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JAEA Reports

Inspection of radioactive waste packages stored in the Waste Storage Facility L; Planning and trial operation

Kawahara, Takahiro; Suda, Shoya; Fujikura, Toshiki; Masai, Seita; Omori, Kanako; Mori, Masakazu; Kurosawa, Tsuyoshi; Ishihara, Keisuke; Hoshi, Akiko; Yokobori, Tomohiko

JAEA-Technology 2023-020, 36 Pages, 2023/12


We have been storing drums containing radioactive waste (radioactive waste packages) at waste storage facilities. We have been managing radioactive waste packages along traditional safety regulations. However, over 40 years has passed from a part of them were brought in pit-type waste storage facility L. Most of them are carbon steel 200 L drums, and surface of them are corroded. For better safety management, we started to take drums out from the pit and inspect them in FY 2019. After each inspection, we repair them or remove the contents of the drum and refill new drums if necessary. In this report, we will introduce the planning, the review of the plan, and the trial operation of this project.

Journal Articles

High temperature gas-cooled reactors

Takeda, Tetsuaki*; Inagaki, Yoshiyuki; Aihara, Jun; Aoki, Takeshi; Fujiwara, Yusuke; Fukaya, Yuji; Goto, Minoru; Ho, H. Q.; Iigaki, Kazuhiko; Imai, Yoshiyuki; et al.

High Temperature Gas-Cooled Reactors; JSME Series in Thermal and Nuclear Power Generation, Vol.5, 464 Pages, 2021/02

As a general overview of the research and development of a High Temperature Gas-cooled Reactor (HTGR) in JAEA, this book describes the achievements by the High Temperature Engineering Test Reactor (HTTR) on the designs, key component technologies such as fuel, reactor internals, high temperature components, etc., and operational experience such as rise-to-power tests, high temperature operation at 950$$^{circ}$$C, safety demonstration tests, etc. In addition, based on the knowledge of the HTTR, the development of designs and component technologies such as high performance fuel, helium gas turbine and hydrogen production by IS process for commercial HTGRs are described. These results are very useful for the future development of HTGRs. This book is published as one of a series of technical books on fossil fuel and nuclear energy systems by the Power Energy Systems Division of the Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers.

Journal Articles

Quantum paramagnet near spin-state transition

Tomiyasu, Keisuke*; Ito, Naoko*; Okazaki, Ryuji*; Takahashi, Yuki*; Onodera, Mitsugi*; Iwasa, Kazuaki*; Nojima, Tsutomu*; Aoyama, Takuya*; Ogushi, Kenya*; Ishikawa, Yoshihisa*; et al.

Advanced Quantum Technologies (Internet), 1(3), p.1800057_1 - 1800057_7, 2018/12

Spin-state transition, also known as spin crossover, plays a key role in diverse systems. In theory, the boundary range between the low- and high-spin states is expected to enrich the transition and give rise to unusual physical states. However, no compound that realizes a nearly degenerate critical range as the ground state without requiring special external conditions has yet been experimentally identified. This study reports that the Sc substitution in LaCoO3 destabilizes its nonmagnetic low-spin state and generates an anomalous paramagnetic state accompanied by the enhancement of transport gap and magneto-lattice-expansion as well as the contraction of Co-O distance with the increase of electron site transfer. These phenomena are not well described by the mixture of conventional low- and high-spin states, but by their quantum superposition occurring on the verge of a spin-state transition.

JAEA Reports

Rearrangement works of unbalanced waste packages by influence of the Great East Japan Earthquake

Ishihara, Keisuke; Kanazawa, Shingo; Kozawa, Masachiyo; Mori, Masakazu; Kawahara, Takahiro

