Browne, F.*; Chen, S.*; Doornenbal, P.*; Obertelli, A.*; Ogata, Kazuyuki*; Utsuno, Yutaka; Yoshida, Kazuki; Achouri, N. L.*; Baba, Hidetada*; Calvet, D.*; et al.
Physical Review Letters, 126(25), p.252501_1 - 252501_7, 2021/06
Direct proton-knockout reactions of Sc were studied at the RIKEN Radioactive Isotope Beam Factory. Populated states of Ca were investigated through -ray and invariant-mass spectroscopy. Level energies were calculated from the nuclear shell model employing a phenomenological inter-nucleon interaction. Theoretical cross sections to states were calculated from distorted-wave impulse approximation estimates multiplied by the shell model spectroscopic factors. Despite the calculations showing a significant amplitude of excited neutron configurations in the ground-state of Sc, valence proton removals populated predominantly the ground-state of Ca. This counter-intuitive result is attributed to pairing effects leading to a dominance of the ground-state spectroscopic factor. Owing to the ubiquity of the pairing interaction, this argument should be generally applicable to direct knockout reactions from odd-even to even-even nuclei.
Juhsz, M. M.*; Elekes, Z.*; Sohler, D.*; Utsuno, Yutaka; Yoshida, Kazuki; Otsuka, Takaharu*; Ogata, Kazuyuki*; Doornenbal, P.*; Obertelli, A.*; Baba, Hidetada*; et al.
Physics Letters B, 814, p.136108_1 - 136108_8, 2021/03
The nuclear structure of Ar was studied by the (,2) reaction using -ray spectroscopy for the bound and unbound states. Comparing the results to our shell-model calculations, two bound and six unbound states were established. The low cross sections populating the two bound states of Ar could be interpreted as a clear signature for the presence of significant sub-shell closures at neutron numbers 32 and 34 in argon isotopes.
Corts, M. L.*; Rodriguez, W.*; Doornenbal, P.*; Obertelli, A.*; Holt, J. D.*; Menndez, J.*; Ogata, Kazuyuki*; Schwenk, A.*; Shimizu, Noritaka*; Simonis, J.*; et al.
Physical Review C, 102(6), p.064320_1 - 064320_9, 2020/12
Low-lying excited states in the = 32 isotope Ar were investigated by in-beam -ray spectroscopy following proton- and neutron-knockout, multinucleon removal, and proton inelastic scattering at the RIKEN Radioactive Isotope Beam Factory. The energies of the two previously reported transitions have been confirmed, and five additional states are presented for the first time, including a candidate for a 3 state. The level scheme built using coincidences was compared to shell-model calculations in the model space and to predictions based on chiral two- and three-nucleon interactions. Theoretical proton- and neutron-knockout cross sections suggest that two of the new transitions correspond to 2 states, while the previously proposed 4 state could also correspond to a 2 state.
Iwai, Hiroki; Soejima, Goro; Takiya, Hiroaki; Awatani, Yuto; Aratani, Kenta; Miyamoto, Yuta; Tezuka, Masashi
Dekomisshoningu Giho, (61), p.12 - 19, 2020/03
FUGEN Decommissioning Engineering Center received the approval of the decommissioning plan in 2008, and we have been progressing the decommissioning. The first phase of decommissioning (Heavy Water and Other System Decontamination Period) finished in March 2018, and FUGEN has entered into the second phase of decommissioning (Reactor Periphery Facilities Dismantling Period). This report outlines the technology demonstration of sampling from reactor core structure of FUGEN that to prepare for reactor dismantlement in the third phase.
Corts, M. L.*; Rodriguez, W.*; Doornenbal, P.*; Obertelli, A.*; Holt, J. D.*; Lenzi, S. M.*; Menndez, J.*; Nowacki, F.*; Ogata, Kazuyuki*; Poves, A.*; et al.
Physics Letters B, 800, p.135071_1 - 135071_7, 2020/01
Excited states in the = 40 isotone Ti were populated via the V(,)Ti reaction at 200 MeV/nucleon at the Radioactive Isotope Beam Factory and studied using -ray spectroscopy. The energies of the and transitions, observed here for the first time, indicate a deformed Ti ground state. These energies are increased compared to the neighboring Cr and Fe isotones, suggesting a small decrease of quadrupole collectivity. The present measurement is well reproduced by large-scale shell-model calculations based on effective interactions, while ab initio and beyond mean-field calculations do not yet reproduce our findings.
Miyamoto, Yuta; Iwai, Hiroki; Yoshikawa, Katsuhiro*
Wakasawan Enerugi Kenkyu Senta Homu Peji (Internet), 1 Pages, 2020/00
no abstracts in English
Chen, S.*; Lee, J.*; Doornenbal, P.*; Obertelli, A.*; Barbieri, C.*; Chazono, Yoshiki*; Navrtil, P.*; Ogata, Kazuyuki*; Otsuka, Takaharu*; Raimondi, F.*; et al.
