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オールジャパンでとりくむ地層処分のいま,6; 処分場閉鎖後の安全評価(その2)

舘 幸男; 斉藤 拓巳*; 桐島 陽*

日本原子力学会誌ATOMO$$Sigma$$, 64(5), p.290 - 295, 2022/05



Mn L$$_{2,3}$$-edge EXAFS and magnetic EXAFS studies on the halfmetallic ferromagnet Co$$_{2}$$MnSi

向後 純也*; 藤原 秀紀*; 関山 明*; 斎藤 祐児; 梅津 理恵*; 二木 かおり*

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 91(3), p.034702_1 - 034702_12, 2022/03

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:0(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

We report magnetic circular dichroism in extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) in a prototypical halfmetallic ferromagnet, Co$$_{2}$$MnSi. The EXAFS oscillations at the Mn L$$_{2,3}$$ edges are analyzed to obtain parameters used in the analysis of the magnetic EXAFS (MEXAFS). Theoretical calculations of MEXAFS spectra in Co$$_{2}$$MnSi show that the linear-path scatterings have larger contributions than the multiple triangular-path scatterings. Furthermore, the period of the oscillations in the MEXAFS spectra is shorter than that in the EXAFS spectra indicating that the far site contributions from the second to the fourth nearest neighbor Co and the third nearest Si atoms can strongly influence the MEXAFS oscillations, while the Mn atoms, despite the large magnetic moment, can have little contributions due to the interference of the spin components.


東海再処理施設周辺の環境放射線モニタリング結果; 2020年度

中田 陽; 中野 政尚; 金井 克太; 瀬谷 夏美; 西村 周作; 根本 正史; 飛田 慶司; 二川 和郎; 山田 椋平; 内山 怜; et al.

JAEA-Review 2021-062, 163 Pages, 2022/02


核燃料サイクル工学研究所では、「日本原子力研究開発機構核燃料サイクル工学研究所再処理施設保安規定、第IV 編環境監視」に基づき、再処理施設周辺の環境放射線モニタリングを実施している。本報告書は、2020年4月から2021年3月までの間に実施した環境放射線モニタリングの結果、及び大気、海洋への放射性物質の放出に起因する周辺公衆の線量算出結果について、取りまとめたものである。なお、上記の環境放射線モニタリングの結果において、2011年3月に発生した東京電力株式会社(2016年4月1日付けで東京電力ホールディングス株式会社に変更)福島第一原子力発電所事故で放出された放射性物質の影響が多くの項目でみられた。また、環境監視計画の概要、測定方法の概要、測定結果及びその経時変化、気象統計結果、放射性廃棄物の放出状況、平常の変動幅の上限値を超過した値の評価について付録として収録した。


Optical selection rules of the magnetic excitation in the $$S$$ = $$frac{1}{2}$$ one-dimensional Ising-like antiferromagnet BaCo$$_{2}$$V$$_{2}$$O$$_{8}$$

木村 尚次郎*; 大西 弘明; 奥谷 顕*; 赤木 暢*; 鳴海 康雄*; 萩原 政幸*; 奥西 巧一*; 金道 浩一*; He, Z.*; 谷山 智康*; et al.

Physical Review B, 105(1), p.014417_1 - 014417_9, 2022/01

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:0(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

In this study, we clarify the selection rules of optical transitions from the ground state to the magnetic excited states in the quasi-one-dimensional quantum Ising-like antiferromagnet BaCo$$_{2}$$V$$_{2}$$O$$_{8}$$ with spin $$S$$ = $$frac{1}{2}$$ using the high-field electron spin resonance measurement with illuminating polarized electromagnetic waves. We demonstrate that the unconventional magnetic excitation via the pair creation of quasipaticles at wave numbers $$q_{z}=pi/2$$ and $$pi$$ in the field-induced quantum critical state can couple with both oscillating magnetic and electric fields. Our density matrix renormalization group calculations indicate that the observed selection rules can be explained by two- and four-fold periodical spin interactions, originating from the screw chain structure in BaCo$$_{2}$$V$$_{2}$$O$$_{8}$$, in addition to the magnetoelectric coupling between spins and electric dipoles.