JAEA-Technology 2017-002, 27 Pages, 2017/03


At radioactive waste management facilities in the Nuclear Science Research Institute, solid radioactive wastes are stored by using containers such as 200L drums and pallets to tier containers in 2 to 4 stacks in the height direction in waste storage facilities (Waste Storage Facility No.1, Waste Storage Facility No.2 and Waste Size Reduction and Storage Facility). On March 11, 2011, the Great East Japan Earthquake was happened, and some waste packages dropped from their pallets and large number of waste packages moved from their original position and inclined due to the influence of the earthquake in the waste storage facilities. There was no experience of rearrangement works to set those dropped and unbalanced waste packages in their original position and it was necessary to prepare detailed work procedures and progress for this task to prevent the occurrence of industrial accidents. Therefore, we prepared detailed work manual and repeatedly carried out mock-up test. And then, we started rearrangement work from April 2011 after confirmation of workers skill and adequacy of the work manual. Finally, all rearrangement works for stored waste packages took about four and half years and were completed in September 2015 without any accident and shutdown of storage function. This report summarizes the countermeasures to reduce exposure doses of workers and to prevent the occurrence of industrial accidents during the rearrangement works.

JAEA Reports

Pretreatment works for disposal of radioactive wastes produced by research activities, 1

Ishihara, Keisuke; Yokota, Akira; Kanazawa, Shingo; Iketani, Shotaro; Sudo, Tomoyuki; Myodo, Masato; Irie, Hirobumi; Kato, Mitsugu; Iseda, Hirokatsu; Kishimoto, Katsumi; et al.

JAEA-Technology 2016-024, 108 Pages, 2016/12


Radioactive isotope, nuclear fuel material and radiation generators are utilized in research institutes, universities, hospitals, private enterprises, etc. As a result, various low-level radioactive wastes (hereinafter referred to as non-nuclear radioactive wastes) are produced. Disposal site for non-nuclear radioactive wastes have not been settled yet and those wastes are stored in storage facilities of each operator for a long period. The Advanced Volume Reduction Facilities (AVRF) are built to produce waste packages so that they satisfy requirements for shallow underground disposal. In the AVRF, low-level beta-gamma solid radioactive wastes produced in the Nuclear Science Research Institute are mainly treated. To produce waste packages meeting requirements for disposal safely and efficiently, it is necessary to cut large radioactive wastes into pieces of suitable size and segregate those depending on their types of material. This report summarizes activities of pretreatment to dispose of non-nuclear radioactive wastes in the AVRF.

Journal Articles

Estimation of the cesium concentration in spent zeolite vessels

Morita, Keisuke; Yamagishi, Isao; Nishihara, Kenji; Tsubata, Yasuhiro

Proceedings of 2014 Nuclear Plant Chemistry Conference (NPC 2014) (USB Flash Drive), 11 Pages, 2014/10

Journal Articles

Characterization and storage of radioactive zeolite waste

Yamagishi, Isao; Nagaishi, Ryuji; Kato, Chiaki; Morita, Keisuke; Terada, Atsuhiko; Kamiji, Yu; Hino, Ryutaro; Sato, Hiroyuki; Nishihara, Kenji; Tsubata, Yasuhiro; et al.

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 51(7-8), p.1044 - 1053, 2014/07

 Times Cited Count:16 Percentile:77.12(Nuclear Science & Technology)

For safe storage of zeolite wastes generated by treatment of radioactive saline water at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station, properties of the Herschelite adsorbent were studied and its adsorption vessel was evaluated for hydrogen production and corrosion. Hydrogen production depends on its water level and dissolved species because hydrogen is oxidized by radicals in water. It is possible to evaluate hydrogen production rate in Herschelite submerged in seawater or pure water by taking into account of the depth effect of the water. The reference vessel of decay heat 504 W with or without residual pure water was evaluated for the hydrogen concentration by thermal hydraulic analysis using obtained fundamental properties. Maximum hydrogen concentration was below the lower explosive limit (4 %). The steady-state corrosion potential of a stainless steel 316L increased with absorbed dose rate but its increase was repressed by the presence of Herschelite. At 750 Gy/h and $$<$$60$$^{circ}$$C which were values evaluated at the bottom of the vessel of 504 W, the localized corrosion of SUS316L contacted with Herschelite would not immediately occur under 20,000 ppm of Cl$$^{-}$$ concentration.

