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Anomalous behavior of liquid molecules near solid nanoparticles; Novel interpretation on thermal conductivity enhancement in nanofluids

橋本 俊輔*; 山口 聡*; 原田 雅史*; 中島 健次; 菊地 龍弥*; 大石 一城*

Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, 638, p.475 - 486, 2023/05

 被引用回数:1 パーセンタイル:81.01(Chemistry, Physical)



Efficient hydrogen isotope separation by tunneling effect using graphene-based heterogeneous electrocatalysts in electrochemical hydrogen isotope pumping

保田 諭; 松島 永佳*; 原田 健児*; 谷井 理沙子*; 寺澤 知潮; 矢野 雅大; 朝岡 秀人; Gueriba, J. S.*; Di$~n$o, W. A.*; 福谷 克之

ACS Nano, 16(9), p.14362 - 14369, 2022/09

 被引用回数:4 パーセンタイル:71.6(Chemistry, Multidisciplinary)



The Performance of neutron diffractometers at long and short pulse spallation sources; Comparison between ESS and J-PARC

新井 正敏*; Andersen, K. H.*; Argyriou, D. N.*; Schweika, W.*; Zanini, L.*; Harjo, S.; 神山 崇*; 原田 正英

Journal of Neutron Research, 23(4), p.215 - 232, 2021/12

The general performance of diffractometers at the first long pulse spallation source ESS, is compared with their counterparts at J-PARC, a short pulse spallation source. The difference in the inherent pulse structure of these neutron sources presents opportunities for new concepts for instrumentation, where performance does not scale simply with source power. The article describes advantages and disadvantages of those diffractometers, adapting to the very different source characteristics. We find that the two sources offer comparable performance in flux and resolution when operating in high-resolution mode. ESS offers significant advantages in tunability and flexibility, notably in the ability to relax resolution in order to increase flux for a given experiment. On the other hand, J-PARC instruments perform very well in spite of the lower source power and allow better access to epithermal neutrons, of particular interest for PDF analysis of diffraction data.


Measurements of the $$^{243}$$Am neutron capture and total cross sections with ANNRI at J-PARC

木村 敦; 中村 詔司; 寺田 和司*; 中尾 太郎*; 水山 一仁*; 岩本 信之; 岩本 修; 原田 秀郎; 片渕 竜也*; 井頭 政之*; et al.

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 56(6), p.479 - 492, 2019/06

 被引用回数:11 パーセンタイル:84.32(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Neutron total and capture cross sections of $$^{243}$$Am have been measured in Accurate Neutron Nucleus Reaction measurement Instrument at Materials and Life Science Experimental Facility of Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex with a neutron TOF method. The neutron capture cross section in the energy region from 10 meV to 100 eV was determined using an array of Ge detectors. Three samples with different activities were used for measurements of the capture cross section. The neutron total cross section in the energy region from 4 meV to 100 eV was measured using Li-glass detectors. Derived cross-section value at neutron energy of 0.0253 eV is 87.7$$pm$$5.4 b for the capture cross section and 101$$pm$$11 b for the total cross section.


Measurements of neutron total and capture cross sections of $$^{241}$$Am with ANNRI at J-PARC

寺田 和司*; 木村 敦; 中尾 太郎*; 中村 詔司; 水山 一仁*; 岩本 信之; 岩本 修; 原田 秀郎; 片渕 竜也*; 井頭 政之*; et al.

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 55(10), p.1198 - 1211, 2018/10


 被引用回数:16 パーセンタイル:88.02(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Neutron total and capture cross sections of $$^{241}$$Am have been measured with a new data acquisition system and a new neutron transmission measurement system installed in Accurate Neutron Nucleus Reaction measurement Instrument (ANNRI) at Materials and Life Science Experimental Facility (MLF) of Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC). The neutron total cross sections of $$^{241}$$Am were determined by using a neutron time-of-flight method in the neutron energy region from 4 meV to 2 eV. The thermal total cross section of $$^{241}$$Am was derived with an uncertainty of 2.9%. A pulse-height weighting technique was applied to determine neutron capture yields of $$^{241}$$Am. The neutron capture cross sections were determined by the time-of-flight method in the neutron energy region from the thermal to 100 eV, and the thermal capture cross section was obtained with an uncertainty of 4.1%. The evaluation data of JENDL-4.0 and JEFF-3.2 were compared with the present results.