Detecting halfmetallic electronic structures of spintronic materials in a magnetic field

藤原 秀紀*; 梅津 理恵*; 黒田 文彬*; 宮脇 淳*; 樫内 利幸*; 西本 幸平*; 永井 浩大*; 関山 明*; 入澤 明典*; 竹田 幸治; et al.

Scientific Reports (Internet), 11(1), p.18654_1 - 18654_9, 2021/09

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:0(Multidisciplinary Sciences)

Band-gap engineering is one of the fundamental techniques in semiconductor technology. To fully utilize the spintronic material, it is essential to optimize the spin-dependent electronic structure in operando conditions by applying the magnetic and/or electric fields. Here we present a new spectroscopic technique to probe the spin-polarized electronic structures by using magnetic circular dichroism (MCD) in resonant inelastic soft X-ray scattering (RIXS) under an external magnetic field. Thanks to the spin-selective dipole-allowed transitions in the RIXS-MCD, we have successfully demonstrated the direct evidence of the perfectly spin-polarized electronic structures for the prototypical halfmetallic Heusller alloy, Co$$_{2}$$MnSi. The RIXS-MCD is a promising tool to probe the spin-dependent carriers and band-gap with element specific way induced in buried magnetic layers under operando conditions.


Development of long pulse arc driven ion source for iBNCT

柴田 崇統*; 杉村 高志*; 池上 清*; 高木 昭*; 佐藤 将春*; 内藤 富士雄*; 大越 清紀; 長谷川 和男

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 33, p.011009_1 - 011009_6, 2021/03

茨城ホウ素中性子捕捉治療(iBNCT)計画におけるリニアック大強度化の一環として、イオン源からのビーム生成においてduty factor 10%(パルス幅1msかつ繰返し周波数100Hz)以上を保ち、ピークビーム電流をこれまでの30mAから60mAに引き上げることが課題である。さらに医療応用上、ビーム大強度化とともに、ビーム波形の安定性(ピーク電流の揺らぎ、shotごとの波形再現性)が重要である。本研究では、六ホウ化ランタン(LaB6)フィラメントを使用したアーク放電型のイオン源を構築し、イオン源からピーク電流値53mA、ピーク電流の揺らぎ$$pm$$0.5mA以内のビーム引き出しを達成した。さらに、パルス幅を200$$mu$$sから1msに伸ばすためのアーク電源を開発し、アーク電流・電圧100A・80-120V、および900$$mu$$sのプラズマ生成に成功した。この長パルスアークプラズマを生成するための、新たなアークパルス電源では、DC300Vと比較的高圧の直流電源と定電圧CV回路を組み合わせることで、医療応用において重要な省スペース化とともに実現した。


Dose coefficients for external exposures to environmental sources

Petoussi-Henss, N.*; 佐藤 大樹; 遠藤 章; Eckerman, K. F.*; Bolch, W. E.*; Hunt, J.*; Jansen, J. T. M.*; Kim, C. H.*; Lee, C.*; 斎藤 公明; et al.

Annals of the ICRP, 49(2), p.11 - 145, 2020/10



Insight into Kondo screening in the intermediate-valence compound SmOs$$_4$$Sb$$_{12}$$ uncovered by soft X-ray magnetic circular dichroism

斎藤 祐児; 藤原 秀紀*; 保井 晃*; 門野 利治*; 菅原 仁*; 菊地 大輔*; 佐藤 英行*; 菅 滋正*; 山崎 篤志*; 関山 明*; et al.