Journal Articles

Fast neutron detection under intense $$gamma$$-ray fields with novel nuclear emulsion technique

Ishihara, Kohei*; Takagi, Keisuke*; Minato, Haruna*; Kawarabayashi, Jun*; Tomita, Hideki*; Maeda, Shigetaka; Naka, Tatsuhiro*; Morishima, Kunihiro*; Nakano, Toshiyuki*; Nakamura, Mitsuhiro*; et al.

Radiation Measurements, 55, p.79 - 82, 2013/08

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:10.81(Nuclear Science & Technology)

In order to measure the neutron under a condition of high intensity of $$gamma$$-ray background, we made new nuclear emulsion based on non-sensitized OPERA emulsion which had small AgBr grain size (AgBr grain size of 60, 90 and 160 nm). The sensitivity of this new emulsion, which was a correlation between stopping power and grain density, was estimated experimentally by irradiating neutrons with several energies. We also simulated the response to $$gamma$$-ray induced electrons and compared with some experimental results by using $$^{60}$$Co $$gamma$$ source. The results showed that there might be a threshold energy deposited in one AgBr grain under which it was impossible to develop. We estimated efficiency to the $$gamma$$-ray and the neutron with this obtained response of the new emulsion.

Journal Articles

Safe storage of zeolite adsorbents used for treatment of accident-generated water at Fukushima Daiichi Power Station

Yamagishi, Isao; Nagaishi, Ryuji; Terada, Atsuhiko; Kamiji, Yu; Kato, Chiaki; Morita, Keisuke; Nishihara, Kenji; Tsubata, Yasuhiro; Ji, W.*; Fukushima, Hisashi*; et al.

IAEA-CN-211 (Internet), 5 Pages, 2013/01

Since the accident at Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station, a large amount of radioactive contaminated water has been generated to cool damaged reactor cores. Adsorption of cesium with zeolite-like media was employed for treatment of this contaminated saline water. As spent zeolite media are highly radioactive, their safe storage is a pressing issue. Japan Atomic Energy Agency has extensively conducted R&D on the management of secondary wastes produced by the operation of the treatment system. Subjects on the safe storage of spent zeolites include the analysis of their characteristics and the evaluation of effectiveness of the present safety measures in consideration of decay heat emission and hydrogen generation by water radiolysis as well as durability of vessels exposed to saline. Preliminary results obtained are described in the present paper.

Journal Articles

Construction of a newly designed small-size mass spectrometer for helium isotope analysis; Toward the continuous monitoring of $$^{3}$$He/$$^{4}$$He ratios in natural fluids

Bajo, Kenichi*; Sumino, Hirochika*; Toyoda, Michisato*; Okazaki, Ryuji*; Osawa, Takahito; Ishihara, Morio*; Katakuse, Itsuo*; Notsu, Kenji*; Igarashi, Joji*; Nagao, Keisuke*

Mass Spectrometry (Internet), 1(2), p.A0009_1 - A0009_10, 2012/11

The construction of a small-size, magnetic sector, single focusing mass spectrometer (He-MS) for the continuous, on-site monitoring of the He isotope ratio ($$^{3}$$He/$$^{4}$$He) is described. The instrument is capable of measuring $$^{4}$$He/$$^{20}$$Ne ratios dissolved in several different types of natural fluids of geochemical interest, such as groundwater and gas from hot springs, volcanoes and gas well fields. Ion optics of the He-MS was designed by using the ion trajectory simulation program TRIO so as to measure $$^{3}$$He and $$^{4}$$He simultaneously with a double collector system under mass resolution power of $$>$$ 500. Presently attained specifications of the He-MS are; (1) mass resolving power of ca. 490, enough to separate $$^{3}$$He$$^{+}$$ from interfering ions, HD$$^{+}$$ and H$$_{3}$$$$^{+}$$, (2) ultra-high vacuum condition, and (3) high sensitivity enough to detect $$^{3}$$He amount 3000000 atoms).