Cavitation damage in double-walled mercury target vessel

直江 崇; 涌井 隆; 木下 秀孝; 粉川 広行; 羽賀 勝洋; 原田 正英; 高田 弘; 二川 正敏

Journal of Nuclear Materials, 506, p.35 - 42, 2018/08


 被引用回数:6 パーセンタイル:54.66(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)



Inverse pole figure mapping of bulk crystalline grains in a polycrystalline steel plate by pulsed neutron Bragg-dip transmission imaging

佐藤 博隆*; 塩田 佳徳*; 諸岡 聡; 戸高 義一*; 足立 望*; 定松 直*; 及川 健一; 原田 正英; Zhang, S.*; Su, Y.; et al.

Journal of Applied Crystallography, 50(6), p.1601 - 1610, 2017/12

 被引用回数:14 パーセンタイル:78.23(Chemistry, Multidisciplinary)

A new mapping procedure for polycrystals using neutron Bragg-dip transmission is presented. This is expected to be useful as a new materials characterization tool which can simultaneously map the crystallographic direction of grains parallel to the incident beam. The method potentially has a higher spatial resolution than neutron diffraction imaging. As a demonstration, a Bragg-dip neutron transmission experiment was conducted at J-PARC on beamline MLF BL10 NOBORU. A large-grained Si-steel plate was used. Since this specimen included multiple grains along the neutron beam transmission path, it was a challenging task for existing methods to analyze the direction of the crystal lattice of each grain. A new data-analysis method for Bragg-dip transmission measurements was developed based on database matching. As a result, the number of grains and their crystallographic direction along the neutron transmission path have been determined.


核データ研究の最前線; たゆまざる真値の追及、そして新たなニーズへ応える為に,2; 共鳴領域における核データ測定と理論解析

木村 敦; 原田 秀郎; 国枝 賢; 片渕 竜也*

日本原子力学会誌ATOMO$$Sigma$$, 59(11), p.654 - 658, 2017/11



Research and development for accuracy improvement of neutron nuclear data on minor actinides

原田 秀郎; 岩本 修; 岩本 信之; 木村 敦; 寺田 和司; 中尾 太郎; 中村 詔司; 水山 一仁; 井頭 政之*; 片渕 竜也*; et al.

EPJ Web of Conferences, 146, p.11001_1 - 11001_6, 2017/09

 被引用回数:2 パーセンタイル:78.94

A nuclear data project entitled Research and development for Accuracy Improvement of neutron nuclear data on Minor ACtinides (AIMAC) is being performed in Japan. The objective of the project is to improve accuracy of neutron nuclear data for minor actinides and some fission products, which is required for developing innovative nuclear system transmuting these nuclei. Following research items have been conducted to achieve the objective: (1) Measurements of thermal neutron capture cross-sections by activation methods, (2) High-precision quantifications of shielded sample amounts used for TOF measurement, (3) Resonance parameter determinations at J-PARC/ANNRI and KURRI/LINAC, (4) Extension of capture cross sections to high energy neutrons at J-PARC/ANNRI, (5) High quality evaluation based on iterative communication with experimenters. The achievement of the project is presented.


High precision analysis of isotopic composition for samples used for nuclear cross-section measurements

芝原 雄司*; 堀 順一*; 高宮 幸一*; 藤井 俊行*; 福谷 哲*; 佐野 忠史*; 原田 秀郎

EPJ Web of Conferences, 146, p.03028_1 - 03028_4, 2017/09

 被引用回数:2 パーセンタイル:78.94

For the accuracy improvement of nuclear data of minor actinides and long-lived fission products in AIMAC project, high quality data of the isotopic composition of samples are indispensable. The objective of this research is to obtain the isotopic composition data of samples contributing to the analysis of nuclear cross-section measurement data by mass spectrometry etc. In this study, we analyzed the isotopic composition of two Am samples ($$^{241}$$ Am sample and $$^{243}$$ Am sample) mainly by the thermal ionization mass spectrometry (TIMS). In addition to the TIMS, Am samples were also analyzed by $$alpha$$-spectrometry. In the analysis by both methods, the impurities such as $$^{239}$$Pu, $$^{240}$$Pu, $$^{242}$$Cm and$$^{244}$$Cm were also observed. The results of these analyses are presented together with the developed high precision analytical method.