Physical Review B, 102(16), p.165152_1 - 165152_8, 2020/10

 被引用回数:1 パーセンタイル:8.15(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Through a high-precision soft X-ray magnetic circular dichroism (XMCD) study of the intermediate-valence compound SmOs$$_4$$Sb$$_{12}$$, we show our successful approach of revealing unprecedented details of Kondo screening below a characteristic temperature of $$ T_{0} sim$$ 20 K in the paramagnetic phase. The multiplet XMCD structure at the Sm $$M_{5}$$ edge sensitive to the 4$$f$$ configuration enabled us to observe a clear difference between the temperature evolution above and below $$T_{0}$$ with one- and two-component behavior, respectively. Our findings are in strong contrast to the conventional Kondo crossover that coincides with the valence transition, but are qualitatively accounted for by theoretical XMCD predictions combined with the two-fluid phenomenology recently proposed. This work contributes to the large context of Kondo physics that is closely related to quantum criticality in heavy fermion systems.


Gapless spin liquid in a square-kagome lattice antiferromagnet

藤原 理賀*; 森田 克洋*; Mole, R.*; 満田 節生*; 遠山 貴巳*; 矢野 真一郎*; Yu, D.*; 曽田 繁利*; 桑井 智彦*; 幸田 章宏*; et al.

Nature Communications (Internet), 11, p.3429_1 - 3429_7, 2020/07

 被引用回数:21 パーセンタイル:86.79(Multidisciplinary Sciences)

Observation of a quantum spin liquid (QSL) state is one of the most important goals in condensed-matter physics, as well as the development of new spintronic devices that support next-generation industries. The QSL in two-dimensional quantum spin systems is expected to be due to geometrical magnetic frustration, and thus a kagome-based lattice is the most probable playground for QSL. Here, we report the first experimental results of the QSL state on a square-kagome quantum antiferromagnet, KCu$$_6$$AlBiO$$_4$$(SO$$_4$$)$$_5$$Cl. Comprehensive experimental studies via magnetic susceptibility, magnetisation, heat capacity, muon spin relaxation, and inelastic neutron scattering measurements reveal the formation of a gapless QSL at very low temperatures close to the ground state. The QSL behavior cannot be explained fully by a frustrated Heisenberg model with nearest-neighbor exchange interactions, providing a theoretical challenge to unveil the nature of the QSL state.


Controlled growth of boron-doped epitaxial graphene by thermal decomposition of a B$$_{4}$$C thin film

乗松 航*; 松田 啓太*; 寺澤 知潮; 高田 奈央*; 増森 淳史*; 伊藤 圭太*; 小田 晃司*; 伊藤 孝寛*; 遠藤 彰*; 舟橋 良次*; et al.

Nanotechnology, 31(14), p.145711_1 - 145711_7, 2020/04

 被引用回数:5 パーセンタイル:41.49(Nanoscience & Nanotechnology)

炭化珪素(SiC)基板上にエピタキシャル成長した炭化ホウ素(B$$_{4}$$C)薄膜の熱分解によって、ホウ素をドープしたエピタキシャルグラフェンが成長することを示した。SiC上のB$$_{4}$$CとB$$_{4}$$C上のグラフェンの界面は、一定の方位関係を持ち、ダングリングボンドのない安定した構造を局所的に持っていた。B$$_{4}$$Cの最初の炭素層はバッファー層として機能し、その上にグラフェンが積層していた。B$$_{4}$$C上のグラフェンは、ホウ素が高濃度にドープされており、正孔濃度は2$$times$$10$$^{13}$$ - 2$$times$$10$$^{15}$$ cm$$^{-2}$$の広い範囲で制御できた。高濃度にホウ素をドープしたグラフェンはスピングラス挙動を示し、これはスピンフラストレーションシステムにおける局所的な反強磁性秩序の存在を示唆している。炭化物の熱分解は、さまざまな用途向けの新しいの機能エピタキシャルグラフェンをウェーハスケールで得るための技術であると期待できる。


Pulsed neutron imaging based crystallographic structure study of a Japanese sword made by Sukemasa in the Muromachi period

及川 健一; 鬼柳 善明*; 佐藤 博隆*; 大前 良磨*; Pham, A.*; 渡辺 賢一*; 松本 吉弘*; 篠原 武尚; 甲斐 哲也; Harjo S.; et al.