Journal Articles

Development of neutron measurement in intense $$gamma$$ field using new type of nuclear emulsion

Kawarabayashi, Jun*; Ishihara, Kohei*; Takagi, Keisuke*; Tomita, Hideki*; Iguchi, Tetsuo*; Naka, Tatsuhiro*; Morishima, Kunihiro*; Maeda, Shigetaka

Journal of ASTM International (Internet), 9(3), 5 Pages, 2012/03

In order to measure the neutron from a spent fuel assembly in fast breeder reactor precisely, we made new nuclear emulsion based on non-sensitized OPERA film with AgBr grain size of 60, 90 and 160 nm. The efficiency for $$^{252}$$Cf neutron of the new emulsion was calculated to be 0.7$$times$$10$$^{-4}$$ which energy ranged from 0.3 to 2 MeV that agrees with preliminary estimated value from experimental results. The sensitivity of the new emulsion was also estimated experimentally by irradiating 565 KeV and 14 MeV neutrons and found that the emulsion with the AgBr grain size of 60 nm showed the lowest sensitivity among these three emulsions but still had enough sensitivity for proton. Also, there was a suggestion from the experimental data that there was a threshold LET of 15 KeV/$$mu$$m for our new emulsion below which no silver cluster was developed. Further development of the response of nuclear emulsion with a few tens of nano-meter AgBr size is next step of this study.

JAEA Reports

Improvement for the stable operation in the super compactor

Sudo, Tomoyuki; Mimura, Ryuji; Ishihara, Keisuke; Satomi, Shinichi; Myodo, Masato; Momma, Toshiyuki; Kozawa, Kazushige

JAEA-Technology 2011-015, 24 Pages, 2011/06


The super compactor in the Advanced Volume Reduction Facilities (AVRF) treats metal wastes mainly generated from research reactors in the Nuclear Science Research Institute of JAEA. Those wastes are compacted from one third to one fourth with maximum 2,000-ton force. In the trial operation using simulated wastes, some technical problems were found to be improve for the stable operation. One problem is the motion mechanism for carrying wastes before and after compaction. The other problem is the mechanism for treating the irregular supercompacted products. In this report, we describe the detail and the result of improvement on those problems for the stable operation in the super compactor.

JAEA Reports

Evaluation of void ratio of the solidified wastes containing supercompacted wastes

Sudo, Tomoyuki; Nakashio, Nobuyuki; Osugi, Takeshi; Mimura, Ryuji; Ishihara, Keisuke; Satomi, Shinichi; Myodo, Masato; Momma, Toshiyuki; Kozawa, Kazushige

JAEA-Technology 2010-041, 38 Pages, 2011/01


The super compactor in the AVRF treats compactible metal wastes mainly generated from research reactors in the Nuclear Science Research Institute of JAEA. Those wastes are compacted with the maximum about 2,000-ton force. The supercompacted wastes are packed into the container and then immobilized with cementitious materials. The solidified wastes (containing supercompacted wastes) become an object for near surface disposal with artificial barrier. For disposal, the solidified wastes must be satisfied the technical criteria. One of the important indicators is the void ratio in the solidified wastes. In this report, we manufactured the supercompacted wastes with the ordinary treatment method for actual wastes treated in the AVRF and immobilized with a mortar grout. The void ratio of the solidified wastes were evaluated in consideration for concrete vault disposal. As a result, We confirmed the integrity of the solidified wastes from a point of view of void ratio.

JAEA Reports

Construction, management and operation on advanced volume reduction facilities

Higuchi, Hidekazu; Osugi, Takeshi; Nakashio, Nobuyuki; Momma, Toshiyuki; Tohei, Toshio; Ishikawa, Joji; Iseda, Hirokatsu; Mitsuda, Motoyuki; Ishihara, Keisuke; Sudo, Tomoyuki; et al.