Physical Review Letters, 123(14), p.142501_1 - 142501_7, 2019/10
no abstracts in English
Soejima, Goro; Iwai, Hiroki; Nakamura, Yasuyuki; Kuwamuro, Naotoshi*; Shimazu, Tadashi*
Eneken Nyusu (Internet), 131, P. 1, 2019/04
We investigated the behavior of the dust generated by Laser cutting underwater aimed at the simulant material of reactor components (SUS304) and the pressure and calandria tube (Zr-2.5%Nb, Zry-2) of the prototype reactor. This test was carried out in the water tank as large as the reactor of FUGEN.
Soejima, Goro; Iwai, Hiroki; Nakamura, Yasuyuki; Tsuzuki, Satoshi*; Yasunaga, Kazushi*; Kume, Kyo*
Heisei-29-Nendo Koeki Zaidan Hojin Wakasawan Enerugi Kenkyu Senta kenkyu Nempo, 20, P. 80, 2018/11
We investigated the behavior of the dust generated by Laser and Plasma-arc cutting underwater and in air aimed at the simulant material of reactor components (SUS304) and the pressure and calandria tube (Zr-2.5%Nb, Zry-2) of the prototype reactor "FUGEN".
Soejima, Goro; Iwai, Hiroki; Kadowaki, Haruhiko; Nakamura, Yasuyuki; Tsuzuki, Satoshi*; Yasunaga, Kazushi*; Nakata, Yoshinori*; Kume, Kyo*
Heisei-28-Nendo Koeki Zaidan Hojin Wakasawan Enerugi Kenkyu Senta kenkyu Nempo, 19, P. 9, 2017/10
no abstracts in English
Soejima, Goro; Iwai, Hiroki; Nakamura, Yasuyuki; Hayashi, Hirokazu; Kadowaki, Haruhiko; Mizui, Hiroyuki; Sano, Kazuya
Proceedings of 25th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE-25) (CD-ROM), 5 Pages, 2017/07
no abstracts in English
Nakamura, Yasuyuki; Iwai, Hiroki; Tezuka, Masashi; Sano, Kazuya
JAEA-Technology 2015-055, 89 Pages, 2016/03
It was reported that Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station (1F) had lost the cooling function of the reactor by the Tohoku Earthquake. It is assumed that the core internals became narrow and complicated debris structure mixed with the molten fuel. In consideration of the above situations, the AWJ cutting method, which has features of the long work distance and little heat effect for a material, has been developed for the removal of the molten core internals through cutting tests for 3 years since FY 2012. And it was confirmed that AWJ cutting method is useful for the removal of the core internals etc. The results in FY 2012 were reported in "R&D of the fuel debris removal technologies by abrasive water jet cutting technology (JAEA-Technology 2013-041)" and this report summarizes the results of FY 2012, 2013 and 2014 in this report. It was confirmed the possibility to apply the removal work of the fuel debris and the core internals.
Tezuka, Masashi; Nakamura, Yasuyuki; Iwai, Hiroki; Sano, Kazuya
JAEA-Technology 2015-047, 114 Pages, 2016/03
It was reported that Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant had been lost the function of cooling the reactor by the Tohoku Earthquake. It is assumed that the original shapes of the internal core are not kept and the inside of the reactor makes so narrow in the space, however the fuel debris and the molten internal core will have to be removed for the decommissioning of 1F. We concerned the suppression of dross by optimization of cutting conditions, in using some moderated test pieces. And we can improve the cutting capability by heating the objects in advance. Moreover, it's possible that plasma arc cutting can cut off the mixed material the fuel debris and the molten internal core by using the cooperation cutting technique both the plasma arc and the plasma jet cutting. From these results, we have got the prospect that plasma cutting method can apply the removal of the fuel debris and the molten internal core.
Iwai, Hiroki; Nakamura, Yasuyuki; Mizui, Hiroyuki; Sano, Kazuya
JAEA-Technology 2015-046, 110 Pages, 2016/03
Advanced Thermal Reactor (ATR) FUGEN is a proto-type heavy water moderated, boiling light water cooled, pressure tube-type reactor with the thermal power of 557 MW and the electrical power of 165 MW. The reactor of FUGEN is classified into the core region and the shielding region. The core region is highly activated owing to the long term operation, and characterized by its tube-cluster construction that contains 224 fuel channels arranging both the pressure and the calandria tubes coaxially in each channel closely. And the shielding region surrounding the core region has the laminated structure composed of up to 150 mm thickness of carbon steel. The reactor is planning to be dismantled under water remotely in order to shield the radiation around the core and prevent airborne dust generated by the cutting, and firing of zirconium material. This paper reports on the result of development of the basic dismantling procedure of the reactor of FUGEN.
Nakamura, Yasuyuki; Iwai, Hiroki; Mizui, Hiroyuki; Sano, Kazuya
JAEA-Technology 2015-045, 137 Pages, 2016/03
FUGEN is 9 m outer-diameter and 7m height, and characterized by its tube-cluster construction that contains 224 fuel channels arranging both the pressure and the calandria tubes coaxially in each channel. And the periphery part of the core has the laminated structure composed of up to 150 mm thickness of carbon steel for radiation shielding. The structure of the reactor, which is made of various materials such as stainless steel, carbon steel, zirconium alloy and aluminum. The reactor is planning to be dismantled under water in order to shield the radiation ray around the core and prevent airborne dust generated by the cutting, the temporary pool structure and the remote-operated dismantling machines needs to be installed on the top of reactor. In consideration of above the structure of Fugen reactor, the cutting method was selected for dismantling the reactor core in order to shorten the dismantling term and reduce the secondary waste.