Materials Research Proceedings, Vol.15, p.207 - 213, 2020/02

Japanese swords are very attractive not only as a work of art but also a metallurgical point of view. Since Japanese vintage swords became valuable, it is indispensable to establish non-destructive analysis method to identify some peculiar characteristics. Bragg edge imaging gives real-space distributions of bulk information in a crystalline material as well as neutron tomography. In this work, we investigated crystallographic information of a Japanese sword made by Sukemasa in Izumi province in the first quarter of the 16th century. The experiments have been performed at RADEN at J-PARC. The Sukemasa sword was measured with a counting-type 2D detector and with a CCD camera. We are now analyzing the measured 2D-transmission spectra using RITS code to obtain spatial distribution of the crystallite size, the texture variation, the d110 shift and its broadening. Complementary data analysis using white beam tomography is also on going. Detailed analysis results will be presented.


Study on characterization of colloidal silica grout for rock excavation under saline groundwater

辻 正邦*; 中島 均*; 齋藤 亮*; 沖原 光信*; 佐藤 稔紀

45th Annual Waste Management Conference (WM 2019); Encouraging Young Men & Women to Achieve Their Goals in Radwaste Management, Vol.7, p.4749 - 4763, 2020/01




辻 正邦*; 沖原 光信*; 中島 均*; 齋藤 亮*; 青柳 和平; 佐藤 稔紀

第47回岩盤力学に関するシンポジウム講演集(インターネット), p.266 - 271, 2020/01

地層処分のための工学技術として、坑道掘削時のグラウト技術(湧水抑制対策)の高度化開発が多く行われてきた。ただし、海水条件下を想定した物性取得や硬化のメカニズムを考慮した具体的な設計・施工方法は未確立である。このような状況を踏まえて、海水条件下における知見, 基本物性取得, 浸透特性取得, 研究レビューを実施したので、その概要について報告する。


New precise measurements of muonium hyperfine structure at J-PARC MUSE

Strasser, P.*; 阿部 充志*; 青木 正治*; Choi, S.*; 深尾 祥紀*; 東 芳隆*; 樋口 嵩*; 飯沼 裕美*; 池戸 豊*; 石田 勝彦*; et al.

EPJ Web of Conferences, 198, p.00003_1 - 00003_8, 2019/01

 被引用回数:13 パーセンタイル:99.33

High precision measurements of the ground state hyperfine structure (HFS) of muonium is a stringent tool for testing bound-state quantum electrodynamics (QED) theory, determining fundamental constants of the muon magnetic moment and mass, and searches for new physics. Muonium is the most suitable system to test QED because both theoretical and experimental values can be precisely determined. Previous measurements were performed decades ago at LAMPF with uncertainties mostly dominated by statistical errors. At the J-PARC Muon Science Facility (MUSE), the MuSEUM collaboration is planning complementary measurements of muonium HFS both at zero and high magnetic field. The new high-intensity muon beam that will soon be available at H-Line will provide an opportunity to improve the precision of these measurements by one order of magnitude. An overview of the different aspects of these new muonium HFS measurements, the current status of the preparation for high-field measurements, and the latest results at zero field are presented.


Numerical and experimental study of H$$^{-}$$ beam dynamics in J-PARC LEBT

柴田 崇統*; 池上 清*; Liu, Y.*; 三浦 昭彦; 内藤 富士雄*; 南茂 今朝雄*; 小栗 英知; 大越 清紀; 大谷 将士*; 神藤 勝啓; et al.

Proceedings of 29th International Linear Accelerator Conference (LINAC 2018) (Internet), p.519 - 521, 2019/01



Local structure study of the iron-based systems of BaFe$$_2$$As$$_2$$ and LiFeAs by X-ray PDF and XAFS analyses

Li, S.*; 豊田 真幸*; 小林 義明*; 伊藤 正行*; 池内 和彦*; 米田 安宏; 大谷 彬*; 松村 大樹; 浅野 駿*; 水木 純一郎*; et al.