JAEA-Technology 2007-038, 189 Pages, 2007/07


The Advanced Volume Reduction Facilities (AVRF) is constructed to manufacture the waste packages of radioactive waste for disposal in the Nuclear Science Research Institute of the Japan Atomic Energy Agency. The AVRF is constituted from two facilities. The one is the Waste Size Reduction and Storage Facility (WSRSF) which is for reducing waste size, sorting into each material and storing the waste package. The other is the Waste Volume Reduction Facility (WVRF) which is for manufacturing the waste package by volume reducing treatment and stabilizing treatment. WVRF has an induction melting furnace, a plasma melting furnace, an incinerator, and a super compactor for treatment. In this report, we summarized about the basic concept of constructing AVRF, the constitution of facilities, the specifications of machineries and the state of trial operation until March of 2006.

Journal Articles

Opacity effect on extreme ultraviolet radiation from laser-produced tin plasmas

Fujioka, Shinsuke*; Nishimura, Hiroaki*; Nishihara, Katsunobu*; Sasaki, Akira; Sunahara, Atsushi*; Okuno, Tomoharu*; Ueda, Nobuyoshi*; Ando, Tsuyoshi*; Tao, Y.*; Shimada, Yoshinori*; et al.

Physical Review Letters, 95(23), p.235004_1 - 235004_4, 2005/12

 Times Cited Count:144 Percentile:95.56(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Characterization of extreme ultraviolet emission from laser-produced spherical tin plasma generated with multiple laser beams

Shimada, Yoshinori*; Nishimura, Hiroaki*; Nakai, Mitsuo*; Hashimoto, Kazuhisa*; Yamaura, Michiteru*; Tao, Y.*; Shigemori, Keisuke*; Okuno, Tomoharu*; Nishihara, Katsunobu*; Kawamura, Toru*; et al.

Applied Physics Letters, 86(5), p.051501_1 - 051501_3, 2005/01

 Times Cited Count:111 Percentile:94.22(Physics, Applied)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Spatial coherence measurement of the 13.9nm Ni-like Ag soft X-ray laser pumped by a 1.5ps, 20J laser

Tang, H.; Daido, Hiroyuki; Kishimoto, Maki; Sukegawa, Kota*; Tai, R.; Mesesson, S.*; Tanaka, Momoko; Lu, P.; Kawachi, Tetsuya; Nagashima, Keisuke; et al.

Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, 42(2A), p.443 - 448, 2003/02

 Times Cited Count:14 Percentile:50.45(Physics, Applied)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Numerical Validation of the Theory of Coupled Reactors for the Heavy Water Critical Assembly DCA

Nishihara, Kenji*; Kobayashi, Keisuke*; Otani, Nobuo

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 36(3), p.265 - 272, 1999/00

Oral presentation

Sensitivity control of nuclear emulsion using AgBr nano-grains

Ishihara, Kohei*; Takagi, Keisuke*; Kawarabayashi, Jun*; Tomita, Hideki*; Naka, Tatsuhiro*; Asada, Takashi*; Morishima, Kunihiro*; Nakamura, Mitsuhiro*; Kuge, Kenichi*; Maeda, Shigetaka; et al.

no journal, , 

The nuclear emulsion with AgBr nano-grains has been developed for neutron detection under high $$gamma$$-ray background. It has been demonstrated that the detection sensitivity of $$gamma$$-rays can be well suppressed compared to that of neutrons by adjusting the size of AgBr nano-grains to deposit the energy of the secondary electrons produced by $$gamma$$-rays below a certain threshold which can create Ag latent images.

Oral presentation

Development of neutron spectrum measurement in high $$gamma$$ field using new nuclear emulsion, 1; Overview

Kawarabayashi, Jun*; Maeda, Shigetaka; Takagi, Keisuke*; Ishihara, Kohei*; Tomita, Hideki*; Morishima, Kunihiro*; Iguchi, Tetsuo*

no journal, , 

The nuclear plate has an advantage which is a feeling of an owner as outstanding spatial resolution or a multi-radiation species, though measurement is simple at power supply needlessness. By controlling the diameter of AgBr crystalline particles in a film plate by this research, the film plate composition to which $$gamma$$ ray sensitivity was reduced was tried, and it developed aiming at the neutron precision measurement under the high $$gamma$$ ray background represented on the spent-nuclear-fuel surface etc.

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