Iwai, Hiroki; Nakamura, Yasuyuki; Mizui, Hiroyuki; Sano, Kazuya; Morishita, Yoshitsugu
Proceedings of 7th International Congress on Laser Advanced Materials Processing (LAMP 2015) (Internet), 4 Pages, 2015/08
The reactor of FUGEN is characterized by its tube-cluster construction that contains 224 channels arranging both the pressure and the calandria tubes coaxially in each channel. And the periphery part of the core has the laminated structure of up to 150 mm thickness of carbon steel for radiation shielding. Method for dismantling the reactor core is also being studied with considering processes of dismantlement by remote-handling devices under the water for the radiation shielding. In order to shorten the term of the reactor dismantlement work and reduce the secondary waste, some cutting tests and literature research for various cutting methods had been carried out. As the result, the laser cutting method, which has feature of the narrow cutting kerf and the fast cutting velocity, was mainly selected for dismantling the reactor. In this presentation, current activities of FUGEN decommissioning and R&D of laser cutting tests are introduced.
Kitamura, Koichi; Kutsuna, Hideki; Matsushima, Akira; Koda, Yuya; Iwai, Hiroki
Dekomisshoningu Giho, (51), p.2 - 10, 2015/04
Fugen Decommissioning Engineering Center (herein after called as "FUGEN") obtained the approval of the decommissioning program on February 2008. FUGEN has been carrying out decommissioning works based on its decommissioning program since then. Now is in initial stage, the dismantling works was launched in turbine system whose contamination was relatively low level and their various data have been accumulating. And the draining heavy water, tritium decontamination and transferring of heavy water were carried out safely and reasonably. The preparation for the clearance system and the research and development works for the reactor core dismantling have been progressed steadily as well. Meanwhile, FUGEN has affiliation with local industries and universities for collaboration research, and has exchanged the decommissioning information with domestic and overseas organizations continuously.
Hayashi, Hirokazu; Sato, Takumi; Shibata, Hiroki; Kurata, Masaki; Iwai, Takashi; Arai, Yasuo
Science China; Chemistry, 57(11), p.1427 - 1431, 2014/11
Nitride fuels have several advantages, such as high thermal conductivity and high metal density like metallic fuels, and high melting point and isotropic crystal structure like oxide fuels. Since the late 1990s, the partitioning and transmutation of minor actinides (MA) has been studied to decrease the long term radio-toxicity of high level waste and mitigate the burden on the final disposal. Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) has been proposing dedicated transmutation cycle using the Accelerator-Driven System (ADS) with the nitride fuels containing MA. We have been developing the nitride fuel cycle including pyrochemical process. Our focus is on electrolysis of nitride fuels and refabrication of nitride fuel from the recovered actinides because other processes are similar to the technology for the metal fuel treatment and have been studied elsewhere. In this paper, we summarized our activity on developments of the pyrochemical treatment of the spent nitride fuels.
Kutsuna, Hideki; Iwai, Hiroki; Kadowaki, Haruhiko
JAEA-Review 2014-023, 30 Pages, 2014/08
Fugen Decommissioning Engineering Center, in planning and carrying out our decommissioning technical development, has been establishing "Technical special committee on Fugen decommissioning" which consists of the members well-informed, aiming to make good use of Fugen as a place for technological development which is opened inside and outside the country, as the central point in the energy research and development base making project of Fukui prefecture, and to utilize the outcome in our decommissioning to the technical development effectively. This report compiles presentation materials "The Current Situation of Fugen Decommissioning", "Development for the Sampling Technology from the Reactor Core Structure of FUGEN" and "Efficiency Improvement for the Room-Temperature Vacuum Drying in the Tritium Removal", presented in the 29th Technical special committee on Fugen decommissioning which was held on March 13, 2014.
Tezuka, Masashi; Nakamura, Yasuyuki; Iwai, Hiroki; Sano, Kazuya; Fukui, Yasutaka
Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 51(7-8), p.1054 - 1058, 2014/07
The cutting technologies for removing the fuel debris and the internal core structure in 1F are needed in consideration of the situation in the core and so on. On the other hand, JAEA has been carrying out the decommissioning of the nuclear facilities ending the R&D, has several technologies and knowledge to dismantle the nuclear facilities. In particular, the cutting technologies of the plasma arc, the laser, and the abrasive water jet (AWJ) and the plasma jet have been developed. Therefore, based on the above, JAEA has carried out the cutting test for investigating the applicability of those cutting technologies to propose the method for removing the fuel debris and the internal core structure to the national project. In this paper, it is outlined on the test results of the plasma arc and the AWJ cutting technologies, and the future plan of the test of those technologies and the plasma jet cutting technology.