Physica C, 555, p.45 - 53, 2018/12

 被引用回数:1 パーセンタイル:5.84(Physics, Applied)




柴田 崇統*; 高木 昭*; 池上 清*; 杉村 高志*; 南茂 今朝雄*; 内藤 富士雄*; 小林 仁*; 栗原 俊一*; 本田 洋介*; 佐藤 将春*; et al.

Proceedings of 15th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (インターネット), p.385 - 387, 2018/10

In order to satisfy the second term clinical trial condition of iBNCT, which requires 5 mA proton beam extraction from linac, beam operation of Lanthanum Hexaboride (LaB$$_6$$) filament has been started from Oct. 2017. In the test stand, plasma arc discharge properties and beam current measurement via Faraday-cup (FC) has been done under several ion source conditions. By Mar. 2018, 45 mA of beam current has been achieved at FC. Although the pulse width of arc discharge is limited to 200 $$mu$$s by the capacitor bank in arc pulser power supply, still the wave form of the arc discharge current/voltage and the resultant beam current at FC have shown very stable flat top (beam current fluctuation below 0.5 %) after 50 $$mu$$s. Further increase of beam current is required by optimization of AMFC (Axial Magnetic Field correction) field and filament emission which will be done in 2018.


Observation of plasma density oscillation with doubled value of RF frequency in J-PARC RF ion source

柴田 崇統*; 神藤 勝啓; 高木 昭*; 小栗 英知; 池上 清*; 大越 清紀; 南茂 今朝雄*; 内藤 富士雄*

AIP Conference Proceedings 2011, p.020008_1 - 020008_3, 2018/09

 被引用回数:5 パーセンタイル:93.18

Balmer alpha line intensity in J-PARC Radio Frequency (RF) negative hydrogen ion source has been measured by photometry measurement. The line intensity shows several interesting time characteristics in different phases; (1) 2 MHz (RF frequency) oscillation just after plasma ignition and (2) 4 MHz (doubled RF frequency) and 2 MHz coupled oscillation in the steady-state. From the comparison between numerical analysis, it has been explained that electron acceleration in inductively coupled electromagnetic field takes place with 4 MHz frequency which results in the 4 MHz line intensity oscillation. From the understandings of the background physics, we can conclude that this fast photometry measurement is a good diagnosis tool to understand whether RF plasma is in E-mode or H-mode in general RF ion sources.


Revising the 4${it f}$ symmetry in CeCu$$_{2}$$Ge$$_{2}$$; Soft X-ray absorption and hard X-ray photoemission spectroscopy

荒谷 秀和*; 中谷 泰博*; 藤原 秀紀*; 川田 萌樹*; 金井 惟奈*; 山神 光平*; 藤岡 修平*; 濱本 諭*; 久我 健太郎*; 木須 孝幸*; et al.

Physical Review B, 98(12), p.121113_1 - 121113_6, 2018/09


 被引用回数:4 パーセンタイル:23.48(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

We present a detailed study on the $$4f$$ ground state symmetry of the pressure-induced superconductor CeCu$$_2$$Ge$$_2$$ probed by soft X-ray absorption and hard X-ray photoemission spectroscopy. The revised Ce $$4f$$ ground states are determined as $$|{Gamma_7}rangle=sqrt{0.45}|{J_{z}=pm frac{5}{2}}rangle - sqrt{0.55}|{mp frac{3}{2}}rangle$$ with $$Sigmamathchar`-{rm type}$$ in-plane rotational symmetry. This gives an in-plane magnetic moment consistent with the antiferromagnetic moment as reported in neutron measurements. Since the in-plane symmetry is the same as that for the superconductor CeCu$$_2$$Si$$_2$$, we propose that the charge distribution along the $$c$$-axis plays an essential role in driving the system into a superconducting phase.


Characterization and thermodynamic study of humic acid in deep groundwater at Horonobe, Hokkaido, Japan

紀室 辰伍*; 桐島 陽*; 長尾 誠也*; 斎藤 拓巳*; 天野 由記; 宮川 和也; 秋山 大輔*; 佐藤 修彰*

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 55(5), p.503 - 515, 2018/05

 被引用回数:4 パーセンタイル:42.98(Nuclear Science & Technology)


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