Materials and Life Science Experimental Facility at the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex, 1; Pulsed spallation neutron source

高田 弘; 羽賀 勝洋; 勅使河原 誠; 麻生 智一; 明午 伸一郎; 粉川 広行; 直江 崇; 涌井 隆; 大井 元貴; 原田 正英; et al.

Quantum Beam Science (Internet), 1(2), p.8_1 - 8_26, 2017/09



Mitigation technologies for damage induced by pressure waves in high-power mercury spallation neutron sources, 4; Measurement of pressure wave response and microbubble effect on mitigation in mercury target at J-PARC

粉川 広行; 直江 崇; 二川 正敏; 羽賀 勝洋; 涌井 隆; 原田 正英; 高田 弘

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 54(7), p.733 - 741, 2017/07

 被引用回数:10 パーセンタイル:76.97(Nuclear Science & Technology)

J-PARCの核破砕中性子源では、中性性ビームを生成するために水銀ターゲットシステムを運転している。水銀ターゲットでは、大強度のパルス陽子ビームが入射することによって水銀の急激な発熱により圧力波が発生する。圧力波によって、水銀を内包するターゲット容器に繰返し応力だけでなくキャビテーション損傷を引き起す。圧力波を低減することは、ターゲット容器の寿命を保つ上で非常に重要な課題である。我々は、微小気泡を水銀中に注入し、圧力波を低減する技術の開発を行っており、今回、微小気泡発生器を水銀ターゲット容器に実装し、圧力波により励起されるターゲット容器の変位速度をその場診断装置で測定し、陽子ビーム条件や微小気泡の効果を調査した。その結果、ターゲット容器の変位速度は微小気泡により減少し、変位速度のピーク値は、気泡の注入量が0.4%, 0.1%の場合、気泡を注入しない場合に比べて各々1/3, 2/3に低減することを明らかにした。


Simultaneous measurement of neutron-induced fission and capture cross sections for $$^{241}$$Am at neutron energies below fission threshold

廣瀬 健太郎; 西尾 勝久; 牧井 宏之; 西中 一朗*; 太田 周也*; 永山 達郎*; 田村 信行*; 後藤 真一*; Andreyev, A. N.; Vermeulen, M. J.; et al.

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 856, p.133 - 138, 2017/06

 被引用回数:3 パーセンタイル:38.41(Instruments & Instrumentation)

Fission and capture reactions were simultaneously measured in the neutron-induced reactions of $$^{241}$$Am at J-PARC. Data were taken with the TOF method in $$E_n$$ = 0.1$$sim$$20 eV. The fission events were observed by detecting prompt fission neutrons using liquid organic scintillators. The capture reaction was measured by detecting $$gamma$$ rays from the compound nuclei using the same detectors, where the prompt fission neutrons and capture $$gamma$$ rays were separated by a pulse shape analysis. The cross sections were obtained by normalizing the relative yields at the first resonance to evaluations or other experimental data. The ratio of the fission to capture cross sections at each resonance is compared with those from an evaluated nuclear data library and other experimental data. Some differences were found between the present values and the library/literature values at several resonances.


Neutron flux spectrum revealed by Nb-based current-biased kinetic inductance detector with a $$^{10}$$B conversion layer

宮嶋 茂之*; 宍戸 寛明*; 鳴神 吉人*; 吉岡 直人*; 藤巻 朗*; 日高 睦夫*; 及川 健一; 原田 正英; 奥 隆之; 新井 正敏*; et al.

