7}$$P$$_{3}$$S$$_{11}$$, with 10 times larger ionic conductivity, which clarifies how to understand the Li conduction mechanism in LLTO and Li$$_{7}$$P$$_{3}$$S$$_{11}$$ in a unified manner.


Chemical characterization of a volatile dubnium compound, DbOCl$$_3$$

Chiera, N. M.*; 佐藤 哲也; Eichler, R.*; 富塚 知博; 浅井 雅人; 安達 サディア*; Dressler, R.*; 廣瀬 健太郎; 井上 浩樹*; 伊藤 由太; et al.

Angewandte Chemie; International Edition, 60(33), p.17871 - 17874, 2021/08

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:0(Chemistry, Multidisciplinary)

等温ガスクロマトグラフ法を用いて、105番元素ドブニウム(Db)の単一原子を対象として、揮発性オキシ塩化物を合成し、化学的性質を調べた。同一条件下で同族元素ニオブおよびタンタルの揮発性と比較したところ、NbOCl$$_3 > $$ TaOCl$$_3 geq$$ DbOCl$$_3$$の関係が得られた。これはDb分子中の共有結合性が周期表からの予想よりも強くなっているためと考えられる。本成果により、超アクチノイド元素の化学的性質に関する理論計算に対する信頼できる実験データを与えることができた。


A Statistical approach for modeling the effect of hot press conditions on the mechanical strength properties of HTGR fuel elements

相原 純; 黒田 雅利*; 橘 幸男

Proceedings of 28th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering; Nuclear Energy the Future Zero Carbon Power (ICONE 28) (Internet), 9 Pages, 2021/08



Charge-density-wave order and multiple magnetic transitions in divalent europium compound EuAl$$_4$$

金子 耕士; 川崎 卓郎; 仲村 愛*; 宗像 孝司*; 中尾 朗子*; 花島 隆泰*; 鬼柳 亮嗣; 大原 高志; 辺土 正人*; 仲間 隆男*; et al.

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 90(6), p.064704_1 - 064704_6, 2021/06

 被引用回数:2 パーセンタイル:72.06(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Multiple transition phenomena in divalent Eu compound EuAl$$_4$$ with the tetragonal structure were investigated via single crystal time-of-flight neutron Laue technique. At 30 K below a charge-density-wave (CDW) transition, superlattice peaks emerge near nuclear Bragg peaks described by an ordering vector $$q_{rm CDW}$$ = (0 0 $${delta}_c$$). In contrast, magnetic peaks appear at $$q_2 = ({delta}_2 {delta}_2 0)$$ with $${delta}_2$$ = 0.09 below $$T_{N1}$$ = 15.4 K, and moves to $$q_1 = ({delta}_1 0 0)$$ with $${delta}_1$$ = 0.19 below $$T_{N3}$$ =12.2 K, whereas no distinct change in the magnetic Bragg peak was detected at $$T_{N2}$$ and $$T_{N4}$$. The structural modification with $$q_{rm CDW}$$ is characterized by an absence of the superlattice peak in (0 0 $$l$$). Considering an absence of splitting in magnetic peaks along $$l$$, the structural transition is mainly ascribed to a displacement of Al ions within the tetragonal $$ab$$-plane. Complex incommensurate magnetic transitions are in stark contrast to a simple collinear commensurate structure in isovalent EuGa$$_4$$. This could stem from incompatible electronic structures with the CDW transition between two compounds.


Effect of grain boundary on the friction coefficient of pure Fe under the oil lubrication

足立 望*; 松尾 泰貴*; 戸高 義一*; 藤本 幹也*; 日野 正裕*; 光原 昌寿*; 大場 洋次郎; 椎原 良典*; 梅野 宜崇*; 西田 稔*

Tribology International, 155, p.106781_1 - 106781_9, 2021/03

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:0(Engineering, Mechanical)

Recent theoretical researches revealed that grain boundary affects tribological properties through the change in adsorption properties of additives in lubricants. Therefore, the effects of the grain boundary on the tribological properties were investigated by friction test of pure iron films under oil lubrication. We found that a friction coefficient decreases with increasing the fraction of the grain boundary in the lubricants forming chemisorbed film on sample surface. This suggests that the grain boundary enhances the formation of the chemisorbed films and reduces the friction coefficients by protecting the sample surface.


High temperature gas-cooled reactors

武田 哲明*; 稲垣 嘉之; 相原 純; 青木 健; 藤原 佑輔; 深谷 裕司; 後藤 実; Ho, H. Q.; 飯垣 和彦; 今井 良行; et al.

High Temperature Gas-Cooled Reactors; JSME Series in Thermal and Nuclear Power Generation, Vol.5, 464 Pages, 2021/02



Strong lattice anharmonicity exhibited by the high-energy optical phonons in thermoelectric material

Wu, P.*; Fan, F.-R.*; 萩原 雅人*; 古府 麻衣子; Peng, K.*; 石川 喜久*; Lee, S.*; 本田 孝志*; 米村 雅雄*; 池田 一貴*; et al.

New Journal of Physics (Internet), 22(8), p.083083_1 - 083083_9, 2020/08

 被引用回数:2 パーセンタイル:51.78(Physics, Multidisciplinary)


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