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 842, p.71 - 75, 2017/01

 被引用回数:13 パーセンタイル:79.54(Instruments & Instrumentation)

We successfully derived the time-dependent flux of pulsed neutrons using a superconducting Nb-based current biased kinetic inductance detector (CB-KID) with a $$^{10}$$B conversion layer at Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex. Our CB-KID is a meander line made of a 40-nm-thick Nb thin film with 1-$$mu$$m line width, which is covered with a 150-nm-thick $$^{10}$$B conversion layer. The detector works at a temperature below 4 K. The evaluated detection efficiency of the CB-KID in this experiment is 0.23% at the neutron energy of 25.4 meV. The time-dependent flux spectra of pulsed neutrons thus obtained are in good agreement with the results obtained by the Monte Carlo simulations.


Measurement of the isomer production ratio for the $$^{112}$$Cd($$n,gamma$$)$$^{113}$$Cd reaction using neutron beams at J-PARC

早川 岳人*; 藤 暢輔; Huang, M.; 静間 俊行*; 木村 敦; 中村 詔司; 原田 秀郎; 岩本 信之; 千葉 敏*; 梶野 敏貴*

Physical Review C, 94(5), p.055803_1 - 055803_6, 2016/11

 被引用回数:4 パーセンタイル:34.27(Physics, Nuclear)

The astrophysical origin of a rare isotope $$^{115}$$Sn has remained still an open question. An isomer ($$T_{1/2}$$=14.1 y) in $$^{113}$$Cd is an s-process branching point from which a nucleosynthesis flow reaches to $$^{115}$$Sn. The $$s$$-process abundance of $$^{115}$$Sn depends on the isomer production ratio in the $$^{112}$$Cd($$n,gamma$$)$$^{113}$$Cd reaction. However, the ratio has not been measured in an energy region higher than the thermal energy. We have measured $$gamma$$ rays following neutron capture reactions on $$^{112}$$Cd using two cluster HPGe detectors in conjunction with a time-of-flight method at J-PARC. We have obtained the result that the relative $$gamma$$-ray intensity ratio of the isomer is almost constant in an energy region of up to 5 keV. This result suggests that the $$s$$-process contribution to the solar abundance of $$^{115}$$Sn is negligibly small. We have found that the ratio of a resonance at 737 eV shows about 1.5 times higher than other ratios. This enhancement can be explained by a $$p$$-wave neutron capture. This result suggests measurements of decay $$gamma$$ rays to isomers are effective to assign the spin and parity for neutron capture resonances.


中性子共鳴濃度分析法の性能評価,2; 中性子共鳴捕獲$$gamma$$線分析法

土屋 晴文; 原田 秀郎; 小泉 光生; 北谷 文人; 呉田 昌俊; Becker, B.*; Kopecky, S.*; Heyse, J.*; Paradela, C.*; Mondelaers, W.*; et al.

核物質管理学会(INMM)日本支部第36回年次大会論文集(インターネット), 9 Pages, 2015/12

粒子状の溶融燃料デブリに含まれるウランやプルトニウム同位体を非破壊で定量することを目的に、中性子共鳴濃度分析法(NRD)の技術開発を進めてきた。NRDは、中性子共鳴透過分析法(NRTA)に中性子共鳴捕獲$$gamma$$線分析法(NRCA)、あるいは即発$$gamma$$線分析法(PGA)を組み合わせた技術である。NRDにおけるNRCA/PGAの役割は、主に$$^{137}$$Csによる高放射線場においてデブリ中の原子炉や建屋の構造材、ボロンなどの不純物を同定することである。これを実現するため、LaBr$$_3$$結晶を用いた新型の$$gamma$$線検出器やそれ専用の遮蔽体を開発した。これらの$$gamma$$線検出器や遮蔽体を用いて、ベルギーの中性子飛行時間施設GELINAにおいて公開デモ実験を実施した結果、第三者によってブラックボックス内に密封された試料(Hf, Gd, Ni)を同定することに成功した。本発表では、開発した$$gamma$$線検出器の設計概念と測定原理、及びNRCAデモ実験結果について報告する。


中性子共鳴濃度分析法の性能評価,1; 中性子共鳴透過分析法

北谷 文人; 原田 秀郎; 小泉 光生; 土屋 晴文; 呉田 昌俊; Becker, B.*; Kopecky, S.*; Heyse, J.*; Paradela, C.*; Mondelaers, W.*; et al.

核物質管理学会(INMM)日本支部第36回年次大会論文集(インターネット), 9 Pages, 2015/12

平成24年度から平成26年度にかけて、粒子状の溶融燃料デブリに含まれるウランやプルトニウム同位体を非破壊で定量する技術として、中性子共鳴濃度分析法(NRD)の開発を進めてきた。NRDは、中性子共鳴透過分析法(NRTA)と中性子共鳴捕獲$$gamma$$線分析法(NRCA)あるいは即発$$gamma$$線分析法(PGA)を組み合わせた技術である。NRDにおけるNRTAの役割は、溶融燃料デブリ中の核燃料物質(U, Pu等)の同位体を定量することである。この目的のために飛行時間法(Time of Flight: TOF)を利用した中性子吸収測定を実施する。これについて。ベルギーの中性子飛行時間施設GELINAにて性能評価デモ実験を実施した。その結果、Au, W, Rh, Nb, Cu. Co, Mn, Bをランダムに選択して、封をされたブラックボックス内の試料を定量することに成功した。本発表では、開発したNRTAの測定原理を述べ、実施したデモ実験の詳細を発表する。


Microstructure and residual strain distribution in cast duplex stainless steel studied by neutron imaging

Su, Y.; 及川 健一; 川崎 卓郎; 甲斐 哲也; 塩田 佳徳*; 佐藤 博隆*; 篠原 武尚; 友田 陽*; 原田 正英; 鬼柳 亮嗣; et al.

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 8, p.031015_1 - 031015_5, 2015/09



Background caused by continuously emitted high-energy neutrons at the chopper spectrometer 4SEASONS

梶本 亮一; 中村 充孝; 稲村 泰弘; 蒲沢 和也*; 池内 和彦*; 飯田 一樹*; 石角 元志*; 中島 健次; 原田 正英; 新井 正敏

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 8, p.036001_1 - 036001_6, 2015/09

The background that appears in spectra acquired by the chopper spectrometer 4SEASONS at J-PARC was investigated. A continuous background that oscillates in synch with the rotation of the Fermi chopper was observed even when neutrons should be suppressed. The characteristics of the background strongly suggest that high-energy delayed neutrons continuously emitted from the mercury target are its cause.


Development status of the NMR system for the polarized $$^{3}$$He Neutron Spin Filter (NSF) in the MLF at J-PARC

酒井 健二; 奥 隆之; 林田 洋寿*; 吉良 弘*; 廣井 孝介; 猪野 隆*; 大山 研司*; 大河原 学*; 加倉井 和久; 篠原 武尚; et al.

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 8, p.036015_1 - 036015_6, 2015/09

$$^{3}$$Heの中性子吸収断面積が強いスピン選択性を有することを利用した偏極$$^{3}$$Heフィルターは、ビーム調整が不要なため、ビームラインに設置すれば直ぐに使える簡便な中性子スピンフィルター(NSF)として利用できる。そのようなNSF実現のためには、NSFの$$^{3}$$He偏極度${it P}$を定常的にモニタするための核磁気共鳴(NMR)システムの開発が不可欠である。我々は断熱高速通過型(AFP)とパルス型NMRの特徴が相補的であることに着目して2つのシステムを併用した汎用性の高いNMRシステムを開発した。更に、J-PARCの中性子実験装置(BL10)での中性子透過率測定から得られた${it P}$で校正しながら、温度、パルスNMRの振動磁場の大きさや印可時間などの測定条件を変えて、AFPとパルスNMRの信号間の相関を測定した。例えば、パルスNMR測定に起因する減偏極率を0.1%以下になるまでパルスNMRの検出感度を小さくしても、2つのNMR信号間の線形性は確認できた。これらの結果から、我々は開発したNMRシステムが$$^{3}$$He偏極度モニタとして十分機能することを確認した。

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